Dubăsari

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Dubăsari
Dubăsari is located in Transnistria
Dubăsari
Dubăsari
Location within Transnistria
Coordinates: 47°16′N 29°10′E / 47.267°N 29.167°E / 47.267; 29.167Coordinates: 47°16′N 29°10′E / 47.267°N 29.167°E / 47.267; 29.167
Country  Moldova
County Transnistria
Population (2004)
 • Total 28,500
Time zone EET (UTC+2)
 • Summer (DST) EEST (UTC+3)
Website http://www.dubossary.com/

Dubăsari (Romanian pronunciation: [dubəˈsarʲ]; Russian: Дубоссары; Ukrainian: Дубоссари, sometimes Dubossary in English) is a city in Transnistria, with a population of 23,650. The city is under the administration of the breakaway government of the Pridnestrovian Moldavian Republic, and functions as the seat of the Dubăsari District, Moldova.

Name[edit]

The origin of the town name is the plural form of the Romanian archaic word dubăsar ("boatman"), a derivative of dubă ("a small wooden boat"), so "Dubăsari" means "boatmen".

History[edit]

Dubăsari is the site of one of the oldest settlements in Moldova, and the Transnistrian region. Stone age artifacts have been found in the area, and there are several kurgans (presumed Scythian) around the city. First mentions of modern Dubăsari date to the beginning of the 16th century, as a fair populated by Moldavian peasants. The settlement became part of the Russian Empire in 1792, and was granted city status in 1795. It was part of Kherson Governorate from 1803 to 1922.

In 1924-1940, Dubăsari was part of the Soviet-created Moldavian ASSR. The town was heavily industrialized during the pre-WWII period. In the course of World War II, in 1940, when Bessarabia was occupied by the Soviet Union, it became part of the newly created Moldavian SSR. On 27 June 1941, the town was occupied by German and Romanian troops. It was re-captured by Soviet forces in the summer of 1944.

In 1951-1954, the Dubăsari dam, and a 48 MW hydroelectric power plant Dubossarskaya GES was constructed, and Dubossary Reservoir was formed.

Dubăsari and its suburbs were the site of major conflict during 1990-1992, that eventually degenerated in the War of Transnistria (1992). Since then, it has been controlled by the breakaway administration of Transnistria.

The city's economy was significantly damaged during the war in 1992.

Population[edit]

Дубоссары ГЭС.jpg

In 1989, the population of the city was 35,806, including 15,414 Moldovans, 10,718 Ukrainians, 8,087 Russians, and 1,587 others. According to the 2004 Census in Transnistria, the city had 23,650 inhabitants,[1] including 8,954 Moldovans, 8,062 Ukrainians, 5,891 Russians, 153 Belarussians, 104 Bulgarians, 90 Armenians, 49 Poles, 66 Gagauzians, 46 Jews, 39 Germans, 31 Gypsies, and 165 others and non-declared.

Notable natives[edit]

References[edit]

External links[edit]