Druk

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
This article is about the Bhutanese national symbol. For other uses, see Druk (disambiguation).
The Flag of Bhutan features Druk

The Druk (Dzongkha: འབྲུག་) is the "Thunder Dragon" of Bhutanese mythology and a Bhutanese national symbol. A druk appears on the Bhutanese flag, holding jewels to represent wealth. In the Dzongkha language, Bhutan is called Druk Yul, or Land of Druk, and Bhutanese leaders are called Druk Gyalpo, Dragon Kings. During the Bhutanese mock election in 2007, all four mock parties were called the Druk colour Party.[1] The national anthem of Bhutan, Druk tsendhen, translates into English as "The Kingdom of Druk".

The druk (also known as a "duk" or "dug") was adopted as an emblem by the Dugpa sect, which originated in Tibet and spread to Bhutan. According to traditional accounts, when the sect's founder, the Lama Chodje Tsangpa Gyarespa, began to build the Ralung monastery, there was a violent storm. Thunder, or the "Cloud-Voice," is seen as the roar of the dragon.[2] Deciding that this was an omen, he named the monastery Dug-Ralung, adding the word "thunder dragon" to the name. The disciples at the monastery were known as Dugpa, or "Those of the Thunder."[3] As of the 1900s, the Grand Lama of Bhutan wore a hat with thunder dragons on it to signify the origins of the sect.[4] As the sect became more popular, it set up monasteries in what is now Bhutan, with the result that the area became known as Dug Yul, or Land of Thunder, among both Tibetans and Bhutanese.[5]

See also[edit]

Other Asian dragons[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Every party had a separate colour representing its values.
  2. ^ Waddell, Laurence (1895). The Buddhism of Tibet Or Lamaism. p. 199. 
  3. ^ David-Neel, Alexandra. Initiations and Initiates in Tibet. 
  4. ^ Waddell, Laurence (1895). The Buddhism of Tibet Or Lamaism. p. 199. 
  5. ^ David-Neel, Alexandra. Initiations and Initiates in Tibet.