Dušan Simović

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Dušan Simović
Dušan Simović.jpg
18th Prime Minister of Yugoslavia
In office
27 March 1941 – 12 January 1942
Monarch Peter II
Prince Paul (Regent, 1941)
Preceded by Dragiša Cvetković
Succeeded by Slobodan Jovanović
Personal details
Born (1882-10-28)October 28, 1882
Kragujevac, Kingdom of Serbia
Died August 26, 1962(1962-08-26) (aged 79)
Belgrade, Yugoslavia
Citizenship Yugoslav
Occupation Soldier, politician
Military service
Allegiance  Kingdom of Yugoslavia
Service/branch Royal Yugoslav Army
Years of service 1900–1942
Rank General
Commands Royal Yugoslav Air Force
Chief of the General Staff

Dušan Simović (Serbian: Душан Симовић; 28 October 1882 – 26 August 1962) was a Serbian general who served as Chief of the General Staff of the Royal Yugoslav Army and as the Prime Minister of Yugoslavia.

Life and career[edit]

Simović was born in Kragujevac. He graduated from the military academy in Belgrade in 1900. He earned an advance degree in 1905 and served in The Balkan Wars and World War I. After World War I, he became heavily involved in aviation and air defence, serving as commander of the Air Force from 1936 to 1938. Simović urged the government to accept his plan in the event of an attack by Nazi Germany, and when his plan was rejected and Yugoslavia joined the Tripartite Pact on 25 March 1941, he participated in the British-organized coup d’état two days later on 27 March against Prince Paul of Yugoslavia and Dragiša Cvetković.

After the coup Simović positioned Prime Minister[clarification needed] reaffirming Yugoslavia's intentions to fulfill its obligations as a member of the Axis.[1] But Nazi Germany did not trust him and invaded Yugoslavia on 6 April 1941. Simović fled the country with his family. After the end of the Yugoslav Front and the formation of Josip Broz Tito's second Yugoslavia, he returned to Belgrade in 1952 and went on to author a number of books on military issues. He died in Belgrade.[2]

Political offices
Preceded by
Dragiša Cvetković
Prime Minister of Yugoslavia
1941 – 1942
Succeeded by
Slobodan Jovanović
Military offices
Preceded by
Milutin Nedić
Chief of the General Staff of the Yugoslav Royal Army
1938 – 1940
Succeeded by
Petar Kosić
Preceded by
Petar Kosić
Chief of the General Staff of the Yugoslav Royal Army
1941
Succeeded by
Danilo Kalafatović

References[edit]

  1. ^ Germany and the 2nd World War Volume III:The Mediterranean, south-east Europe, and north Africa, 1939-1941, Gerhard Schreiber,Bernd Stegemann,Detlef Vogel, 1995, p.484
  2. ^ Staff report (August 28, 1962). Gen. Simovic Dies; Yugoslav Leader; Headed Royal Government When Nazis Invaded in '41. New York Times