Druid Hills, Georgia

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For other uses, see Druid Hills (disambiguation).
Druid Hills
CDP and neighborhood of Atlanta
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention headquarters
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention headquarters
Location in DeKalb County and the state of Georgia
Location in DeKalb County and the state of Georgia
Druid Hills CDP, unincorporated DeKalb County
Druid Hills CDP, unincorporated DeKalb County
Coordinates: 33°47′14″N 84°19′34″W / 33.78722°N 84.32611°W / 33.78722; -84.32611Coordinates: 33°47′14″N 84°19′34″W / 33.78722°N 84.32611°W / 33.78722; -84.32611
Country United States
State Georgia
County DeKalb
Area
 • Total 4.2 sq mi (11 km2)
 • Land 4.2 sq mi (10.9 km2)
 • Water 0 sq mi (0.1 km2)
Elevation 912 ft (278 m)
Population (2010)
 • Total 14,568
 • Density 3,500/sq mi (1,300/km2)
  (CDP only)
Time zone Eastern (EST) (UTC-5)
 • Summer (DST) EDT (UTC-4)
ZIP code 30333
Area code(s) 404
FIPS code 13-24264[1]
GNIS feature ID 0331589[2]

Druid Hills is a community which includes both a census-designated place (CDP) in unincorporated DeKalb County, Georgia, United States, as well as a neighborhood of the city of Atlanta. The CDP's population was 14,568 at the 2010 census.[3] The CDP contains the main campus of Emory University and the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). The Atlanta-city section of Druid Hills is one of Atlanta's most affluent neighborhoods with a median household income in excess of $238,500 [4]

History[edit]

The planned community was initially conceived by Joel Hurt, and developed with the effort of Atlanta's leading families, including Coca-Cola founder Asa Candler. It contains some of Atlanta's historic mansions from the late 19th and early 20th century. Druid Hills includes the main campus of Emory University, which relocated to Atlanta in 1914.

Druid Hills was designed by Frederick Law Olmsted and was one of his last commissions. A showpiece of the design was the string of parks along Ponce de Leon Avenue,which was designated as Druid Hills Parks and Parkways and listed on the National Register of Historic Places on April 11, 1975. The remainder of the development was listed on the Register as the Druid Hills Historic District on October 25, 1979.[5][6] Later the Park and Parkways district was consolidated into the Druid Hills Historic District. The other historic districts in Druid Hills are:

St. John's Chrysostom Melkite Church along in Druid Hills, Atlanta, 2012, formerly the mansion of Asa Griggs Candler (Senior)
Rainbow Terrace, home of Lucy Beall Candler Owens Heinz Leide at 1610 Ponce de Leon Ave., 1922
Briarcliff, the Asa G. Candler, Jr. Mansion, 2012

Geography[edit]

Druid Hills is located at 33°47′14″N 84°19′34″W / 33.78722°N 84.32611°W / 33.78722; -84.32611 (33.787205, -84.325974).[8]

According to the United States Census Bureau, the CDP has a total area of 4.2 square miles (11 km2), of which 0.04 square miles (0.10 km2), or 0.48%, is water. The CDP's northern boundary is the South Fork of Peachtree Creek; the CSX track and the Decatur city limits are the eastern boundary; the DeKalb County line is the western boundary; and the southern boundary is the Atlanta city limit.

The Druid Hills neighborhood of Atlanta is bounded by the Druid Hills CDP (i.e. unincorporated DeKalb County) on the north and east; the Morningside/Lenox Park, Virginia-Highland and Poncey-Highland neighborhoods of Atlanta on the west; and the Candler Park neighborhood of Atlanta on the south.[citation needed]

The Chelsea Heights neighborhood is located in the eastern part of the CDP at the Decatur border, and participates in the Druid Hills Civic Association.

Demographics[edit]

As of the census[1] of 2000, there were 12,742 people, 4,627 households, and 2,040 families residing in the CDP. The population density was 3,040.4 people per square mile (1,174.1/km²). There were 4,830 housing units at an average density of 1,152.6/sq mi (445.1/km²). The racial makeup of the CDP was 84.15% White, 6.0% African-American, 0.16% Native American, 7.34% Asian, 0.07% Pacific Islander, 0.64% from other races, and 1.64% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 2.43% of the population.

