List of Burgundian consorts

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This article lists queens, countesses, and duchesses consort of the Kingdom, County, Duchy of Burgundy.

Contents

Queen consort of Burgundy[edit]

Queen consort of the Burgundians (till 534)[edit]

Picture Name Father Birth Marriage Became Queen Ceased to be Queen Death Spouse
Grimhild  ? She is a mythological queen mentioned in the Nibelungenlied who was a witch, who cast a spell on Sigurd making him leave his wife, Brynhildr, for Gudrun. Gebicca
Dietlind of Bechelaren Rüdiger, Count of Bechelaren She is a mythological queen mentioned in the Nibelungenlied as being married to Giselher. Giselher
Brunhild (Postkarte), G. Bussiere, 1897.jpg Brynhildr the Valkyrie King Budli She is a mythological queen, a valkyrie, based on the stories of the Völsunga saga and some Eddic poems treating the same events. Under the name Brünnhilde she appears in the Nibelungenlied. Brynhildr is probably inspired by the Visigothic princess Brunhilda of Austrasia, who married Merovingian king Sigebert I in 567. The history of Brynhildr includes fratricide, a long battle between brothers, and dealings with the Huns. Gunther
Sister of Ricimer Rechila, Suevic King of Galicia  ?  ?  ? 472 Gondioc
Caretena  ?  ?  ?  ? 493
[1]
Chilperic II
Ostrogotha of the Ostrogoths Theodoric the Great
(Bosonid)
475 494 or 496 516
husband's accession
520 Sigismund
Picture Name Father Birth Marriage Became Queen Ceased to be Queen Death Spouse

Frankish Burgundy (534–855)[edit]

Merovingian Dynasty (534–751)[edit]

Queen consort of Burgundy/Orléans, 561–613
Picture Name Father Birth Marriage Became Queen Ceased to be Queen Death Spouse
Vénérande a slave  ?  ?  ?  ?  ? Guntram
Marcatrude Magnar (Magnacaire d’Outre-Jura)  ? 565? 566?
Austerchild  ?  ? 567 after 580
Faileube  ?  ?  ?  ?  ?  ? Childebert II
Ermenberga of the Visigoths Witteric, King of the Visigoths  ? 606 607
repudiated
 ? Theuderic II
United to Austrasia in 612 and passed Neustria in 613.
Queen of Neustria, Paris, Burgundy and Austrasia, 613–629
Picture Name Father Birth Marriage Became Queen Ceased to be Queen Death Spouse
Bertrude of Vermandois Wagon II, Count of Vermandois 582  ?613? 618/619 Chlothar II
Sichilde
[2]
 ? c. 590 618 18 October 629
husband's death
ap. 627
Queen of Neustria and Burgundy, 629–691
Picture Name Father Birth Marriage Became Queen Ceased to be Queen Death Spouse
Gomentrude
[2]
 ? 598 628 629
répudiée
after 630 Dagobert I
Nanthild the Saxon
[2]
 ? c. 610 c. 629 19 January 639
husband's death
642
Ragintrudis
[2]
 ? 610?  ?  ?  ?  ?
Wulfefundis
[2]
 ?  ?  ?  ?  ?  ?
Bertechildis
[2]
 ?  ?  ?  ?  ?  ?
St. Bathild Jardin du Luxembourg.jpg Balthild Anglo-Saxon aristocrat 626 or 627 649 27 November 655 or 658
husband's death
30 January 680 Clovis II
Amatilda
[2]
 ?  ?  ?  ?  ?  ? Chlothar III
Bilichild of Austrasia
[2]
Sigebert III of Austrasia 654 668 673
invasion of Neustria and Burgundy
675 Childeric II
Clotilda of Heristal
[2]
Ansegisel 650 before 680 679
Became Queen of All the Franks
699 Theuderic III
United with Austrasia to form a single Frankish state
Queen of Neustria, Burgundy, Aquitaine, and Austrasia
Edonne
[2]
Most likely this a fabricated name of the unnamed wife of Childebert III and mother of Dagobert III. Childebert III
No Merovingian or Burgundian queens have been recorded beyond the obscure Edonne.
Picture Name Father Birth Marriage Became Queen Ceased to be Queen Death Spouse

