27 March 1949 |
Kutina, Croatia, Yugoslavia
|Notable award(s)||Austrian State Prize for European Literature (1999)|
Dubravka Ugrešić (born 27 March 1949) is a European writer. She was born in Croatia (Yugoslavia), and lives in the Netherlands.
Background and education
Ugresic was born in Kutina, SR Croatia, SFR Yugoslavia. Ugresic studied Comparative Literature and Russian Language and Literature at the University of Zagreb, Faculty of Arts, pursuing parallel careers as a scholar and as a writer. After graduation she continued to work at the university, at the Institute for Theory of Literature. In 1993 she left Croatia for political reasons. She has spent time teaching at European and American universities, including UNC Chapel Hill, UCLA, and Harvard University. She lives in Amsterdam where she is a freelance writer and contributor to some American and European literary magazines and newspapers.
Novels and short stories
Dubravka Ugresic has published novels and short story collections. Her much loved “patchwork” novella is Steffie Speck in the Jaws of Life. Filled with references to literature both high (Flaubert, Hrabal) and trivial (romances, chick-lit) it plays a sophisticated and light-hearted postmodern game with the traditional concept of the novel. It follows a young typist named Steffie Speck, whose name was taken from a Dear Abby column, as she searches for love, both parodying and being compelled by the kitschy elements of romance. The novel was made into a 1984 movie U raljama života directed by Rajko Grlić.
In all her fiction and essays Ugrešić expresses her belonging to Literature, the old and great family of books and their writers. She does this in a wide register of devices, from quote and homage to a pastiche of a well known literary texts. In her story “Hot Dog in the Warm Bun” Ugresic "re-wrote" Gogol’s short story The Nose, for instance. In her view,
- “... Great literary pieces are great because, among other things, they are in permanent polemics with their readers, some of whom are writers, and who are able to themselves express creatively their sense of this literary affair. Great literary pieces have that specific magical quality of provoking readers to rewrite them, to make a new literary project out of them. That could be the Borgesian idea that each book should have its counterpart, but also a Modernist idea of literature which is in constant dialog with its literary, historical past”.
Ugrešić’s novels, all carefully crafted, differ from each other in structure, narration, style and themes. Her novel Fording the Stream of Consciousness received NIN Award, the highest literary honor in former Yugoslavia, whose winners include Danilo Kiš and Milorad Pavić; Ugrešić was the first woman to be awarded the prize. The novel is hilarious Bulgakov-like “thriller” about an international “family of writers” who gather at the conference in Zagreb in the “socialists”, “Yugoslav” era. Museum of Unconditional Surrender is a magnificent novel about the melancholy of remembrance and forgetting. A female narrator, an exile, surrounded by scenography of post-Wall Berlin and images of her war-torn country Yugoslavia, constantly changes the time zones of her life, past and present. Set in Amsterdam, Ministry of Pain portrays the shattered lives of displaced people. It’s a novel about the trauma of language and the language of trauma. In the novel Baba Yaga Laid An Egg, published in the Canongate Myth Series as "most inventive and most substantial volume", Ugresic draws on the legendary Slavic figure of Baba Yaga to tell us a modern fairy tale. It deals with beauty, magic and vigor, death, aging and gender inequalities and discriminations, but also the power of old women to settle the score.
Ugresic’s “creative work resists reduction to simplified isolated interpretative models”. She is widely admired for her for her innovative approach to the essayistic literary genre. Her work is published in numerous European and American literary magazines and newspapers. Her collection Have A Nice Day: From the Balkan War to the American Dream (original title Americki fikcionar, or “American Fictionary”) consists of short dictionary-like essays on American everyday existence, seen through the lenses of a visitor whose country is falling apart. The Culture of Lies is a volume of essays on ordinary lives in a time of war, nationalism and collective paranoia. “Her writing attacks the savage stupidities of war, punctures the macho heroism that surrounds it, and plumbs the depths of the pain and pathos of exile”. Thank You For Not Reading is a witty and eye –opening collection of essays on “literary trivia”: the publishing industry, literature, culture and the place of writing in our “society of spectacle”. Nobody’s Home is a sharp and bittersweet volume on all things literary, from flee markets and “ostalgia” to the “global view on the world”. Karaoke Culture, with its long manifesto-essay of the same title, is a collection of profoundly insightful essays about our modern Internet times, and how technology and media change us all. Europe in Sepia, the latest volume, offers a melancholic view on (mostly) European cultural, political and everyday life landscapes. Dubravka Ugrešić received several major awards for her essays, including Charles Veillon Prize, Heinrich Mann Prize, Jean Amery Prize. In America, Karaoke Culture was shortlisted for National Book Critic Circle Award.