There were 4,627 households out of which 18.9% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 37.5% were married couples living together, 4.7% had a female householder with no husband present, and 55.9% were non-families. 37.4% of all households were made up of individuals and 10.0% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.06 and the average family size was 2.80.

In the CDP the population was spread out with 13.0% under the age of 18, 30.2% from 18 to 24, 30.7% from 25 to 44, 16.5% from 45 to 64, and 9.6% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 28 years. For every 100 females there were 91.5 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 88.2 males.

The median income for a household in the CDP was $62,953, and the median income for a family was $106,196. Males had a median income of $57,017 versus $45,458 for females. The per capita income for the CDP was $34,829. About 2.3% of families and 7.7% of the population were below the poverty line, including 3.5% of those under age 18 and 4.2% of those age 65 or over.

Candler mansion (built 1916) at 1500 Ponce de Leon Avenue in Druid Hills

Economy[edit]

Emory Village, a small historic commercial node

Emory University, including its hospitals, is the third largest employer in Metro Atlanta as of 2007/8.[9] The CDC is also an employer of note.

Commercial areas include Emory Village, a small node first developed in the 1920s at the terminus of the streetcar line to Emory. A revitalization of the area was completed in 2011 with new sidewalks, street furniture and two new roundabouts.[10][11]

The other, larger commercial areas fall just outside the community's boundaries, such as the Clairmont Road corridor in North Decatur, the Sage Hill shopping center in Atlanta's Morningside/Lenox Park, and the Ponce de Leon Avenue corridor just west of Druid Hills in Atlanta's Poncey-Highland/Virginia-Highland.

Arts and culture[edit]

Callanwolde Fine Arts Center (Charles Howard Candler mansion)

Druid Hills is home to The Atlanta Boy Choir on S. Ponce de Leon Ave. and Callanwolde Fine Arts Center, housed in the Gothic-Tudor style former estate of Charles Howard Candler, president of Coca-Cola and eldest son of Asa Griggs Candler, Coca-Cola's co-founder.


Parks[edit]

  • Baker Woodland, Emory University, between Fishburne Dr. & South Kilga Cir. Forest of oak, tulip poplar, beech, and hickory trees - contains over 100 plant species.
  • Burbanck Park, Oxford Rd. & Clifton Rd. 1.2-acre (4,900 m2) natural park which borders Peavine Creek. It is named after Madeline and William Burbanck, Emory University professors who owned the property.[12]
  • Fernbank Forest, Fernbank Museum of Natural History.[13]
  • Fernbank School Park, 157 Heaton Park Dr. This DeKalb County 12-acre (49,000 m2) park is located west of the CSX railroad tracks. It includes a multi-use field and court, playground, picnic area and walking trails.
  • Hahn Woods, Emory University, Houston Mill Rd. (at South Peachtree Creek). Nature preserve with trail and viewing platform over the creek.
  • Medlock Park North Druid Hills subdivision, Nine little league baseball fields with concessions, playground and a running/cycling trail which follows Nancy Creek.
  • Olmsted Linear Park, Druid Hills, Ponce de Leon Ave. 50 acres (200,000 m2) of six distinct parks, strung along Ponce de Leon Avenue like a necklace. They were designed by Frederick Law Olmsted in the late 19th Century. Each of the six parks has its own name: Deepdene, Dellwood, Shadyside, Springdale, Virgilee and Oak Grove (formerly Brightwood).[14]
  • Wesley Woods Forest, Emory University.

Government[edit]

The neighborhood organization, the Druid Hills Civic Association (DHCA), gives input to two authorities since the community is divided between the city of Atlanta and unincorporated territory in DeKalb County.