Carolingian Dynasty (751–855)[edit]

Frankish Queen consort of Burgundy, 751–843
Picture Name Father Birth Marriage Became Queen Ceased to be Queen Death Spouse
Bertrada of Laon Jardin du Luxembourg.jpg Bertrada of Laon
[2]
Caribert, Count of Laon 710/27 740 November 751
as sole-Queen consort of the Franks
24 September 768
husband's death
12 July 783 Pepin I
Gerberga  ?  ?  ? 24 September 768
as co-Queen consort of the Franks
4 December 771
husband's death
 ? Carloman I
Gerperga of the Lombards
[2]
Desiderius, King of the Lombards  ? 770
as co-Queen consort of the Franks
771
repuditated
 ? Charles I
Hildegard 1499.jpg Hildegard of Vinzgouw
[2]
Gerold of Vinzgouw
(Agilolfings)
758 771
as sole-Queen consort of the Franks
774
as Queen consort the Lombards
781
as co-Queen consort the Lombards
30 April 783
Fastrada of Franconia
[2]
Raoul III of Franconia 765 784
as sole-Queen consort of the Franks and co-Queen consort the Lombards
10 October 794
Luitgard of Sundgau
[2]
Luitfrid II, Count of Sundgau
(Etichonids)
776 794
as sole-Queen consort of the Franks and co-Queen consort the Lombards
4 June 800
Ermengarde of Hesbaye
[2]
Ingerman, Count of Hesbaye
(Robertians)
778 794/5 813
as Holy Roman Empress and Queen consort of the Franks 817
as senior Holy Roman Empress
3 October 818 Louis I
Wgt Stifterbüchlein 11v.jpg Judith of Bavaria
[2]
Welf I, Count of Altdorf(Elder Welfs) 805 819
as senior Holy Roman Empress and Queen consort of the Franks
20 June 840
husband's death
19/23 April 843
After the Treaty of Verdun
Picture Name Father Birth Marriage Became Queen Ceased to be Queen Death Spouse
Ermengarde of Tours Hugh of Tours
(Etichonids)
800/4 15 October 821 20 March 851 Lothair I
Picture Name Father Birth Marriage Became Queen Ceased to be Queen Death Spouse

After Lothar's death in 855, his realm was divided between his sons. The Burgundian territories were divided between:

Lower Burgundy (855–863)[edit]

After the division of the Carolingian Empire by the Treaty of Verdun (843), the first of the fraternal rulers of the three kingdoms to die was Lothair I, who divided his middle kingdom in accordance with the custom of the Franks between his three sons. Out of this division came the Kingdom of Provence, given to Lothair's youngest son, Charles. A heritage of royal rule was thus inaugurated in Provence that, though it was often subsumed into one of its larger neighbouring kingdoms, it was just as often proclaiming its own sovereigns.

Carolingian Dynasty (855–879)[edit]

Picture Name Father Birth Marriage Became Queen Ceased to be Queen Death Spouse
Engelberga of Parma Adelchis I, Count of Parma
(Supponids)
830 5 October 851 24 January 863
husband's accession
12 August 875
husband's death
896-901 Louis II
Richildaof Provence.gif Richilde of Provence Bivin of Gorze, Count of the Ardennes
(Bosonid)
845 870 12 August 875
husband's ascession
6 October 877
husband's death
2 June 910 Charles III
Adela hlava.jpg Adelaide of Paris Adalard of Paris
(Girardids)
850/853 February 875 6 October 877
husband's accession
10 April 879
husband's death
10 November 901 Louis III
Picture Name Father Birth Marriage Became Queen Ceased to be Queen Death Spouse

Bosonid Dynasty (879–933)[edit]

