Dublin United Transport Company
The Dublin United Transport Company (DUTC) operated trams and buses in Dublin, Ireland until 1945. Following legislation in the Oireachtas (Transport Act 1944), the DUTC and the Great Southern Railways (Ireland) were vested in the newly formed Coras Iompair Éireann in 1945.
The DUTC was formed by the merging of several of Dublin's existing tram operators in 1891, that is:
- The Dublin Tramways Company
- The North Dublin Street Tramways Company
- The Dublin Central Tramways Company
Expansion and electrification
Dublin's first electric trams were run between Haddington Road and Dalkey in 1896, initially by the Dublin Southern Tramways Company, but soon incorporated into the DUTC, as it purchased from the Imperial Tramways Company and integrated that company, itself comprising:
- The Dublin Southern Districts Tramways Company
- The Blackrock and Kingstown Tramway
The DUTC subsequently changed its name to the Dublin United Tramways Company (1896) Limited, and later again changed the "Tramways" part of its name to "Transport" in 1941, reflecting the increasing use of buses and a reduction of the tram fleet.
The company's Sandymount depot was on Gilford Road.
Other tram companies in Dublin
The Hill of Howth Tramway (which closed in 1959) was never part of the DUTC, instead being operated by the Great Northern Railway (Ireland) prior to that company's incorporation into CIÉ (and the UTA) in 1958.
Unlike the 1,435 mm (4 ft 8 1⁄2 in) gauge being used by the Luas tram system (opened in 2004), the DUTC trams used the 5 ft 2 3⁄16 in (1,580 mm) gauge.
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