List of Demi-Gods and Semi-Devils characters

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The following is a list of characters from the wuxia novel Demi-Gods and Semi-Devils by Jin Yong (Louis Cha). There are over 230 characters in the novel, including those who are mentioned only by name. Some characters such as Duan Yu, Duan Zhengchun, Duan Zhengming, Yelü Hongji, and Wanyan Aguda are based on real historical figures, while the rest are all fictional characters.

Main characters[edit]

  • Wang Yuyan (traditional Chinese: 王語嫣; simplified Chinese: 王语嫣; pinyin: Wáng Yǔyān; Jyutping: Wong4 Jyu5-jin1) is the daughter of Duan Zhengchun and Li Qingluo. She is described as a beautiful and flawless young maiden independent of all worldly traits. She has a crush on her cousin, Murong Fu. She memorises martial arts manuals in the hope of helping Murong Fu perfect his skills and hence win his affection, but he does not appreciate her help and treats her coldly. She is able to identify various types of martial arts simply by observation, even though she does not practise the skills in the manuals she read. Duan Yu falls in love with her on first sight due to her resemblance to "Fairy Sister", a statue of her great aunt he chanced upon. He starts following her everywhere she goes and incurs the annoyance of Murong Fu's followers. Although initially impassive towards Duan Yu, she slowly warms up to him after he saved her on many occasions. After seeing the extent of Murong Fu's obsession with restoring his kingdom by competing for the hand-in-marriage of the princess of Western Xia, she attempts suicide but is rescued. Duan Yu confronts Murong Fu and tells him that he will also fight for the princess's hand-in-marriage in an attempt to force Murong to return to Wang Yuyan. Murong Fu is angered and he knocks Duan Yu into a well. By then, Wang Yuyan realises that Murong Fu has become insane and she throws herself into the well to join Duan Yu. Wang and Duan survive the fall, confess their love to each other, and eventually leave safely. Wang Yuyan discovers later that she is Duan Zhengchun's daughter – effectively making her Duan Yu's half-sister – and feels heartbroken because she cannot be with Duan Yu anymore. Duan Yu later tells her that they can still be together because they are ultimately distant cousins since his biological father turns out to be Duan Yanqing instead of Duan Zhengchun.
  • A'zhu (Chinese: 阿朱; pinyin: Ā'zhū; Jyutping: Aa3-zyu1) is the elder daughter of Duan Zhengchun and Ruan Xingzhu, and a master in the art of disguise. She is initially a servant of the Murong family. She meets Duan Yu and helps him escape from Jiumozhi. She once disguised Duan Yu and herself as Murong Fu and Xiao Feng respectively, as part of a plan to save some members of the Beggars' Sect who were captured by Western Xia soldiers. She later disguises herself as a monk and infiltrates Shaolin in an attempt to steal some martial arts manuals for Murong Fu. Xiao Feng witnesses the act and forces her to hide with him behind a giant statue. They are eventually discovered. In the ensuing fight, she is seriously injured by the Shaolin abbot, Xuanci, but Xiao Feng saves her and they escape together. When inspecting her wounds, he finds out that she is actually a woman and uses his inner energy to preserve her life and cares for her while she is wounded. During this time, A'zhu develops romantic feelings for Xiao Feng. Xiao Feng looks for the physician Xue Muhua, who is the only person capable of curing her internal wounds. Although Xue is initially unwilling to save her, he eventually agrees and Xiao Feng departs. After her wounds are healed, A'zhu waits for Xiao Feng five days and five nights on the road and tells him her wish to accompany him forever. Xiao Feng is touched by her dedication and reciprocates her feelings for him. Although they experience a calm and peaceful life in the wilderness while travelling, Xiao is unable to let go of his desire to find out the identity of "Leading Big Brother", the person who killed his parents. They return to Song territory, where A'zhu volunteers to help Xiao trick Kang Min into revealing who "Leading Big Brother" is. However, Kang Min quickly sees through the disguise and misleads them into thinking that the "Leading Big Brother" is Duan Zhengchun. Xiao Feng challenges Duan Zhengchun to a duel. Before the duel, A'zhu finds out that she is actually Duan Zhengchun's daughter, along with her younger sister, A'zi. She disguises herself as Duan Zhengchun to prevent a conflict between her lover and father and is killed by Xiao Feng by mistake. Before her death, she makes Xiao Feng promise to take care of A'zi.
  • A'zi (Chinese: 阿紫; pinyin: Ā'zǐ; Jyutping: Aa3-zi2) is A'zhu's younger sister and a student of Ding Chunqiu. Much like everyone else in the Xingxiu Sect, she is sadistic and cruel, and takes pleasure in torturing and mutilating anyone who offends her. She is considered a traitor by the Xingxiu Sect because she stole the shenmu wangding (神木王鼎), a prized treasure of the sect, and fled with it. In the latest edition of the novel, her reason for doing so was because Ding Chunqiu noticed her growing beauty and started making inappropriate advances on her. You Tanzhi, who is also attracted by her beauty, willingly succumbs to her sadistic "games" to amuse her. He even offers his eyes to her after she is blinded by Ding Chunqiu. However, she has a crush on Xiao Feng and does not care about You Tanzhi. She often taunts Xiao Feng with her sister's dying words whenever he refuses to do anything for her. She becomes increasingly jealous of how irreplaceable her dead sister is in Xiao Feng's heart. When Xiao Feng refuses to help Yelü Hongji attack the Song Empire, Yelü sends his concubine to approach A'zi and trick her into spiking Xiao Feng's wine with a "love potion". While escaping from Liao together with A'zi, Xiao Feng is suddenly seized with fatigue because the "love potion" is actually a poison that will temporarily weaken him. While Xiao Feng is captured and imprisoned by Liao forces, A'zi manages to escape and seek help from Duan Yu and the others to save Xiao. Although Xiao Feng is rescued, he takes Yelü Hongji hostage, makes the Liao emperor swear never to wage war against the Song Empire for as long as he lives, and then commits suicide. A'zi realises that she cannot live without Xiao Feng and follows suit after he takes his own life.
  • Mu Wanqing (Chinese: 木婉清; pinyin: Mù Wǎnqīng; Jyutping: Muk6 Jyun2-cing1) is the daughter of Duan Zhengchun and Qin Hongmian. She is forced to follow a strange rule laid down by her teacher: If any man sees her face, she must either wed or kill him. Because of this reason, she normally masks her face. She is pursued by Yue Laosan, who is angry that she killed his apprentice, who had seen her face. Duan Yu gets involved in this matter, and she takes him along with her as she escapes. Despite her harsh treatment towards him, he tries to help her and she falls in love with him. When Yue Laosan catches up with them, she reveals her face to Duan Yu and forces him to either marry her or die together with her. He chooses the former option. She leaves him in anguish after they are revealed to be actually half-siblings. She meets Duan Yanqing, who tricks her and Duan Yu into consuming aphrodisiac, because he wants them to commit incest and disgrace the Duan family. However, Duan Zhengchun's men dig a secret tunnel leading to the room where she is held captive, rescue her, and replace her with Zhong Ling. She appears again in a later chapter when the protagonists are in Western Xia.
  • Zhong Ling (traditional Chinese: 鍾靈; simplified Chinese: 钟灵; pinyin: Zhōng Líng; Jyutping: Zung1 Ling4) is the daughter of Duan Zhengchun and Gan Baobao. She meets Duan Yu while he is attempting to defuse a conflict between two rival sects. She is captured and held hostage by one of the sects' leaders after he is bitten by her pet, the Lightning Squirrel, whose bite is poisonous and fatal. She is rescued by Duan Yu and Mu Wanqing later. Although she is also in love with Duan Yu, she gives up after learning that he is her half-brother. She appears again in a later chapter to take care of Duan Yu after he is wounded by Jiumozhi.