The Atlanta part is an official recognized neighborhood of Atlanta, which in turn is part of NPU N. Officially, DHCA exercises its input into planning and other city processes by giving input to the NPU.[15]

DeKalb County does not have an officially designated role for the community within the county government in the way the City of Atlanta does (though there are five large geographic districts for the election of county commissioners), so the DHCA gives input to the unitarian county government in Decatur.[16]

The United States Postal Service operates the Druid Hills Post Office at 1799 Briarcliff Road NE in the North Druid Hills CDP in unincorporated DeKalb.[17][18] The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention's main offices are located in the CDP.[19][20][21]

Infrastructure[edit]

Transportation[edit]

Public bus transportation is provided by the Metropolitan Atlanta Rapid Transit Authority, while Emory University runs an extensive fleet of shuttles, called the "Cliff".[22]

Education[edit]

Primary and secondary schools[edit]

Public schools[edit]

The CDP is served by the DeKalb County School System. Residents are zoned to Fernbank Elementary School (in the Druid Hills CDP[20]), Druid Hills Middle School (in the North Decatur CDP[23]), and Druid Hills High School (in the Druid Hills CDP[20]).[24]

Private schools[edit]

Colleges and universities[edit]

Emory University is a private university located in the Druid Hills CDP.[20]

Places of worship[edit]

Synagogues are located in adjacent Virginia-Highland, Morningside/Lenox Park and North Druid Hills, the latter having one of the largest concentrations of Orthodox Jews in Metro Atlanta.

Churches

Notable residents[edit]

  • Cully Cobb, founder of the Cobb Institute of Archaeology at Mississippi State University

See also[edit]


Bibliography[edit]

  • Bryant, James C. Druid Hills Golf Club in Atlanta: The Story and the People, 1912–1997. Atlanta, Ga.: Druid Hills Golf Club, 1998
  • Hartle, Robert, Jr. Atlanta's Druid Hills: A Brief History. The History Press, June 27, 2008.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  2. ^ "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  3. ^ "Race, Hispanic or Latino, Age, and Housing Occupancy: 2010 Census Redistricting Data (Public Law 94-171) Summary File (QT-PL), Druid Hills CDP, Georgia". U.S. Census Bureau, American FactFinder 2. Retrieved October 28, 2011. 
  4. ^ Stephen R. Higley, PhD. "Neighborhood Summary By Metro Area". Higley1000.com. Retrieved 13 October 2014. 
  5. ^ "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service. 2009-03-13. 
  6. ^ [1][dead link]
  7. ^ [2][dead link]
  8. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23. 
  9. ^ "Metro Atlanta Chamber of Commerce : 2007/2008" (PDF). Metroatlantachamber.com. Retrieved 13 October 2014. Figures are for HQ only, not retail stores .
  10. ^ ""Revitalization Plan", Alliance to Improve Emory Village" (PDF). Emoryvillage.org. Retrieved 13 October 2014. 
  11. ^ "David Payne, "Emory Village roundabout project begins", Emory Report, August 23, 2010". Emory.edu. Retrieved 13 October 2014. 
  12. ^ Clifton Community Partnership. "Burbanck Park". Clifton Community Partnership. Cool Dog Interactive. Retrieved 2014-06-30. 
  13. ^ Angilbas. "Fernbank Forest". Widipedia. Wikimedia Foundation. Retrieved 2014-06-30. 
  14. ^ Olmsted Linear Park Alliance. "The Olmsted Linear Park Tour". atlantaolmstedpark.org. Olmsted Linear Park Alliance. Retrieved 2014-06-30. 
  15. ^ "Druid Hills Civic Association". Druid Hills Civic Association. Retrieved 13 October 2014. 
  16. ^ "DeKalb County website". Co.dekalb.ga.us. Retrieved 13 October 2014. 
  17. ^ "Post Office Location - DRUID HILLS." United States Postal Service. Retrieved on May 5, 2009.
  18. ^ "North Druid Hills CDP, GA." United States Census Bureau. Retrieved on May 5, 2009.
  19. ^ "Centers for Disease Control and Prevention". Cdc.gov. Retrieved 13 October 2014. 
  20. ^ a b c d "Druid Hills CDP, GA." United States Census Bureau. Retrieved on May 5, 2009.
  21. ^ Kessler, John. "CDC flu chief: ‘Mother Nature rolling the dice’." Atlanta Journal-Constitution. Sunday May 3, 2009. Retrieved on February 5, 2011. "The second bolt of lightning struck two miles south of the CDC, in Druid Hills."
  22. ^ "Cliff Shuttles, Emory University". Transportation.emory.edu. Retrieved 13 October 2014. 
  23. ^ "American FactFinder". Factfinder.census.gov. Retrieved 13 October 2014. 
  24. ^ [3][dead link]

External links[edit]