Picture Name Father Birth Marriage Became Queen Ceased to be Queen Death Spouse
Ermengard of Italy Louis II
(Carolingian)
835/852/855 June 876 10 April 879
husband's accession
11 January 887
husband's death
22 June 896 Boso I
Anna of Constantinople
[3]
Leo VI the Wise
(Macedonian)
885 around 900 912 Louis IV
Adelaide of Upper Burgundy Rudolph I
(Elder Welf)
- 902-914 28 June 928
husband's death
943
Alda (or Hilda)  ?  ? after 924 5 June 928
husband's accession
before 932
marriage annulled
 ? Hugh I
Marozia of Tusculum, Senatrix and Patricia of Rome Theophylact I, Count of Tusculum
(Tusculani)
890 932 December 932
933
Provence ceases to be a separate kingdom.
932/937
Picture Name Father Birth Marriage Became Queen Ceased to be Queen Death Spouse

In 933, Provence ceases to be a separate kingdom as Hugh exchanged it with Rudolph II of Upper Burgundy for the Iron Crown of Lombardy, that is, rule of Italy.

Welf Dynasty (888–1032)[edit]

Picture Name Father Birth Marriage Became Queen Ceased to be Queen Death Spouse
Reine Berthe et les fileueses, 1888.jpg Bertha of Swabia Burchard II, Duke of Swabia
(Hunfridings)
907 922 933
husband's accession
11 July 937
husband's death
after 2 January 966 Rudolph I
Adelane - 935/40 950s? 23 March 963/4 Conrad I
Mathilde de France.jpg Matilda of France Louis IV of France
(Carolingian)
943 964 26/27 January 981/2
Aldiud - - after 981/2 19 October 993
husband's death
-
Agaltrudis - - before 12 January 994 21 March 1008
or
18 February 1011
Rudolph II
Ermengarde of Savoy Humbert I, Count of Savoy
(Savoy)
- 24 April/28 July 1011 6 September 1032
husband's death
25/27 August 1057
Picture Name Father Birth Marriage Became Queen Ceased to be Queen Death Spouse

In 1032 the kingdom of Upper and Lower Burgundy was incorporated into the Holy Roman Empire as a third kingdom, the Kingdom of Arles, with the King of Germany or Emperor as King of Burgundy.

Upper Burgundy (855–1032)[edit]

Carolingian Dynasty (855–888)[edit]

Lothair II subsumed his portion of Burgundy into the Kingdom of Lotharingia and at his brother Charles' death, gained some northern districts of the deceased's kingdom. When Lothar II died in 869, his realm was divided between his uncles Charles the Bald and Louis the German in the Treaty of Mersen.

When Emperor Charles the Fat, who until 884 had reunited all Frankish kingdoms except for kingdom of Provence, died in 888, the nobles and leading clergy of Upper Burgundy assembled at St Maurice and elected Rudolph, count of Auxerre, from the Elder Welf family, as king. At first, he tried to reunite the realm of Lothar II, but opposition by Arnulf of Carinthia forced him to focus on his Burgundian territory.

Picture Name Father Birth Marriage Became Queen Ceased to be Queen Death Spouse
Teutberga Boso the Elder
(Bosonids)
- 855 29 September 855
as Queen of Lotharingia
8 August 869
husband's death
before 25 November 875 Lothair II
Lothair II's empire divide between his uncles in the Treaty of Mersen.
(869-888)
Ermentruda kralovna.jpg Ermentrude of Orléans Odo I, Count of Orléans
(Orléans)
- 855 8 August 869
as Queen of West Franks
6 October 869 Charles the Bald
RichildaofProvence.jpg Richilde of Provence Bivin of Gorze
(Bosonids)
- 870
as Queen of West Franks, Queen of Italy, and Holy Roman Empress
6 October 877
husband's death
2 June 910
Adela hlava.jpg Adelaide of Paris Adalard of Paris
(Paris)
- February 875 6 October 877
as Queen of West Franks
10 April 879
husband's death
10 November 901 Louis the Stammerer
Hemma.jpg Emma of Altdorf Welf
(Welf)
- 827 8 August 869
as Queen of East Franks
31 January 876 Louis the German
Luitgarda.jpg Liutgard of Saxony Liudolf, Duke of Saxony
(Liudolfing)
840/50 29 November 874 28 August 876
as Queen of Saxony, Bavaria, and East Franks
20 January 882
husband's death
17 November 885 Louis the Younger
Saint Richardis (fragment of The Ordeal by Fire by Dierec Bouts the Older).jpg Richardis of Swabia Erchanger of Nordgau - 862 20 January 882
as Holy Roman Empress, and Queen of East and West Franks
13 January 888
husband's death
18 September 894/6 Charles the Fat
Picture Name Father Birth Marriage Became Queen Ceased to be Queen Death Spouse

