Dublin City (UK Parliament constituency)

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Dublin City
Former Borough constituency
for the House of Commons
18011885
Replaced by Dublin College Green, Dublin Harbour, Dublin St Stephen's Green and Dublin St Patrick's

Dublin City was an Irish Borough constituency in the House of Commons of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland. It comprised the city of Dublin in the county of Dublin, and was represented by two Members of Parliament from its creation in 1801 until 1885.

In 1885, Dublin City was split into four divisions which were separate single member constituencies: Dublin College Green, Dublin Harbour, Dublin St Stephen's Green and Dublin St Patrick's.

Boundaries[edit]

The city of Dublin was accounted a county of itself, although it remained connected with County Dublin for certain purposes. A Topographical Directory of Ireland, published in 1837, describes the Parliamentary history of the city.

The city returns two members to the Imperial parliament; the right of election, formerly vested in the corporation, freemen, and 40s. freeholders, has been extended to the £10 householders, and £20 and £10 leaseholders for the respective terms of 14 and 20 years, by the act of the 2nd of William IV., cap. 88. The number of voters registered at the first general election under that act was 7041, of which number, 5126 voted. The limits of the city, for electoral purposes, include an area of 3538 statute acres, the boundaries of which are minutely detailed in the Appendix; the number of freemen is about 3500, of whom 2500 are resident and 1000 non-resident, and the number of £10 houses is 16,000 : the sheriffs are the returning officers.

The boundary from 1832, defined in the Parliamentary Boundaries (Ireland) Act 1832 (c. 89 2& 3 Will. 4), was as follows.

The County of the City of Dublin, and such Parts of the County at large as lie within the Circular Road.

Members of Parliament[edit]

Year 1st Member 1st Party 2nd Member 2nd Party
1801, 1 January John Claudius Beresford [1] Tory Rt Hon. George Ogle Tory
1802, 21 July John La Touche Whig
1804, 31 March Sir Robert Shaw, Bt Tory
1806, 19 November Rt Hon. Henry Grattan [2] Whig
1820, 30 June Thomas Ellis Tory
1826, 12 June Henry Grattan Whig George Ogle Moore Tory
1830, 4 August Sir Frederick Shaw, Bt Tory
1831, 19 May [3] Sir Robert Harty, Bt Whig Louis Perrin Whig
1832, 18 August [4] Sir Frederick Shaw, Bt Tory Henry John Chetwynd Talbot, Viscount Ingestre Tory
1832, 22 December [5] Daniel O'Connell Repeal Association Edward Southwell Ruthven Repeal Association
1836, 16 May George Alexander Hamilton Conservative John Beattie West Conservative
1837, 5 August [6] Daniel O'Connell Repeal Association Robert Hutton Whig
1841, 10 July John Beattie West [7] Conservative Sir Edward Grogan, Bt [8] Conservative
1842, 29 January William Henry Gregory Conservative
1847, 7 August John Reynolds Repeal Association
1852, 12 July John Vance Conservative
1865, 17 July Sir Benjamin Lee Guinness, Bt Conservative Jonathan Pim Liberal
1868, 1 June Sir Arthur Edward Guinness, Bt [9] Conservative
1870, 18 August Sir Dominic John Corrigan, Bt Liberal
1874, 6 February Sir Arthur Edward Guinness, Bt Conservative Maurice Brooks [10] Home Rule League
1880, 5 April Robert Spencer Dyer Lyons Liberal
1882 Irish Parliamentary
1885 constituency abolished

Notes:-

  1. ^ Beresford resigned 1804.
  2. ^ Grattan died 1820.
  3. ^ Harty and Perrin were unseated on petition and a new writ was issued, 1831.
  4. ^ The 1832 by-election was the last contest in Ireland, for the Unreformed House of Commons.
  5. ^ O'Connell and Ruthven were re-elected in 1835, as the candidates of a Whig/Repealer electoral pact. As the result of an election petition, the result of the 1835 election was reversed. O'Connell and Ruthven were unseated, with Hamilton and West being declared duly elected, on 16 May 1836.
  6. ^ O'Connell and Hutton were the candidates, in 1837, of a Whig/Repealer electoral pact.
  7. ^ West died 1842.
  8. ^ Grogan was a Baronet from 23 April 1859.
  9. ^ On petition after the 1868 general election, Guinness was unseated and a new writ was issued in 1870.
  10. ^ The Home Rule League was replaced by the Irish Parliamentary Party in 1882.