Kingdom of Dali[edit]

  • Duan Zhengming (Chinese: 段正明; pinyin: Duàn Zhèngmíng; Jyutping: Dyun6 Zeng3-ming4) is the benevolent and wise monarch of Dali who is highly respected by his subjects and people. He abdicates and becomes a monk in Heavenly Dragon Monastery to help the monastery's elders deal with Jiumozhi. He is known as Benchen (traditional Chinese: 本塵; simplified Chinese: 本尘; pinyin: Běnchén; Jyutping: Bun2-can4) after becoming a monk.
  • Duan Zhengchun (Chinese: 段正淳; pinyin: Duàn Zhèngchún; Jyutping: Dyun6 Zeng3-seon4) is the Zhennan Prince of Dali and Duan Zhengming's younger brother. Notorious for his philandering ways, he conceives several illegitimate daughters with many different women in his younger days. Ironically, three of his daughters become romantically involved with Duan Yu, whom he raises as his son without knowing that Duan Yu was actually conceived out of a past illicit affair between his wife Dao Baifeng and Duan Yanqing, his distant cousin and future nemesis. After succeeding his brother as Dali's ruler, he is confronted on several occasions by Duan Yanqing, who attempts to force him to hand over his throne.
  • Gao Shengtai (Chinese: 高升泰; pinyin: Gāo Shēngtài; Jyutping: Go1 Sing1-taai3) is the Marquis of Shanchan. He rules Dali as a regent after Duan Zhengchun's death before passing the rulership to Duan Yu.
  • The four bodyguards of Duan Zhengchun are dedicated to protecting the prince and his family. Duan Zhengchun regards them as friends rather than subordinates. The four are:
  • Zhong Wanchou (traditional Chinese: 鍾萬仇; simplified Chinese: 钟万仇; pinyin: Zhōng Wànchóu; Jyutping: Zung1 Maan6-sau4), nicknamed "Horse Deity" (traditional Chinese: 馬王神; simplified Chinese: 马王神; pinyin: Mǎ Wáng Shén; Jyutping: Maa5 Wong4 San4), is the master of Wanjie Valley (萬劫谷) and Gan Baobao's husband. He is extremely protective of his wife and he hates Duan Zhengchun because he believes that Duan seduced his wife. He even placed a sign at the valley's entrance which reads: Any person with the family name "Duan" who enters this valley will be killed without exception (姓段者入此谷殺無赦).
  • Reverend Huangmei (traditional Chinese: 黃眉大師; simplified Chinese: 黄眉大师; pinyin: Huángméi Dàshī; Jyutping: Wong4-mei4 Daai6-si1) is the abbot of Nianhua Monastery (拈花寺) in Dali. He plays an important role in rescuing Duan Yu from Wanjie Valley: He distracts Duan Yanqing in a game of weiqi while Duan Zhengchun's men dig an underground tunnel leading to the room where Duan Yu is held captive.

