Édouard Drumont

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Édouard Drumont, collage with the antisemitic newspaper he founded, La Libre Parole of 10 September 1899.[1] The headlines read: “The Traitor Convicted, Ten Years of Detention and Degradation, Down with the Jews!”

Édouard Adolphe Drumont (3 May 1844 – 5 February 1917) was a French journalist and writer. He founded the Antisemitic League of France in 1889, and was the founder and editor of the newspaper La Libre Parole.

Early life[edit]

Drumont was born in Paris on the spring of 1844 to a family of porcelain-painters from Lille. He lost his father at the age of seventeen, and had to care for himself and earn his own livelihood from then onwards.[2]

Public career[edit]

He first worked in government service, and later became a contributor to the press and was the author of a number of works, of which Mon vieux Paris (1879) was crowned by the French Academy.

Drumont's 1886 book La France Juive (Jewish France) attacked the role of Jews in France and argued for their exclusion from society. In 1892 Drumont founded the newspaper the La Libre Parole which became a platform for virulent antisemitism. This newspaper also came out against 'Diana Vaughan', an invention of Léo Taxil, before Taxil admitted that his anti-Masonic protégée did not exist in 1897. La Libre Parole preferred the 'seeress' Henriette Couedon.

From 1898 to 1902 Édouard Drumont represented Algiers in the Chamber of Deputies. He was sued for accusing a parliamentary deputy of having taken a bribe from the prominent Jewish banker Édouard Alphonse de Rothschild to pass a piece of legislation the banker wanted. Drumont attracted many supporters and was one of the primary sources of antisemitic ideas that would later be embraced by Nazism.[3] He exploited the Panama Company Scandal[4] and reached the peak of his notoriety during the Dreyfus Affair, in which he was the most strident of Alfred Dreyfus' accusers.[2]

For his anti-Panama articles, Drumont was condemned to three months' imprisonment. In 1893 he was an unsuccessful candidate for the representation of Amiens; the following year he retired to Brussels. The Dreyfus affair helped him to regain popularity, and in 1898 he returned to France and was elected deputy for the first division of Algiers, but was defeated as a candidate for re-election in 1902.[2]

Being superstitious, Drumont carried a mandrake root around with him[citation needed] and attacked Georges Boulanger on the basis of palmistry.[citation needed]

Works[edit]

  • La fin d'un monde (1888)
  • Dernière battaille (1890)
  • Testament d'un antisémite (1891)
  • Secret de fourmies (1892)
  • De l'or, de la boue, du sang – Du Panama á l'anarchie (1896), dealing with the Panama scandals
  • Les Juifs et l'affaire Dreyfus (1899)
  • Vieux portraits, vieux cadres (1900)

La France juive[edit]

La France juive (Jewish France) (1886)

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ the day after Alfred Dreyfus had been convicted again on 9 September 1899 in Rennes
  2. ^ a b c Deutsch, Gotthard, and A.M. Friedenberg. "DRUMONT, EDOUARD ADOLPHE." JewishEncyclopedia.com. (accessed 9 November 2007).
  3. ^ see also "In 1886 the French antisemite Edouard Drumont published 'La France Juive' (Jewish France), creating the false nightmarish image of a France dominated by Jews, and sowing the poisonous seeds which came to fruit when Vichy French officials collaborated in the mass murder of French Jewry." in Adam Keller, Drumont's Jewish disciple, 2 June 2008
  4. ^ Arendt, Hannah. The Origins of Totalitarianism. Harvest Books, 1973; ISBN 0-15-670153-7, p. 95-99.

Publications[edit]

  • Stéphane Arnoulin, M. Edouard Drumont et les Jésuites (Paris, 1902)

External links[edit]