Elections[edit]

From 1832 (when registers of electors were first prepared) a turnout figure is given, for the percentage of the registered electors who voted. If the number of registered electors eligible to take part in a contested election is unknown, then the last known electorate figure is used to calculate an estimated turnout. If the numbers of registered electors and electors taking part in the poll are known, an exact turnout figure is calculated. In two member elections (in which an elector could cast one or two votes as he chose), where the exact number of electors participating is unknown, an estimated turnout figure is given. This is calculated by dividing the total number of votes cast by two. To the extent that electors used only one of their votes the estimated turnout figure is an underestimate.

  • 1802 (21 July) general election (2 seats) (15 days poll)
  • John Claudius Beresford (Tory) 1,965 (35.34%)
  • John La Touche (Whig) 1,673 (30.08%)
  • Rt Hon. George Ogle (Tory) 1,281 (23.04%)
  • Jonah Barrington (Whig) 642 (11.54%)
  • Resignation of Beresford
  • 1804 (31 March) by-election
  • Robert Shaw (Tory) Unopposed
  • 1806 (19 November) general election (2 seats) (8 days poll)
  • Rt Hon. Henry Grattan (Whig) 1,675 (34.64%)
  • Robert Shaw (Tory) 1,638 (33.88%)
  • John La Touche (Whig) 1,522 (31.48%)
  • 1807 (15 May) general election (2 seats)
  • Rt Hon. Henry Grattan (Whig) Unopposed
  • Robert Shaw (Tory) Unopposed
  • 1812 (19 October) general election (2 seats)
  • Rt Hon. Henry Grattan (Whig) Unopposed
  • Robert Shaw (Tory) Unopposed
  • 1818 (30 June) general election (2 seats)
  • Rt Hon. Henry Grattan (Whig) Unopposed
  • Robert Shaw (Tory) Unopposed
  • 1820 (16 March) general election (2 seats)
  • Rt Hon. Henry Grattan (Whig) Unopposed
  • Robert Shaw (Tory) Unopposed
  • Death of Grattan
  • 1820 (30 June) by-election (6 days poll)
  • Thomas Ellis (Tory) 1,137 (59.03%)
  • Henry Grattan (Whig) 789 (40.97%)
  • majority 348 (18.07%)
  • 1826 (12 June) general election (2 seats)
  • Henry Grattan (Whig) Unopposed
  • George Moore (Tory) Unopposed
  • 1830 (4 August) general election (2 seats)
  • George Moore (Tory) 1,852 (41.66%)
  • Frederick Shaw (Tory) 1,579 (35.52%)
  • Henry Grattan (Whig) 1,014 (22.81%)
  • 1831 (19 May) general election (2 seats) (poll 12 days)
  • Robert Harty (Whig) 1,943 (27.73%)
  • Louis Perrin (Whig) 1,935 (27.61%)
  • Frederick Shaw (Tory) 1,568 (22.37%)
  • George Moore (Tory) 1,562 (22.29%)
  • On petition Harty and Perrin unseated and new writ issued
  • 1832 (18 August) by-election (2 seats)
  • Frederick Shaw (Tory) 1,292 (28.33%)
  • Viscount Ingestre (Tory) 1,250 (27.41%)
  • David Charles La Touche (Whig) 1,053 (23.09%)
  • Michael O'Loghlen (Whig) 937 (20.55%)
  • Marcus Costello (Whig) 28 (0.61%)
  • 1832 (22 December) general election (2 seats)
  • 7,008 electors, 5,173 voted, turnout 73.82%
  • Daniel O'Connell (Repealer) 3,411 (32.60%)
  • Edward Southwell Ruthven (Repealer) 3,352 (32.04%)
  • John Beattie West (Conservative) 1,862 (17.80%)
  • Sir George Rich (Conservative) 1,837 (17.56%)
  • 1835 (17 January) general election (2 seats)
  • 7,113 electors, 5,273 voted, turnout 74.13%
  • Daniel O'Connell (Liberal Repealer) 2,678 (26.19%)
  • Edward Southwell Ruthven (Liberal Repealer) 2,630 (25.72%)
  • George Alexander Hamilton (Conservative) 2,461 (24.07%)
  • John Beattie West (Conservative) 2,455 (24.01%)
  • On petition O'Connell and Ruthven unseated and Hamilton and West declared elected 16 May 1836
  • 1837 (5 August) general election (2 seats)
  • 11,409 electors, 6,972 voted, turnout 61.11%