Welf Dynasty (888–1032)[edit]

Picture Name Father Birth Marriage Became Queen Ceased to be Queen Death Spouse
Guilla of Provence Boso of Provence
(Bosonids)
873 885/888 888
husband's accession
25 October 911
husband's death
912-924 Rudolph I
Bertha of Swabia Burchard II, Duke of Swabia
(Hunfridings)
907 922 11 July 937
husband's death
after 2 January 966 Rudolph II
Adelane - 935/40 950s? 23 March 963/4 Conrad I
Mathilde de France.jpg Matilda of France Louis IV of France
(Carolingian)
943 964 26/27 January 981/2
Aldiud - - after 981/2 19 October 993
husband's death
-
Agaltrudis - - before 12 January 994 21 March 1008
or
18 February 1011
Rudolph II
Ermengarde of Savoy Humbert I, Count of Savoy
(Savoy)
- 24 April/28 July 1011 6 September 1032
husband's death
25/27 August 1057
Picture Name Father Birth Marriage Became Queen Ceased to be Queen Death Spouse

In 1032 the kingdom of Upper and Lower Burgundy was incorporated into the Holy Roman Empire as a third kingdom, the Kingdom of Arles, with the King of Germany or Emperor as King of Burgundy.

Holy Roman Empress, Queen consort of the Kingdom of Arles (1032–1378)[edit]

Salian Dynasty (1032–1125)[edit]

Picture Name Father Birth Marriage Became Queen Became Empress Ceased to be Consort Death Spouse
Gisela von Schwaben.JPG Gisela of Swabia Hermann II, Duke of Swabia
(Conradines)
11 November 995 1016 6 September 1032
husband's accession
26 March 1027 4 June 1039
husband's death
14 February 1043 Conrad II
Agnes of Poitou.jpg Agnes de Poitou William V, Duke of Aquitaine
(Ramnulfids)
1025 21 November 1043 25 December 1046 5 October 1056
husband's death
14 December 1077 Henry III
Bertha of Savoy, Holy Roman Empress.jpg Bertha of Savoy Otto, Count of Savoy
(Savoy)
21 September 1051 13 July 1066 21 March 1084 27 December 1087 Henry IV
Eupraxia of Kiev Vsevolod I, Grand Prince of Kiev
(Rurikids)
1071 14 August 1089 14 August 1089 31 December 1105
husband's deposition
20 July 1109
Empress matilda.jpg Matilda of England Henry I of England
(Normandy)
7 February 1101 7 January 1114 23 May 1125
husband's death
10 September 1167 Henry V
Picture Name Father Birth Marriage Became Queen Became Empress Ceased to be Consort Death Spouse

Supplinburger Dynasty (1125–1137)[edit]

Picture Name Father Birth Marriage Became Queen Became Empress Ceased to be Consort Death Spouse
Richenza von Northeim (Königslutter).jpg Richenza of Northeim Henry, Margrave of Frisia
(Northeim)
1087/89 1100 30 August 1125
husband's accession
4 June 1133 4 December 1137
husband's death
10 June 1141 Lothair III
Picture Name Father Birth Marriage Became Queen Became Empress Ceased to be Consort Death Spouse

Hohenstaufen Dynasty (1138–1208)[edit]

