Dublin Theatre Festival
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|Dublin Theatre Festival|
The Dublin Theatre Festival is Europe's oldest specialised theatre festival. It was founded by theatre impresario Brendan Smith in 1957 and has, with the exception of two years, produced a season of international and Irish theatre each autumn. It is one of a number of key post-World War II events established to foster tolerance and cultural understanding between nations. Over the past five decades, the festival has become a crucial part of Ireland's cultural landscape.
It has played a dual role as a window to world theatre, having presented almost every great theatre artist of the late 20th century, and as a champion of Irish writing on the world stage
The Festival is unique in its ability to stage major international theatre of scale, and has hosted productions by the world's most highly regarded artists, while also premiering work by Ireland's leading playwrights.
The Dublin Theatre Festival was founded by Brendan Smith, who also ran the Olympia Theatre and the Brendan Smith Academy of Acting. In the 1950s, the Irish Tourist Board was interested in helping to finance events on what was termed "shoulder months" of the tourist season – May, June, September and October. Brendan successfully sought a grant and the Festival began operating in 1957.
The policy was – and remains – to bring the best available international theatre to Dublin and to balance the programme with Irish productions, especially new plays. There was controversy in the very first year when, after some complaints, the Director of Tennessee Williams' The Rose Tattoo at the tiny Pike Theatre was charged with presenting "a lewd entertainment". The run of the play was not interrupted and the judge rightly threw out the case.
Sean O'Casey's play The Drums of Father Ned was supposed to go up at the 1958 Dublin Theatre Festival, but the Archbishop of Dublin John Charles McQuaid refused to give his blessing (it has been assumed because works of both James Joyce and O'Casey were in the Festival). After Joyce's play was quietly dropped, there was massive changes required for The Drums of Father Ned, a devious way to get O'Casey to drop. After this, Samuel Beckett withdrew his mime piece in protest.
Since then, the Festival has thrived and is regarded as the oldest established specialist theatre festival in Europe. Unlike Edinburgh, opera, music and dance do not form a major element of the programme. Brendan Smith continued as Director until 1983 when he was succeeded by Lewis Clohessy (1984–89), Tony Ó Dálaigh (1990–99), Fergus Linehan (2000–04) and Don Shipley (2005–06). Loughlin Deegan (2007–2011) ran the festival for five years. Willie White took over as festival director in September 2011.
In the past the Irish programme has included artists and been made up of events by some of Ireland's most respected artists including:
Many of the shows that begin their lives at the Festival regularly go on to play all over the world and an increasingly important part of the Festival is the contribution by the new generation of Irish writers led by:
- Conor McPherson – The Weir
- Martin McDonagh – The Beauty Queen of Leenane
- Enda Walsh – Disco Pigs
- Mark O’Rowe – Intermission
- Marina Carr – The Bog of the Cats
The international programme is made up of the finest companies and artists from all parts of the world including:
- Vanessa Redgrave
- Neve Campbell
- James Cromwell
- Tom Waits
- Geoffrey Rush
- Pete Postlethwaite
- Tom Conti
- Aidan Quinn
Presenting work from countries from around the globe including: Argentina, Australia, Belgium, Canada, Denmark, France, Germany, Hungary, Israel, Italy, Japan, Lithuania, the Netherlands, Northern Ireland, Peru, Portugal, Romania, Russia, Spain, South Africa, Switzerland, UK and the US.
References: Nicholas Grene; Patrick Lonergan; Lilian Chambers (2009). Nicholas Grene, Patrick Lonergan, ed. Interactions: Dublin Theatre Festival 1957–2007 being Volume 3 of Irish Theatrical Diaspora. Dublin, Ireland: Carysfort Press. ISBN 978-1-904505-36-5.
- Willie White – Artistic Director and chief executive
- Stephen McManus – Director of Programme & Production
- Tríona Ní Dhuibhir – general manager
- Aoife Lucey – Marketing Manager
- Sarah O'Dea – Development Manager
- Maeve Whelan – Audience Development and Sales Manager
Ulster Bank became the title sponsor of the festival in 2007 initially as part of a three-year deal, extended to five years, concluding in 2011 with the end of the festival's 54th season. The festival is grant aided by Culture Ireland, The Department of Arts, Heritage and the Gaeltacht, Dublin City Council, Fáilte Ireland and DiscoverIreland.com
- Ayling, Ronald (1982). Modern British Dramatists, 1900–1945. Detroit, Michigan: Gale. ISBN 978-0-8103-0937-1.
- Crawley, Peter (18 July 2011). Irish Theatre Magazine http://www.irishtheatremagazine.ie/News/Current/New-Director-UBDTF.aspx
|url=missing title (help). Retrieved 4 March 2012.
- http://archives.tcm.ie/businesspost/2007/07/15/story25110.asp Retrieved on 23 October 2010.
- Michael Quinn (2 February 2011). "Ulster Bank to end Dublin Theatre Festival sponsorship".
- http://www.dublintheatrefestival.com/sponsors/sponsors.asp Retrieved on 23 October 2010.