Duane D. Pearsall
|Duane D. Pearsall|
|Born||Duane D. Pearsall
March 3, 1922
|Died||April 11, 2010
|Education||General Motors Institute, University of Denver|
|Children||Mark, Maryann, Craig, Cynthia|
|Institution memberships||Pearsall Company, Stratitrol Corporation|
|Significant projects||Invention of the first battery-powered ionisation smoke detector.|
|Significant awards||Small Business Person of the Year (Colorado), National Small Business Person of the Year, Fire Protection Man of the Year, Center for Fire Safety Studies Herrick Drake Commemorative Award|
Duane D. "Dewey" Pearsall (3 March 1922 – 11 April 2010) was an American engineer, inventor, and entrepreneur best known for co-inventing the battery-powered smoke detector with Stanley Bennett Peterson in 1965.
Pearsall was born in Pontiac, Michigan on 3 March 1922. He attended high school in Keego Harbor, Michigan and attended General Motors Institute (now Kettering University) from 1940 to 1942. He served in World War II from 1942 to 1945 in the Naval Air Corps, first as a navigator on a submarine patrol and later as a pilot. He also married Marjorie Fewell in 1945. They have four children: Mark, Maryann, Craig, and Cynthia. After the war, he attended the University of Denver and graduated in 1947 with a Bachelor of Arts and Science degree. He then served in the Naval Air Reserve at Buckley Field from 1948 to 1954.
Business and engineering career
Pearsall worked with Honeywell Corporation for seven years before founding the Pearsall Company in 1955. Pearsall founded Stratitrol Corporation in Lakewood, Colorado in 1963. A few months later[clarification needed] Lyman Blackwell, one of Pearsall's engineers at Stratitrol improvised a test to measure the flow of ions in an airstream discharging from a generator. The experiment failed, but the ion metre only showed reading when a technician, smoking nearby, exhaled smoke into the fan inlet of the generator. Pearsall realised that the basic ionisation technology of this device could also be used for smoke detection. This accidental discovery was similar to a discovery made by Swiss physicist Walter Jaeger in the late 1930s. In 1965 Pearsall and co-worker Stanley Bennett Peterson invented a smoke detector powered by a battery which could be easily installed and replaced. These first units were dubbed "SmokeGard 700," and were made from strong fire resistant steel and shaped much like bee hives. Shortly after his invention, he began working with the National Fire Protection Association (NFPA). His work with NFPA would eventually lead to the change of the uniform building codes to require smoke detectors in new construction. Peterson came up with the idea for mass production of the detectors at Stratitrol Corporation in 1975.
Pearsall sold Stratitrol in 1977. Later into his life Pearsall founded several companies and retired three separate times. He was a spokesman for several small businesses he considered to be the "backbone of the nation's economy." He travelled to Washington, D.C. multiple times to testify before Congressional committees on small business issues. Pearsall helped found the Small Business Council of the U.S. Chamber of Commerce in 1976, and was chairman of the Colorado Small Business Council in 1979. From 1975 to 1978, he served as a director of the Denver Chamber of Commerce, and from 1982 to 1989, he was a director of the Colorado Association of Commerce and Industry, serving as its chairman from 1985 to 1986. In 1983, Pearsall co-founded Columbine Venture Funds, an organisation specialising in new technology located in Denver.
Awards and Legacy
Pearsall has won several awards and honours for his contributions to fire safety. In 1976, the Small Business Administration named Pearsall as Small Business Person of the Year for Colorado. That same year President Gerald Ford presented him with the National Small Business Person of the Year award. The Society of Fire Protection Engineers recognised him as Fire Protection Man of the Year in 1980. Pearsall was a charter member of the Worcester Polytechnic Institute's Fire Protection Engineering Board of Advisers and helped create the university's fire protection engineering program, now recognised as one of the leading fire safety study programs in the world. The university has honored him with an honorary doctorate and named him the first recipient of the Center for Fire Safety Studies Herrick Drake Commemorative Award in 1987. In 1996, WPI awarded him an honorary doctorate degree in science and in 2004 presented him with the WPI Presidential Medal.
The Rockies Venture Club, an organisation that helps entrepreneurs obtain funding, established the Duane Pearsall Entrepreneurial Award, given at irregular intervals to noteworthy business owners in Colorado. Recipients have included John Elway, Roy Romer, Bill Daniels (posthumously), John Hickenlooper, and Rick Patch.
- "Duane Pearsall, inventor of smoke detector, dies in Denver". Summit Daily (Summit County, Colorado: Swift Communications, Inc.). 15 April 2010. Retrieved 13 June 2014.
- "Duane Pearsall, smoke-detector pioneer, dies at 88". Denver Business Journal (Denver, Colorado: American City Business Journals). 15 April 2010. Retrieved 11 June 2014.
- "Home smoke detector inventor dies". University of Denver Magazine (Denver, Colorado). 5 May 2010. Retrieved 22 July 2014.
- "How to Protect Your Home From Thieves". Popular Mechanics (Hearst Magazines) 157 (1): 155. January 1982. Retrieved 24 July 2014.
- Lucht, David A. (1 March 2013). "Where's There's Smoke". NFPA Journal (National Fire Protection Association).
- "NRC: Fact Sheet on Smoke Detectors". NRC.gov. United States Nuclear Regulation Commission. 4 September 2013. Retrieved 9 June 2014.
- Ha, Peter (25 October 2010). "Smoke Detector". Time Magazine (Time, Inc.) (ALL-TIME 100 Gadgets): 1. Retrieved 9 June 2014.
- Voluntary Standards and Accreditation Act of 1977, Act No. S. 825 of 1 March 1977 (in English). Retrieved on 24 July 2014.
- Essays, UK (November 2013). "History And Properties Of Fire Alarms Engineering Essay". Nottingham, UK: UKEssays.com. Retrieved 9 June 2014.
- "Gordon Library:Recipient Profiles - WPI". Wpi.edu. Worcester Polytechnic Institute. 1 April 2004. Retrieved 11 June 2014.
- Duane Pearsall Collection
- Pearsall, Duane D. (2009). My Life Unfolded. Retrieved 22 July 2014.