Dubravka Ugrešić is also a literary scholar who has published articles on Russian avant-garde literature, and a scholarly book on Russian contemporary fiction Nova ruska proza (New Russian Fiction). She has edited anthologies, such as Pljuska u ruci (A Slap in the Hand), co-edited nine volumes of Pojmovnik ruske avangarde (Glossary of Russian avant-garde), and translated writers such as Boris Pilnyak and Danil Kharms (from Russian into Croatian). She is also the author of three books for children.
Politics and exile
At the outbreak of the war in 1991 in former Yugoslavia, Ugrešić took a firm anti-war and anti-nationalistic stand. She wrote critically about nationalism, the stupidity and the criminality of war, and soon became a target of Croatian media, fellow-writers and public figures. She had been accused of anti-patriotism and proclaimed a “traitor”, a “public enemy” and a “witch”. She left Croatia in 1993 after a long lasting series of public attacks, and because she “could not adapt to the permanent terror of lies in public, political, cultural, and every day life”. She wrote about the that nationalistic collective hysteria in her timely book The Culture of Lies, and described her “personal case” in the essay “The Question of Perspective" (Karaoke Culture). She prolongs to write about dark sides of modern societies, about “homogenization” of people induced by media, politics, religion, common believes and marketplace (Europe in Sepia). Being “the citizen of a ruin”  she is interested in a complexity of a “condition called exile” (J. Brodsky). Her novels (Ministry of Pain, The Museum of Unconditional Surrender) explore exilic traumas, but also excitement of exilic freedom. Her essay “Writer in Exile” (Thank You for Not Reading) is a small writer's guide to exile.
- 2012 Jean-Améry-Preis für europaische Essayistik, Austria/Germany.
- 2011 Finalist of NBCC Awards (criticism), USA (Karaoke Culture).
- 2010 Tiptree Award for Baba Yaga Laid an Egg
- 2009 Nominated for The Man Booker International Prize
- 2006 Shortlisted for Independent Foreign Fiction Prize. UK.
- 2004 Premio Feronia – Citta di Fiano. Italy.
- 2000 Heinrich Mann Preis (Heinrich Mann Prize). Akademie Der Kunste Berlin. Germany.
- 1999 Osterreichischen Staatspreis fur Europaische Literatur 1998 (Austrian State Prize for European Literature). Vienna, Austria.
- 1998 SWF-Bestenliste Literaturpreis (Sud-West-Funk Bestlist Literary Award). Germany.
- 1997 Versetsprijs 1997, Stichting Kunstenaarsverzet 1942–1945 (Artists in Resistance Prize). Netherlands.
- 1996 Prix Europeen de l’ Essai Charles Veillon (Annual prize for the best European book of essays). Switzerland.
- Europe in Sepia (2014)
- Karaoke Culture (2011)
- Baba Yaga Laid An Egg (2009)
- Nobody’s Home (2007)
- The Ministry of Pain (2005)
- Lend Me Your Character (2004)
- Thank You For Not Reading (2003)
- The Museum of Unconditional Surrender (1998
- The Culture of Lies (1998)
- Have A Nice Day: From the Balkan War to the American Dream (1994)
- In the Jaws of Life (l992)
- Fording the Stream of Consciousness (l991)
||This biographical article needs additional citations for verification. (April 2010)|
- Lukic, Jasmina. "Trivial Romance as an Archetypal Genre.".
- Boym, Svetlana. "Dubravka Ugrešić".
- Warner, Warner. "Witchiness. LRB".
- Svirčev, Žarka. "Ah, taj identitet". Beograd: Službeni glasnik 2010.
- Byrne, Richard. "Picking the Wrong Witch". The Common Review.
- http://www.google.com/search?client=safari&rls=en&q=Jean+Amery+Prize,+Ugresic&ie=UTF-8&oe=UTF-8. Missing or empty
- Ugresic, Dubravka (2003). Thank You For Not Reading. Dalkey Archive Press. p. 136.
- Williams, David (2013). Writing Postcommunism, Towards A Literature of the East European Ruins. Palgrave. p. 33.
- Ugresic, Dubravka. "Writer in Exile".
- Strock, Ian Randall (21 March 2011). "2010 Tiptree Award Winner". SFScope.com. Archived from the original on 26 March 2011. Retrieved 26 March 2011.
- Official Homepage
- Dubravka Ugrešić at the complete review
- Dubravka Ugrešić interview by Svetlana Boym in BOMB Magazine, 2002
- Ugrešić at Open Letter Books