|This article needs additional citations for verification. (May 2012)|
|Born||January 17, 1925
|Died||January 6, 1996
Boca Raton, Florida
|Training||BA, 1946, Macalester College, Saint Paul, Minnesota
MFA, 1951, Cranbrook Academy of Art, Bloomfield Hills, Michigan
Duane Hanson (January 17, 1925 – January 6, 1996) was an American artist based in South Florida but was born in Minnesota, a sculptor known for his lifecast realistic works of people, cast in various materials, including polyester resin, fiberglass, Bondo, or bronze. His work is often associated with the Pop Art movement, as well as hyperrealism.
Duane Hanson was born January 17, 1925, in Alexandria, Minnesota. After attendance at Luther College and the University of Washington, he graduated from Macalaster College in 1946. Following a period teaching high school art, he received a Master of Fine Arts degree from the Cranbrook Academy of Art in Bloomfield Hills in 1951.
Career and style
Around 1966 Hanson began making figural casts using fiberglass and vinyl. Works that first brought him notice were of figures grouped in tableaux, usually of brutal and violent subjects, somewhat similar to the work of Edward Kienholz. Hanson's Abortion (1966) was inspired by the horrors of a backroom procedure, and Accident (1950) showed a motorcycle crash. Race Riot (1969–1971) included among its seven figures a white policeman terrorizing an African American man as well as an African American rioter attacking the policeman. Other works which dealt with physical violence or other explosive social issues of the 1960s were Riot (1967), Football Players (1969), and Vietnam Scene (1969).
These sculptures, cast from actual people, were made of fiberglass, and painted to make the revealed skin look realistic, with veins and blemishes. Hanson then clothed the figures with garments from second-hand clothing stores and theatrically arranged the action. Clearly these works contained strong social comment, and can be seen as modern parallels to the concerns of 19th-century French Realists such as Honoré Daumier and Jean-François Millet, artists Hanson admired.
Around 1970, Hanson abandoned such gut-wrenching subjects for more subtle, though no less vivid ones. In that year he made the Supermarket Shopper, Hardhat, and Tourists; Woman Eating was completed in 1971. These were also life-sized, clothed, fiberglass figures. Unlike the earlier works, however, these were single or paired figures, not overtly engaged in a violent activity.
Furthermore, whereas the earlier works tended to be more contained spatially, the later figures had no clearly-defined boundaries separating them from the viewer. They quite literally inhabited the viewer's space—with amusing results at times, as in the cases of Reading Man (1977) or Photographer (1978). Hanson sometimes cast his own children in his work, as in Cheerleader (1988), and Surfer (1987).
The following collections hold sculptures by Duane Hanson:
- Boca Raton Museum of Art, Boca Raton, FL daccord
- Corcoran Gallery of Art, Washington, DC
- Flint Institute of Arts, Flint, MI
- Honolulu Museum of Art, Honolulu, HI
- Hunter Museum of American Art, Chattanooga, TN
- Kresge Art Museum, Michigan State University, East Lansing, MI
- Lowe Art Museum, University of Miami, Coral Gables, FL
- Milwaukee Art Museum, Milwaukee, WI
- Nelson-Atkins Museum of Art, Kansas City, MO
- Pennsylvania Academy of the Fine Arts, Philadelphia, PA
- Saatchi Gallery, London
- St. Louis Art Museum, St. Louis, MO
- Scottish National Gallery of Modern Art, Edinburgh
- Smithsonian American Art Museum, Washington DC
- Museum Ludwig, Cologne Germany
- Whitney Museum of American Art, New York City
- Iris & B. Gerald Cantor Center for Visual Arts, Stanford, CA
- John De Andrea
- Hyperrealism (painting) and sculpture
- Ron Mueck
- George Segal
- Marc Sijan
- Is Duane Hanson the Phidias of Our Time?, Kimmelman, Michael. The New York Times. 27 February 1994.
- Duane Hanson in AskArt.com
- Duane Hanson's Slab man sculpture at Cantor Arts Center, Stanford, CA
- The main works of Duane Hanson
- Portraits from the Heartland
- Duane Hanson biography
- Duane Hanson: A Master Returns, Oglethopre University online exhibition
- Images of Duane Hanson works posted on the Saatchi Gallery, UK, website