Picture Name Father Birth Marriage Became Queen Became Empress Ceased to be Consort Death Spouse
Gertrude of Sulzbach
Queen of the Romans in opposition
Berengar II, Count of Sulzbach
(Sulzbach)
1114 1136 7 March 1138
husband's accession
never Empress 14 April 1146 Conrad III
Adelheid of Vohburg
Queen of the Romans
Diepold III, Margrave of Vohburg
(Vohburg)
1128 1147 4 March 1152
husband's accession
never Empress March 1153
marriage annulled
after 1187 Frederick I
Giovanni Battista Tiepolo 032.jpg Beatrice I, Countess of Burgundy Renaud III, Count of Burgundy
(Ivrea)
1148 9 June 1156 15 November 1184
Constance-Sicily.jpg Constance of Sicily Roger II of Sicily
(Hauteville)
2 November 1154 27 January 1186 10 June 1190
husband's accession
14 April 1191 28 September 1197
husband's death
27 November 1198 Henry VI
Irene Angelina.jpg Irene Angelina
Queen of the Romans
Isaac II Angelos
(Angelos)
1177/1181 25 May 1197 6 March 1198
husband's accession
never Empress 27 August 1208 Philip of Swabia
Picture Name Father Birth Marriage Became Queen Became Empress Ceased to be Consort Death Spouse

Welf Dynasty (1208–1215)[edit]

Picture Name Father Birth Marriage Became Queen Became Empress Ceased to be Consort Death Spouse
Ota4 zena.jpg Beatrix of Swabia Philip
(Hohenstaufen)
April/June 1198 23 July 1212 11 August 1212 Otto IV
MarieBrabant1190-1260.jpg Marie of Brabant Henry I, Duke of Brabant
(Leuven)
1190 after 19 May 1214 5 July 1215
husband's deposition
9 March/14 June 1260
Picture Name Father Birth Marriage Became Queen Became Empress Ceased to be Consort Death Spouse

Hohenstaufen Dynasty (1212–1254)[edit]

I am not sure if the title King of Arles went to the King of the Romans under a Holy Roman Emperor or not.

Picture Name Father Birth Marriage Became Queen Became Empress Ceased to be Consort Death Spouse
KonstancieAragonska Uhry.jpg Constance of Aragon Alfonso II of Aragón
(Barcelona)
1179 5 August 1209 9 December 1212
husband's accession
22 November 1220 23 June 1222 Frederick II
Yolande of Jerusalem.jpg Yolande of Jerusalem John of Brienne, King of Jerusalem
(Brienne)
1212 9 November 1225 25 April 1228
IsabelaAnglie.gif Isabella of England John of England
(Plantagenet)
1214 15/20 July 1235 1 December 1241
Bianca Lancia A child of Manfred I Lancia
(AleramiciLancia)
c. 1200 c. 1244?
Evidence for marriage is dubious
c. 1244
Margarete von Babenberg.JPG Margaret of Babenberg Leopold VI, Duke of Austria
(Babenberg)
1204 29 November 1225 23 March 1227 never Empress 4 July 1235 husband dethroned;
12 February 1242 husband's death
29 October 1266 Henry (VII)
Elisabeth of Bavaria Otto II, Duke of Bavaria
(Wittelsbach)
1227 1 September 1246 never Empress 21 May 1254
husband's death
9 October 1273 Conrad IV
Picture Name Father Birth Marriage Became Queen Became Empress Ceased to be Consort Death Spouse

House of Habsburg (1273–1291)[edit]

Picture Name Father Birth Marriage Became Queen Became Empress Ceased to be Consort Death Spouse
Gertrud Anna Habsburg Basel Muenster 2008 018.jpg Gertrude of Hohenburg
Queen of the Romans
Burchard V, Count of Hohenburg 1225 1245 29 September 1273 never Empress 16 February 1281 Rudolph I
Pecet Isabela Burgundska.jpg Isabelle of Burgundy
Queen of the Romans
Hugh IV, Duke of Burgundy c. 1270 6 February 1284 never Empress 15 July 1291
husband's death
c. 1323
Picture Name Father Birth Marriage Became Queen Became Empress Ceased to be Consort Death Spouse