Murong family[edit]

  • Murong Fu (traditional Chinese: 慕容復; simplified Chinese: 慕容复; pinyin: Mùróng Fù; Jyutping: Mou6-jung4 Fuk6), nicknamed "Southern Murong" (Chinese: 南慕容; pinyin: Nán Mùróng; Jyutping: Naam4 Mou6-jung4) by martial artists in the jianghu, is a descendant of the royal families of the Yan states (Southern Yan, Former Yan, Later Yan, etc.) in the Sixteen Kingdoms era. His father named him "Fu" (lit. "restore") to remind him to restore Yan. An egoistic, scheming and ruthless man, he resorts to all sorts of methods, including unscrupulous means, to revive his family's legacy and become an emperor. He is even willing to sever ties with his cousin Wang Yuyan, who has a crush on him, in order to realise his dream. He fails in his plan and becomes insane eventually. He is skilled in many forms of martial arts but specialises in none. His fighting style is described as "returning you with your own way" (以彼之道, 還之彼身) because he likes to use his opponents' signature moves against them.
  • Murong Bo (Chinese: 慕容博; pinyin: Mùróng Bó; Jyutping: Mou6-jung4 Bok3) is Murong Fu's father. He shared the same delusions of grandeur as his son and orchestrated the attack at Yanmen Pass that led to the death of Xiao Yuanshan's wife. He faked his own death, hid in Shaolin Monastery for many years, and secretly learnt skills from the manuals in the library. He is saved from death by the Sweeper Monk and decides to abandon his wild ambitions and become one of the Monk's apprentices.
  • A'bi (Chinese: 阿碧; pinyin: Ā'bì; Jyutping: Aa3-bik1) is a servant of the Murong family and Kang Guangling's apprentice. She and A'zhu once helped Duan Yu escape from Jiumozhi. She is very loyal to Murong Fu and continues serving him even after he becomes insane.

Duan Zhengchun's lovers[edit]

  • Dao Baifeng (traditional Chinese: 刀白鳳; simplified Chinese: 刀白凤; pinyin: Dāo Báifèng; Jyutping: Dou1 Baak6-fung6) is the Zhennan Princess Consort of Dali and Duan Zhengchun's formal spouse. She left her husband after discovering his extramarital relations and decided to have sex with an "inferior" man to make her husband angry. She had a one night stand with a filthy beggar, who was actually Duan Yanqing, and gave birth to Duan Yu later. She only reveals the truth to her son towards the end of the novel. In the latest edition of the novel, she points out to Duan Yu that he can marry all his cousins since the relations between him and them are so distant. She commits suicide soon after to join her dead husband.
  • Qin Hongmian (traditional Chinese: 秦紅棉; simplified Chinese: 秦红棉; pinyin: Qín Hóngmián; Jyutping: Ceon4 Hung4-min4) is nicknamed "Sura Dagger" (traditional Chinese: 修羅刀; simplified Chinese: 修罗刀; pinyin: Xiūluó Dāo; Jyutping: Sau1-lo4 Dou1). She left Duan Zhengchun in anger after learning of his illicit affairs with other women and called herself "Eerie Valley Dweller" (Chinese: 幽谷客; pinyin: Yōu Gǔ Kè; Jyutping: Jau1 Guk1 Haak3). She raised their daughter, Mu Wanqing, as her apprentice without telling her the truth about her parents until Mu finds out by herself. As Mu Wanqing's teacher, she taught her daughter martial arts and sent her to kill Duan Zhengchun's mistresses and other illegitimate children. She is eventually slain by Murong Fu, who was using her as a hostage to force Duan Zhengchun to relinquish the throne of Dali to Duan Yanqing.
  • Gan Baobao (traditional Chinese: 甘寶寶; simplified Chinese: 甘宝宝; pinyin: Gān Bǎobǎo; Jyutping: Gam1 Bou2-bou2) is Zhong Wanchou's wife. Her daughter Zhong Ling, whose father is Duan Zhengchun, was raised as Zhong Wanchou's child without Zhong Wanchou knowing the truth. Zhong Wanchou hates Duan Zhengchun and is extremely protective of his wife, but she still continues meeting Duan through the underground passage to her room. She is killed by Murong Fu.
  • Ruan Xingzhu (Chinese: 阮星竹; pinyin: Ruǎn Xīngzhú; Jyutping: Jyun2 Sing1-zuk1) is the mother of A'zhu and A'zi. As she bore her daughters out of wedlock, she decided to abandon them to protect Duan Zhengchun's reputation. Later, by chance, she is reunited with her daughters but only manages to identify A'zi; A'zhu is killed by Xiao Feng by mistake before she can reveal herself to her parents. She is killed by Murong Fu.
  • Li Qingluo (traditional Chinese: 李青蘿; simplified Chinese: 李青萝; pinyin: Lǐ Qīngluó; Jyutping: Lei5 Cing1-lo4), also known as Mrs. Wang (Chinese: 王夫人; pinyin: Wáng Fūrén; Jyutping: Wong4 Fu1-jan4) after her marriage, is the mistress of Mantuo Manor (曼陀山莊). She is Wang Yuyan's mother and Murong Fu's maternal aunt. After finding out about Duan Zhengchun's philandering ways, she hates men and cruelly orders the execution of those who cross her path. She prides herself on her island's tea leaves, and makes an exception to her intolerance of men by allowing Duan Yu to stay on the island as a caretaker for her tea flowers. She collaborates with Murong Fu and Duan Yanqing in an attempt to scare Duan Zhengchun and take revenge on him for betraying her love. However, she soon realises how far Murong Fu is willing to go in order to force Duan Zhengchun to give up the throne when her nephew starts killing all of Duan's mistresses. Murong Fu soon turns his blade towards her after Duan expresses his love for her. In an attempt to save her, Duan tells her that he hates her and will never love her after she conspired with her nephew. She kills herself in despair, but, shortly before her death, she is reassured by Duan that he really loves her.
  • Kang Min (Chinese: 康敏; pinyin: Kāng Mǐn; Jyutping: Hong1 Man5), also known as Mrs. Ma (traditional Chinese: 馬夫人; simplified Chinese: 马夫人; pinyin: Mǎ Fūrén; Jyutping: Maa5 Fu1-jan4) after her marriage to Ma Dayuan, is a treacherous and vicious woman. She seduces Bai Shijing and murders her husband with his help. She attempts to seduce Qiao Feng and marry him, as she admires him and wants to be the wife of the Beggars' Sect's chief. However, Qiao Feng rebuffs her and she hates him for rejecting her. She causes Qiao Feng to fall from grace by passing the letter with details about Qiao Feng's origin to Quan Guanqing and instigating Quan to incite the Beggars' Sect's members to turn against Qiao Feng. She later tricks Qiao Feng into believing that Duan Zhengchun killed his parents, causing Qiao to kill A'zhu by mistake. Duan Zhengchun visits her later to find out why she directed Qiao Feng to him. She uses the opportunity to take revenge on Duan for betraying her love by torturing him after tricking him into consuming a potion that temporarily weakens him. She is captured by the sadistic A'zi, who tortures and disfigures her in the name of avenging her dead sister. She dies of shock after seeing her reflection in a mirror.

