Duchess Auguste of Württemberg

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Duchess Auguste of Württemberg
Augusta di Wurtt.jpg
Princess consort of Thurn and Taxis
Tenure 17 March 1773–1776
Predecessor Princess Maria Henriette Josepha of Fürstenberg-Stühlingen
Successor Duchess Therese of Mecklenburg-Strelitz
Spouse Karl Anselm, 4th Prince of Thurn and Taxis
Issue Princess Maria Theresia
Princess Sophie Friederike
Prince Franz Johann Nepomuck
Princess Henrica Karoline
Prince Alexander Karl
Princess Friederike Dorothea
Karl Alexander, 5th Prince of Thurn and Taxis
Prince Friedrich Johann Nepomuck
Full name
German: Auguste Elisabeth
House House of Württemberg
House of Thurn and Taxis
Father Karl Alexander, Duke of Württemberg
Mother Princess Maria Augusta of Thurn and Taxis
Born (1734-10-30)30 October 1734
Stuttgart, Duchy of Württemberg, Holy Roman Empire
Died 4 June 1787(1787-06-04) (aged 52)
Hornberg, Duchy of Württemberg, Holy Roman Empire
Religion Roman Catholic

Duchess Auguste Elisabeth of Württemberg[1] (in German: Auguste Elisabeth, Herzogin von Württemberg;[1] 30 October 1734, Stuttgart, Duchy of Württemberg, Holy Roman Empire[1]– 4 June 1787, Hornberg, Duchy of Württemberg, Holy Roman Empire[1]) was a member of the Ducal House of Württemberg and a Duchess of Württemberg by birth. Through her marriage to Karl Anselm, 4th Prince of Thurn and Taxis, Auguste was also a member of the Princely House of Thurn and Taxis and Princess consort of Thurn and Taxis.[1]

Family and early life[edit]

Auguste was the sixth and youngest child of Karl Alexander, Duke of Württemberg and his wife Princess Maria Augusta of Thurn and Taxis.[1] In her youth, she had lived with her mother, until she entered the exclusive Ursuline convent in Metz in 1750.[2] In 1752, her eldest brother Karl Eugen had wanted her to marry a French prince of the blood to assist in his reorientation of Württemberg policy towards France.[2] The match fell through however, and to save the cost of maintaining Auguste, she was instead married off to her maternal cousin Karl Anselm, 4th Prince of Thurn and Taxis.

Marriage and issue[edit]

Auguste married Karl Anselm, 4th Prince of Thurn and Taxis, son of Alexander Ferdinand, 3rd Prince of Thurn and Taxis and his wife Margravine Sophie Christine of Brandenburg-Bayreuth, on 3 September 1753 in Stuttgart, Duchy of Württemberg.[1] They had eight children:[1]

  • Princess Maria Theresia of Thurn and Taxis (born 10 July 1757 † 9 March 1776)[1]
∞ 25 August 1774 Kraft Ernst, Prince of Oettingen-Oettingen
∞ 31 December 1775 Prince Hieronim Wincenty Radziwiłł (11 May 1759-18 September 1786)
∞ around 1795 NN Kazanowski
∞ 1797 to a Count Ostrorog
  • Prince Franz Johann Nepomuck of Thurn and Taxis (baptized 2 October 1759; † 22 January 1760)[1]
  • Princess Henrica Karoline of Thurn and Taxis (baptized 25 April 1762; † 25 April 1784)[1]
∞ 21 April 1783 with Johannes Aloysius II, Prince of Oettingen-Oettingen and Oettingen-Spielberg
  • Prince Alexander Karl of Thurn and Taxis (born 19 April 1763; † 21 April 1763)[1]
  • Princess Friederike Dorothea of Thurn and Taxis (born 11 September 1764 † 10 November 1764)[1]
  • Karl Alexander, 5th Prince of Thurn and Taxis (born 22 February 1770; † 15 July 1827)[1]
∞ 25 May 1789 with Duchess Therese of Mecklenburg-Strelitz
  • Prince Friedrich Johann Nepomuck of Thurn and Taxis (born 11 April 1772 † 7 December 1805), unmarried[1]
Styles of
Auguste, Princess of Thurn and Taxis
Thurn und Taxis coa.jpg
Reference style Her Ducal Serene Highness
Spoken style Your Ducal Serene Highness
Alternative style Ma'am

Titles, styles, honours and arms[edit]

Titles and styles[edit]

  • 30 October 1734 – 3 September 1753: Her Ducal Serene Highness Duchess Auguste of Württemberg
  • 3 September 1753 – 17 March 1773: Her Ducal Serene Highness The Hereditary Princess of Thurn and Taxis
  • 17 March 1773–1776: Her Ducal Serene Highness The Princess of Thurn and Taxis
  • 1776 – 4 June 1787: Her Ducal Serene Highness Princess Auguste of Thurn and Taxis, Duchess of Württemberg

Ancestry[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p Darryl Lundy (13 Dec 2008). "Auguste Elisabeth Herzogin von Württemberg". thePeerage.com. Retrieved 2009-12-04. 
  2. ^ a b Wilson, p. 245.

Sources[edit]

  • Wilson, Peter H. (2004). "Women and Imperial Politics: The Württemberg Consorts 1674-1757" in Queenship in Europe 1660-1815: The Role of the Consort. Clarissa Campbell Orr (ed.). Cambridge University Press. ISBN 0-521-81422-7.
Duchess Auguste of Württemberg
Born: 30 October 1734 Died: 4 June 1787
German nobility
Preceded by
Princess Maria Henriette Josepha of Fürstenberg-Stühlingen
Princess consort of Thurn and Taxis
17 March 1773–1776
Succeeded by
Duchess Therese of Mecklenburg-Strelitz