House of Nassau (1292–1298)[edit]

Picture Name Father Birth Marriage Became Queen Became Empress Ceased to be Consort Death Spouse
Adolf imagina klarenthal.JPG Imagina of Isenburg-Limburg Gerlach IV of Isenburg-Limburg
(Isenburg-Limburg)
1259 1271 5 May 1292 never Empress 23 June 1298 29 September 1313 Adolph I
Picture Name Father Birth Marriage Became Queen Became Empress Ceased to be Consort Death Spouse

House of Habsburg (1298–1308)[edit]

Picture Name Father Birth Marriage Became Queen Became Empress Ceased to be Consort Death Spouse
Elisabeth Tirol.jpg Elisabeth of Tirol
Queen of the Romans
Meinhard, Duke of Carinthia c. 1262 20 December 1274 27 July 1298 never Empress 1 May 1308 28 October 1312 Albert I
Picture Name Father Birth Marriage Became Queen Became Empress Ceased to be Consort Death Spouse

House of Luxembourg (1308–1313)[edit]

Picture Name Father Birth Marriage Became Queen Became Empress Ceased to be Consort Death Spouse
Margaret of Brabant.jpg Margaret of Brabant John I, Duke of Brabant
(Leuven)
4 October 1276 9 July 1292 27 November 1308
husband's accession
never Empress 14 December 1311 Henry VII
Name Father Birth Marriage Became Queen Became Empress Ceased to be Consort Death Spouse

House of Habsburg (1314–1322)[edit]

Picture Name Father Birth Marriage Became Queen Became Empress Ceased to be Consort Death Spouse
IsabelaAragonska.jpg Isabella of Aragon James II of Aragon
(Barcelona)
1305 11 May 1315 19 October 1315
husband's election (in opposition)/
5 September 1325
husband recognised as co-King
never Empress 28 September 1322
husband abandons claim/
13 January 1330
husband's death
12 July 1330 Frederick the Handsome
Picture Name Father Birth Marriage Became Queen Became Empress Ceased to be Consort Death Spouse

House of Wittelsbach (1314–1347)[edit]

Picture Name Father Birth Marriage Became Queen Became Empress Ceased to be Consort Death Spouse
Beatrix of Silesia-Glogau.jpg Beatrix of Świdnica
Queen of the Romans
Bolko I, Duke of Świdnica 1290 1308 20 October 1314
husband's election
never Empress 24 August 1322 Louis IV
Marguerite II de Hainaut.png Margaret, Countess of Hainaut William of Avesnes, Count of Hainaut 1311 26 February 1324 January 1328 11 October 1347 23 June 1356
Picture Name Father Birth Marriage Became Queen Became Empress Ceased to be Consort Death Spouse

House of Luxembourg (1346–1378)[edit]

Picture Name Father Birth Marriage Became Queen Became Empress Ceased to be Consort Death Spouse
Blanka z Valois.JPG Blanche of Valois
Queen of the Romans
Charles of Valois 1316 May 1329 11 July 1346
husband's election (in opposition)
never Empress 1 August 1348 Charles IV, Holy Roman Emperor
Anna von der Pfalz.jpg Anna of Bavaria
Queen of the Romans
Rudolf II, Duke of Bavaria
(Wittelsbach)
26 September 1329 4 March 1349 17 June 1349
husband's election (without opposition)
never Empress 2 February 1353
Anna von Schweidnitz.jpg Anna of Świdnica Henry II, Duke of Świdnica c. 1339 27 May 1353 5 April 1355
coronation with husband
11 July 1362
Eliška Pomořanská.jpg Elizabeth of Pomerania Bogislav V, Duke of Pomerania 1347 21 May 1363 1 November 1368
coronation
29 November 1378
husband's death
14 February 1393
Joanna of Bavaria.jpg Johanna of Bavaria
Queen of the Romans
Albert I, Duke of Bavaria
(Wittelsbach)
c. 1362 29 September 1370 10 June 1376 never Empress 31 December 1386 Wenceslaus, King of the Romans
ZofieBav2.jpg Sofia of Bavaria
Queen of the Romans
John II, Duke of Bavaria
(Wittelsbach)
1376 2 May 1389 never Empress 20 August 1400
husband's deposition
26 September 1425
In 1378, Charles IV appointed the Dauphin of France as the permanent Imperial vicar of the Kingdom of Arles. From then on, the Kingdom existed only on paper.
Picture Name Father Birth Marriage Became Queen Became Empress Ceased to be Consort Death Spouse