Four Evils[edit]

The "Four Evils" (traditional Chinese: 天下四惡 / 四大惡人; simplified Chinese: 天下四恶 / 四大恶人; pinyin: Tiānxià Sì È / Sì Dà È Rén; Jyutping: Tin1-haa6 Sei3-ngok3 / Sei3 Daai6 Ngok3 Jan4) are a group of four eccentric martial artists notorious for committing heinous crimes. Their nicknames are Chinese idioms used to describe evil persons. The four are ranked in order of seniority:

  • Duan Yanqing (traditional Chinese: 段延慶; simplified Chinese: 段延庆; pinyin: Duàn Yánqìng; Jyutping: Dyun6 Jin4-hing3), nicknamed "Overflowing with Evil" (traditional Chinese: 惡貫滿盈; simplified Chinese: 恶贯满盈; pinyin: È Guàn Mǎn Yíng; Jyutping: Ngok3 Gun3 Mun5 Jing4), is a distant relative of Duan Zhengming and Duan Zhengchun, and the former crown prince of Dali. He was severely wounded in battle and was presumed dead. Duan Zhengming became the new king after his father's death. Feeling resentful that his right to being the ruler was taken from him, he attempts to seize back the throne by harming Duan Zhengchun and Duan Yu on several occasions. Although he appears to be a crippled old man on crutches, his inner energy and mastery of the Duan family's signature skill, the Yiyang Finger (一陽指), are extremely powerful. He has the ability to channel his inner energy to his abdomen and speak without using his vocal cords. He gives up on his quest to reclaim the throne and becomes a recluse when he realises that his biological son, Duan Yu, will eventually succeed Duan Zhengchun as the king of Dali.
  • Ye Erniang (traditional Chinese: 葉二娘; simplified Chinese: 叶二娘; pinyin: Yè Èrniáng; Jyutping: Jip6 Ji6-noeng4) is nicknamed "No Evil Left Undone" (traditional Chinese: 無惡不作; simplified Chinese: 无恶不作; pinyin: Wú È Bù Zuò; Jyutping: Mou4 Ngok3 Bat1 Zok3; i.e. commits all evils). She had a secret romance with Shaolin's abbot, Xuanci, and bore him a son, who was taken away from her by a masked attacker. She suffers from an emotional breakdown and resorts to kidnapping other people's babies and treating them as her own before killing them. (In the latest edition of the novel, she leaves the babies at strangers' homes after playing with them.) During the battle at Shaolin, she recognises Xuzhu as her son after seeing the joss stick burn marks on his back and reunites with him. She dies together with Xuanci after he publicly confesses his affair with her.
  • Yue Laosan (Chinese: 岳老三; pinyin: Yuè Lǎosān; Jyutping: Ngok6 Lou5-saam1), nicknamed "Ferocious Deity and Evil Devil" (traditional Chinese: 凶神惡煞; simplified Chinese: 凶神恶煞; pinyin: Xiōng Shén È Shà; Jyutping: Hung1 San4 Ngok3 Saat3), is also known as the "Crocodile Deity of the Southern Sea" (traditional Chinese: 南海鱷神; simplified Chinese: 南海鳄神; pinyin: Nánhǎi È Shén; Jyutping: Naam4-hoi2 Ngok6 San4). He is the most comical character in the novel because of his repeated (but unsuccessful) attempts to make Duan Yu his apprentice, which concluded with him being tricked into becoming the latter's apprentice instead. He often bickers with Ye Erniang and claims that he should be ranked second among the Four Evils, but concedes to her upon her death. Armed with a pair of giant scissors, he often threatens to kill people by breaking their necks. He is killed by Duan Yanqing while trying to save Duan Yu.
  • Yun Zhonghe (traditional Chinese: 雲中鶴; simplified Chinese: 云中鹤; pinyin: Yún Zhōnghè; Jyutping: Wan4 Zung1-hok6), nicknamed "Thoroughly Cruel, Utterly Evil" (traditional Chinese: 窮凶極惡; simplified Chinese: 穷凶极恶; pinyin: Qíong Xiōng Jí È; Jyutping: Kung4 Hung1 Gik6 Ngok3), is lecherous fiend who preys on young women. He is armed with an iron staff and relies on his formidable prowess in qinggong to pursue and flee from enemies. He is viciously killed by Duan Yu when he attempts to make sexual advances on Wang Yuyan.