  • Daniel O'Connell (Liberal Repealer) 3,556 (25.35%)
  • Robert Hutton (Liberal) 3,542 (25.25%)
  • George Alexander Hamilton (Conservative) 3,467 (24.72%)
  • John Beattie West (Conservative) 3,461 (24.68%)
  • 1841 (10 July) general election (2 seats)
  • 12,290 electors, 15,053 votes cast, estimated turnout 61.24%
  • John Beattie West (Conservative) 3,860 (25.64%)
  • Edward Grogan (Conservative) 3,839 (25.50%)
  • Daniel O'Connell (Repealer) 3,692 (24.53%)
  • Robert Hutton (Liberal) 3,662 (24.33%)
  • Death of West
  • 1842 (29 January) by-election
  • 12,290 electors, 7,260 voted, turnout 59.07%
  • William Henry Gregory (Conservative) 3,825 (52.69%)
  • Lord Morpeth (Liberal) 3,435 (47.31%)
  • majority 390 (5.37%)
  • 1847 (7 August) general election (2 seats)
  • 19,562 electors, 9,707 votes cast, estimated turnout 24.81%
  • Edward Grogan (Conservative) 3,353 (34.54%)
  • John Reynolds (Repealer) 3,229 (33.26%)
  • William Henry Gregory (Conservative) 3,125 (32.19%)
  • On petition poll amended and 92 votes struck off Reynolds
  • 1852 (12 July) general election (2 seats)
  • 11,290 electors, 11,979 votes cast, estimated turnout 53.05%
  • Edward Grogan (Conservative) 4,531 (37.82%)
  • John Vance (Conservative) 4,429 (36.97%)
  • John Reynolds (Liberal - Independent Opposition) 3,019 (25.20%)
  • 1857 (31 March) general election (2 seats)
  • 9,905 electors, 14,231 votes cast, estimated turnout 71.84%
  • Edward Grogan (Conservative) 3,767 (26.47%)
  • John Vance (Conservative) 3,711 (26.08%)
  • Francis William Brady (Liberal) 3,405 (23.93%)
  • John Reynolds (Liberal) 3,348 (23.53%)
  • 1859 (3 May) general election (2 seats)
  • 10,367 electors, 16,332 votes cast, estimated turnout 78.77%
  • Sir Edward Grogan, Bt (Conservative) 4,251 (26.03%)
  • John Vance (Conservative) 4,224 (25.86%)
  • Francis William Brady (Liberal) 3,976 (24.34%)
  • Alexander McCarthy (Liberal) 3,881 (23.76%)
  • 1865 (17 July) general election (2 seats)
  • 10,666 electors, 13,465 votes cast, estimated turnout 63.12%
  • Sir Benjamin Lee Guinness, Bt (Conservative) 4,739 (35.19%)
  • Jonathan Pim (Liberal) 4,653 (34.56%)
  • John Vance (Conservative) 4,073 (30.25%)
  • Death of Guinness
  • 1868 (1 June) by-election
  • Sir Arthur Edward Guinness, Bt (Conservative) Unopposed
  • 1868 (19 November) general election (2 seats)
  • 12,899 electors, 22,004 votes cast, estimated turnout 85.29%
  • Sir Arthur Edward Guinness, Bt (Conservative) 5,587 (25.39%)
  • Jonathan Pim (Liberal) 5,586 (25.39%)
  • Hon. David Robert Plunket (Conservative) 5,452 (24.78%)
  • Sir Dominic John Corrigan, Bt (Liberal) 5,379 (24.45%)
  • On petition Guinness unseated and new writ issued
  • 1870 (18 August) by-election
  • 12,899 (1868) electors, 7,912 voted, estimated turnout 61.34%
  • Sir Dominic John Corrigan, Bt (Liberal) 4,468 (56.47%)
  • Edward Robert King-Harman (Home Rule) 3,444 (43.53%)
  • majority 1,024 (12.94%)
  • 1874 (6 February) general election (2 seats)
  • 12,067 electors, 12,503 votes cast, estimated turnout 51.81%
  • Sir Arthur Edward Guinness, Bt (Conservative) 5,213 (41.69%)
  • Maurice Brooks (Home Rule) 4,838 (38.69%)
  • Jonathan Pim (Liberal) 1,937 (15.49%)
  • Edward Fox (Home Rule) 515 (4.12%)
  • 1880 (5 April) general election (2 seats)
  • 13,599 electors, 21,915 votes cast, estimated turnout 80.58%
  • Maurice Brooks (Home Rule) 5,763 (26.30%)
  • Dr Robert Spencer Dyer Lyon (Liberal) 5,647 (25.77%)
  • Sir Arthur Edward Guinness, Bt (Conservative) 5,446 (24.85%)
  • James Stirling (Conservative) 5,059 (23.08%)

External links[edit]

References[edit]