Shaolin Sect[edit]

See also: Shaolin Sect
  • Xuanci (Chinese: 玄慈; pinyin: Xuáncí; Jyutping: Jyun4-ci4) is the abbot of Shaolin. He had a secret romance with Ye Erniang, who bore him a son without his knowledge. Their child was taken away by a masked attacker and left in the garden of Shaolin. The monks found the baby, decided to raise him as one of them, and named him "Xuzhu". Xuanci is actually the mysterious "Leading Big Brother" (traditional Chinese: 帶頭大哥; simplified Chinese: 带头大哥; pinyin: Dàitóu Dàgē; Jyutping: Daai3-tau4 Daai6-go1) who led the attack on Xiao Yuanshan's family at Yanmen Pass several years ago, because he was provided with misleading information by Murong Bo. Towards the end of the novel, he publicly confesses his affair with Ye Erniang and dies in peace after accepting punishment for his misconduct.
  • The Sweeper Monk (traditional Chinese: 掃地僧; simplified Chinese: 扫地僧; pinyin: Sǎodì Sēng; Jyutping: Sou2-dei6 Sang1) is a nameless monk of unknown origin in charge of maintaining the library of Shaolin. He defeats Xiao Yuanshan and Murong Bo and puts them to sleep while clearing their minds of their delusional ambitions. When the two of them recover from their trance, they are very grateful to him and become his apprentices. The Monk's prowess in inner energy and martial arts is so powerful that even Xiao Feng's "Eighteen Dragon Subduing Palms" has almost no effect on him.

Beggars' Sect[edit]

See also: Beggars' Sect
  • Ma Dayuan (traditional Chinese: 馬大元; simplified Chinese: 马大元; pinyin: Mǎ Dàyuán; Jyutping: Maa5 Daai6-jyun4) is the deputy chief of the sect. A righteous and humble man, he is respected by his fellows. He holds the secret letter that contains details about Qiao Feng's origin but has never opened it. His wicked wife, Kang Min, seduces Bai Shijing and instigates Bai to murder her husband. Bai uses Ma's signature move "Throat Locking Grapple" (鎖喉擒拿手) to kill him and attempts to push the blame to Murong Fu because the manner of killing clearly fits Murong's "returning you with your own way" style.
  • Quan Guanqing (Chinese: 全冠清; pinyin: Quán Guànqīng; Jyutping: Cyun4 Gun3-cing1), nicknamed "All Rounded Scholar" (Chinese: 十方秀才; pinyin: Shífāng Xiùcái; Jyutping: Sap6-fong1 Sau3-coi4), is a treacherous minor leader of the sect. He was seduced by Kang Min and instigated by her to incite his fellows to rebel against Qiao Feng. Later, he meets Zhuang Juxian (You Tanzhi) and manipulates him to be the sect's new chief. Zhuang is actually a puppet chief acting under Quan's instructions. Quan attempts to flee after the battle at Shaolin, but the Beggars' Sect's elders catch up with him and kill him.
  • Bai Shijing (traditional Chinese: 白世鏡; simplified Chinese: 白世镜; pinyin: Bái Shìjìng; Jyutping: Baak6 Sai3-geng3) is the elder in charge of maintaining discipline in the sect. He is seduced by Kang Min and instigated by her to murder Ma Dayuan. He is killed by a masked Xiao Yuanshan.
  • Xu Chongxiao (traditional Chinese: 徐沖霄; simplified Chinese: 徐冲霄; pinyin: Xú Chōngxiāo; Jyutping: Ceoi4 Cung1-siu1) is a retired elder of the sect who appears at the meeting in Apricot Forest to affirm that the contents of the letter about Qiao Feng's origin are genuine. He was murdered by a masked assailant (later revealed to be Xiao Yuanshan) just before Qiao Feng comes to ask him about the true identity of the "Leading Big Brother". Qiao Feng was accused of being the murderer.
  • Wang Jiantong (traditional Chinese: 汪劍通; simplified Chinese: 汪剑通; pinyin: Wāng Jiàntōng; Jyutping: Wong1 Gim3-tung1), nicknamed "Sword Beard" (traditional Chinese: 劍髯; simplified Chinese: 剑髯; pinyin: Jiàn Rán; Jyutping: Gim3 Jim4), was Qiao Feng's predecessor as the chief of the sect. He was involved in the attack on Xiao Yuanshan's family. He held a letter from the "Leading Big Brother" containing details about Qiao Feng's origin and sealed it and passed it to Ma Dayuan before his death. He also gave instructions that the letter can only be opened in the presence of the sect's elders if Ma dies under suspicious circumstances. He died of natural causes before the events of the novel take place.

Carefree Sect and associates[edit]

  • Wuyazi (traditional Chinese: 無崖子; simplified Chinese: 无崖子; pinyin: Wúyázǐ; Jyutping: Mou4-ngaai4-zi2) is the leader of the Carefree Sect (逍遙派). He was ambushed and thrown off a cliff by Li Qiushui and Ding Chunqiu after he discovered their affair. He has incredible inner energy but is unable to take revenge on Ding as he was crippled by the fall. Before dying, he transfers his 70 years worth of inner energy to Xuzhu and names Xuzhu his successor. He gives Xuzhu a painting of a woman who looks like Wang Yuyan and tells Xuzhu to look for her. He also mentions that the woman in the painting is his true love, who is actually Li Qiushui's younger sister.
  • Li Qiushui (Chinese: 李秋水; pinyin: Lǐ Qiūshuǐ; Jyutping: Lei5 Cau1-seoi2) is Wuyazi's junior and the love rival of Tianshan Tonglao. Her younger sister, who is identical to her in appearance, is actually Wuyazi's true love. She had an affair with Ding Chunqiu when Wuyazi neglected her and conceived a daughter, Li Qingluo. She later married a prince of Western Xia and became a princess consort. She dies together with Tianshan Tonglao after they finally realise that Wuyazi loves neither of them.
  • Su Xinghe (traditional Chinese: 蘇星河; simplified Chinese: 苏星河; pinyin: Sū Xīnghé; Jyutping: Sou1 Sing1-ho4), nicknamed "Deaf Mute Old Man" (traditional Chinese: 聾啞老人; simplified Chinese: 聋哑老人; pinyin: Lóngyǎ Lǎorén; Jyutping: Lung4-aa2 Lou5-jan4) and "Intelligent Gentleman" (traditional Chinese: 聰辯先生; simplified Chinese: 聪辩先生; pinyin: Cōngbiàn Xiānshēng; Jyutping: Cung1-bin6 Sin1-sang1), is Wuyazi's eldest apprentice. He indulged in various types of arts and neglected his martial arts practice. He saved Wuyazi after the latter was thrown off a cliff by Ding Chunqiu. He pretended to be mute and deaf and founded the Deaf Mute Sect later and accepted the "Eight Friends of Hangu" as his students. He dies after being poisoned by Ding Chunqiu.

Lingjiu Palace[edit]

  • Tianshan Tonglao (Chinese: 天山童姥; pinyin: Tiānshān Tónglǎo; Jyutping: Tin1-saan1 Tung4-lou5; literally: "Child Old Woman of Mount Heaven") is Wuyazi's senior and the ruler of Lingjiu Palace (靈鷲宮) on Mount Heaven. She mastered a powerful skill that increased her powers but one of its side effects is that she will maintain her present body size regardless of age. She is already in her late 90s when the events of the novel take place, but since she started practising the skill in her childhood, her body is that of a child's, hence her name. She is renowned for being a fearsome leader, and many martial artists have been poisoned by her and forced to carry out her orders. If they fail to obey, no antidote is given and they die. When she is in a weakened state, Xuzhu saves her from a mob of angry martial artists who do not realise who she is and want to kill her. She likes Xuzhu and teaches him martial arts. After Xuzhu gives her the Carefree Sect's ring, which belongs only to the leader, she decides that he will be her successor. However, Xuzhu is unwilling because he sees himself as a Shaolin monk. In order to force Xuzhu to break the Buddhist code of conduct so that he can no longer be a monk, she captures Princess Yinchuan, gives her an aphrodisiac, and puts her on Xuzhu's bed. Xuzhu makes love with the princess and eventually accepts Tianshan Tonglao's tutelage in martial arts. Tianshan Tonglao dies from exhaustion after her final fight with Li Qiushui.

Xingxiu Sect[edit]

  • Ding Chunqiu (Chinese: 丁春秋; pinyin: Dīng Chūnqiū; Jyutping: Ding1 Ceon1-cau1), nicknamed "Old Freak of Xingxiu" (Chinese: 星宿老怪; pinyin: Xīngxiù Lǎoguài; Jyutping: Sing1-sau3 Lou5-gwaai3), is Wuyazi's former apprentice. He attempted to murder his master by ambushing him and throwing him off a cliff. He later founded the Xingxiu Sect (星宿派), which specialises in toxicology and poison-based martial arts. He is defeated by Xuzhu and implanted with the "Life and Death Talisman" (生死符). He is eventually imprisoned in Shaolin and given an antidote to temporarily ease his agony if he behaves well.

Liao dynasty[edit]

  • Yelü Hongji (Chinese: 耶律洪基; pinyin: Yēlǜ Hóngjī; Jyutping: Je4-leot6 Hung4-gei1) is the ambitious ruler of Liao. He once led a raid on the Jurchens but was defeated and captured by Xiao Feng. Xiao spares his life and becomes sworn brothers with him. Xiao Feng helps him suppress a rebellion later and he rewards Xiao by granting him nobility. Towards the end of the novel, he orders Xiao Feng to lead his army to attack the Song Empire but Xiao refuses so he has Xiao imprisoned. In the last chapter, he is taken hostage by Xiao Feng, who forces him to swear that he will not allow any Liao soldier to cross the border and attack Song for as long as he lives.
  • Yelü Nielugu (traditional Chinese: 耶律涅魯古; simplified Chinese: 耶律涅鲁古; pinyin: Yēlǜ Nièlǔgǔ; Jyutping: Je4-leot6 Nip6-lou5-gu2) is Yelü Chongyuan's son and the "Great Prince of the South Palace" (南院大王) of Liao. He rebels against Yelü Hongji to help his father seize the throne but is defeated and slain by Xiao Feng. Yelü Hongji then gives Nielugu's palace and title to Xiao Feng.
  • Yelü Chongyuan (Chinese: 耶律重元; pinyin: Yēlǜ Chóngyuán; Jyutping: Je4-leot6 Cung4-jyun4) is an uncle of Yelü Hongji and a field commander of the Liao army. He is instigated by his son Yelü Nielugu to rebel against Yelü Hongji but the revolt is suppressed and he commits suicide.
  • Noble Consort Mu (traditional Chinese: 穆貴妃; simplified Chinese: 穆贵妃; pinyin: Mù Guìfēi; Jyutping: Muk6 Gwai3-fei1) is Yelü Hongji's favourite concubine. She tricks A'zi into giving Xiao Feng a "love potion", which is actually a drug that will cause Xiao Feng to be temporarily weakened.

Western Xia[edit]

  • Princess Yinchuan (traditional Chinese: 銀川公主; simplified Chinese: 银川公主; pinyin: Yínchuān Gōngzhǔ; Jyutping: Ngan4-cyun1 Gung1-zyu2) is a princess of Western Xia who marries Xuzhu. Her name is Li Qinglu (Chinese: 李清露; pinyin: Lǐ Qīnglù; Jyutping: Lei5 Cing1-lou6) in the latest revision of the novel. She was abducted by Tianshan Tonglao and brought to make love with Xuzhu every night, as part of Tianshan Tonglao's attempt to tempt Xuzhu into breaking the Buddhist code of conduct. She has never clearly seen Xuzhu's appearance and only knows him as her "dream lover". She later asks her father to send out an invitation calling for martial artists from all over the jianghu to attend a contest to win her hand-in-marriage. She secretly hopes that her "dream lover" will show up and her wish is fulfilled when Xuzhu participates in the contest and provides the correct response to her question. She recognises him as her "dream lover" and marries him.
  • Helian Tieshu (traditional Chinese: 赫連鐵樹; simplified Chinese: 赫连铁树; pinyin: Hèlián Tiěshù; Jyutping: Hak1-lin4 Tit3-syu6) is the "East Conquering General" (征東將軍) of Western Xia. He is also in charge of First Class Hall (一品堂), an organisation established by the Western Xia government to recruit martial artists to serve as mercenaries.

Jurchen tribe[edit]

Heroes' Gathering Manor[edit]

  • You Tanzhi (Chinese: 游坦之; pinyin: Yóu Tǎnzhī; Jyutping: Jau4 Taan2-zi1) is the heir to Heroes' Gathering Manor (聚賢莊; Ju Xian Zhuang), owned by his father You Ji and uncle You Ju. The manor hosts a meeting for the Han Chinese wulin (martial artists' community) to discuss plans to deal with Qiao Feng, who is seen as a threat to the wulin after he is wrongly accused of committing several murders. Qiao Feng appears at the gathering and engages the martial artists in a battle. The You brothers are defeated and they commit suicide in shame. You Tanzhi becomes a pauper and orphan overnight, and he bears a grudge against Qiao Feng for his plight. You Tanzhi is captured by raiding Liao soldiers at the border and sold into slavery. He meets Qiao Feng (renamed to Xiao Feng) again and attempts to kill him but fails. Xiao Feng lets him go, but A'zi captures him after he is released. While A'zi tortures him for her sadistic amusement, he is so entranced by her beauty that he develops a crush on her and willingly succumbs to her commands and becomes her source of entertainment. A'zi forces You Tanzhi to have an iron mask welded onto his head to conceal his identity. This causes You's face to be marred and disfigured, and he is nicknamed "Iron Clown" (traditional Chinese: 鐵丑; simplified Chinese: 铁丑; pinyin: Tiě Chǒu; Jyutping: Tit3 Cau2) by A'zi. You Tanzhi eventually discovers A'zi using her stolen shenmu wangding (神木王鼎) to practise the venom-based martial arts of the Xinxiu Sect. She enlists his help in helping her to finish practising, as this skill requires the user to feed venomous creatures with his/her blood. You Tanzhi willingly sacrifices himself and allows the poisonous insects to bite him. A'zi leaves him to die but he finds the Yijin Jing by chance and uses the skills in the manual to purge the poison from his body. He returns to A'zi and repeats the bizarre ritual with her numerous times. He is eventually bitten by the Icy Worm, an extremely rare and poisonous creature, and masters a powerful skill that allows him to project streams of energy containing icy venom. After A'zi is blinded by Ding Chunqiu, You Tanzhi saves her and promises her he will always take care of her. She does not realise who he is, and he lies to her that his name is Zhuang Juxian (traditional Chinese: 莊聚賢; simplified Chinese: 庄聚贤; pinyin: Zhuāng Jùxián; Jyutping: Zong1 Zeoi6-jin4; a new name he thought of by rearranging the three Chinese characters that make up the name of his old home). You Tanzhi later meets Quan Guanqing, who helps him remove the iron mask but also manipulates him into becoming the new chief of the Beggars' Sect under his new name "Zhuang Juxian". You is actually a puppet chief under the control of Quan, who instigates him to challenge the Shaolin Sect. At Shaolin, You Tanzhi sees A'zi being captured and held hostage by Ding Chunqiu, who threatens to kill her if You Tanzhi does not kneel down and call him "Master". You Tanzhi, in his capacity as the Beggars' Sect's chief, agrees to Ding's demands in front of everyone present there. After the battle at Shaolin, You Tanzhi is denounced as a traitor of the Beggars' Sect and the wulin because he yielded to Ding Chunqiu earlier; he becomes an outcast as a consequence. You Tanzhi is still unwilling to give up his love for A'zi and follows her everywhere. He decides to give up his eyes to help her regain her sense of sight after she is blinded by Ding Chunqiu, in the hope of winning some love and sympathy from her, but she despises him even more. He follows suit after A'zi commits suicide.
  • You Ji (Chinese: 游骥; pinyin: Yóu Jì; Jyutping: Jau4 Kei3) and You Ju (traditional Chinese: 游駒; simplified Chinese: 游驹; pinyin: Yóu Jū; Jyutping: Jau4 Keoi1) are the brothers who own the Heroes' Gathering Manor. Along with the physician Xue Muhua, they host a meeting of the Han Chinese wulin at the manor to discuss plans to deal with Qiao Feng. Qiao Feng shows up at the manor to find Xue Muhua to heal A'zhu. The martial artists confront him and the situation escalates into a battle after Qiao Feng toasts to break ties with many of his old friends and acquaintances. The You brothers lose to Qiao Feng in a fight and their weapons (also their family heirlooms) are shattered. They commit suicide in shame, causing You Tanzhi to become traumatised. You Tanzhi has since bore a grudge against Qiao Feng for the destruction of his family.

Limitless Sword Sect[edit]

The Limitless Sword Sect (無量劍派) is based on Mount Wuliang (無量山) in Dali. It is renamed "Limitless Cave" after it becomes a subject of Lingjiu Palace.

Heavenly Dragon Monastery[edit]

The Heavenly Dragon Monastery (天龍寺) is a Buddhist monastery located in Dali. Some of the monks are former members of Dali's royal family.

Lords of the 36 Caves and 72 Islands[edit]

The Lords of the 36 Caves and 72 Islands (三十六洞洞主、七十二島島主) are a loose assembly of martial artists who were forced into submission by Tianshan Tonglao. They were treated harshly by her and later rebelled against her. They include:

Funiu Sect[edit]

  • Ke Baisui (traditional Chinese: 柯百歲; simplified Chinese: 柯百岁; pinyin: Kē Bǎisuì; Jyutping: O1 Baak3-seoi3) is the chief of the Funiu Sect (伏牛派). He is murdered by an unknown assailant (later revealed to be Murong Bo), who used his signature martial arts technique to kill him. Murong Fu was suspected of being the murderer.
  • Cui Baiquan (Chinese: 崔百泉; pinyin: Cuī Bǎiquán; Jyutping: Ceoi1 Baak3-cyun4), nicknamed "Golden Abacus" (traditional Chinese: 金算盤; simplified Chinese: 金算盘; pinyin: Jīn Suànpán; Jyutping: Gam1 Syun3-pun4), is Ke Baisui's junior. In the past, he offended the Murong family and was forced to take shelter in Dali, where he assumes a new identity as an assistant to the accountant in the prince's residence. He spends most of his time drinking and gambling. Duan Yu befriends him through playing weiqi with him.


  • Jiumozhi (traditional Chinese: 鳩摩智; simplified Chinese: 鸠摩智; pinyin: Jiūmózhì; Jyutping: Kau2-mo1-zi3) is the royal advisor of Tubo and a reputable monk from Dalun Temple (大輪寺). He is well versed in Buddhism and martial arts, but does not follow the Buddhist code of conduct – the "sins" he committed include his obsession to become the most powerful fighter in the wulin. He attempts to take the "Six Meridians Divine Sword" manual from Heavenly Dragon Monastery, but the book is destroyed by Kurong. When he learns that Duan Yu has memorised the book, he kidnaps Duan and tries to con or intimidate him to write the manual from memory, but Duan escapes with the help of A'zhu and A'bi. He almost dies from an imbalance of inner energy due to compulsive training, but Duan Yu saves his life by draining away the energy. He feels grateful to Duan despite losing everything he had built up through years of practice, and repents after seeing how his delusional dream had caused him to stray from the path of goodness.
  • Xiao Yuanshan (traditional Chinese: 蕭遠山; simplified Chinese: 萧远山; pinyin: Xiāo Yuǎnshān; Jyutping: Siu1 Jyun5-saan1) is Xiao Feng's father. 30 years ago, he and his family were attacked by a group of masked assailants at Yanmen Pass and his wife was killed. He attempted suicide by jumping off a cliff but survived. He remains in hiding in Shaolin's library while secretly plotting revenge on Xuanci, whom he has identified as the attackers' leader. He is enlightened by the Sweeper Monk, who puts him to sleep and clears his mind of thoughts of vengeance. He feels grateful and decides to become the Monk's apprentice.
  • Shan Zheng (traditional Chinese: 單正; simplified Chinese: 单正; pinyin: Shàn Zhèng; Jyutping: Sin4 Zeng3), nicknamed "Stern Faced Judge" (traditional Chinese: 鐵面判官; simplified Chinese: 铁面判官; pinyin: Tiěmiàn Pànguān; Jyutping: Tit3-min6 Pun3-gun1), is a reputable martial artist from Mount Tai. He was present at the Beggars' Sect's meeting in Apricot Forest and is one of the few who know the "Leading Big Brother"'s true identity. He and his family are killed in a fire set by Xiao Yuanshan. Qiao Feng was blamed for their deaths until the truth is revealed.
  • Zhao Qiansun (traditional Chinese: 趙錢孫; simplified Chinese: 赵钱孙; pinyin: Zhào Qiánsūn; Jyutping: Ziu6 Cin4-syun1) is a cowardly martial artist who was involved in the attack on Xiao Yuanshan's family. He has a crush on Tan Po since their younger days and continues to meet her behind her husband's back to reminisce their good old times. He is killed by Xiao Yuanshan. Qiao Feng was accused of being the murderer until the truth is revealed. The three Chinese characters that make up his name are incidentally the first three surnames in the Hundred Family Surnames.
  • Reverend Zhiguang (traditional Chinese: 智光大師; simplified Chinese: 智光大师; pinyin: Zhìguāng Dàshī; Jyutping: Zi3-gwong1 Daai6-si1) is a reputable monk from Mount Tiantai who was involved in the attack on Xiao Yuanshan's family. He was present at the Beggars' Sect's meeting in Apricot Forest. He commits suicide after refusing to reveal to Qiao Feng the identity of the "Leading Big Brother".
  • Qiao Sanhuai (traditional Chinese: 喬三槐; simplified Chinese: 乔三槐; pinyin: Qiáo Sānhuái; Jyutping: Kiu4 Saam1-waai4) is Xiao Feng's adoptive father. He is killed along with his wife by Xiao Yuanshan for not telling their adoptive son about his true parentage.