Countess consort of Burgundy[edit]

House of Ivrea (995–1190)[edit]

Image Name Father Born Married Became
Countess
Ceased to
be Countess
Died Spouse
Ermentrude of Roucy.jpg Ermentrude de Roucy
[4]
Renaud de Roucy, Count of Rheims  ? 982 995
husband's accession
5 March 1002/1005 Otto-William
Adelaide of Anjou Fulk II, Count of Anjou
(Angevins)
947 1016 29 May 1026
Alice of Normandy & Burgundy .jpg Adelaide of Normandy Richard II, Duke of Normandy
(Normandy)
 ? 1 September 1016 21 September 1026
husband's accession
7/27 July 1037 Renaud I
Stephanie  ? 1049/1057 3 September 1057
husband's accession
12 November 1087
husband's death
after 1088 William I
Regina of Oltingen Cuno, Count of Oltingen  ?  ? 12 November 1087
husband's accession
1097
husband's death
after 1107 Renaud II
Beatrice of Lorraine Gerard, Duke of Lorraine
(Ardennes-Metz)
 ? 1090 12 November 1087
husband's accession
18 May 1102
husband's death
1102/17 Stephen I
Agatha of Lorraine Simon I, Duke of Lorraine
(Ardennes-Metz)
1164/70 1130 April 1147 Renaud III
Image Name Father Born Married Became
Countess
Ceased to
be Countess
Died Spouse

House of Hohenstaufen (1190–1231)[edit]

Image Name Father Born Married Became
Countess
Ceased to
be Countess
Died Spouse
Marguerite Blois.jpg Margaret of Blois Theobald V, Count of Blois 1164/70 1190 13 January 1200
husband's death
12 July 1230 Otto I
Image Name Father Born Married Became
Countess
Ceased to
be Countess
Died Spouse

House of Andechs (1231–1279)[edit]

Image Name Father Born Married Became
Countess
Ceased to
be Countess
Died Spouse
Armoiries Tyrol.png Elisabeth of Tirol Albert IV, Count of Tirol 1220/25 1239 19 June 1248
husband's death
10 October 1256 Otto III
Image Name Father Born Married Became
Countess
Ceased to
be Countess
Died Spouse

House of Ivrea (1279–1330)[edit]

Image Name Father Born Married Became
Countess
Ceased to
be Countess
Died Spouse
Bar Arms.svg Philippa of Bar Theobald II, Count of Bar
(Montbelliard)
1270 1263/71 8 March 1279
husband's accession
1283/90 Otto IV
MathildeArtois.jpg Mahaut of Artois Robert II, Count of Artois
(Artois)
1270 1291 26 March 1303
husband's death
27 November 1329
Image Name Father Born Married Became
Countess
Ceased to
be Countess
Died Spouse

House of Burgundy (1347–1361)[edit]

Image Name Father Born Married Became
Countess
Ceased to
be Countess
Died Spouse
Margaret of Dampierre.jpg Margaret III, Countess of Flanders
[4][5]
Louis II of Flanders
(Dampierre)
13 April 1350 14 May 1357 21 November 1361
husband's death
16/21 March 1405 Philip III
Image Name Father Born Married Became
Countess
Ceased to
be Countess
Died Spouse

House of Capet (1361–1382)[edit]

None

House of Valois-Burgundy (1405–1482)[edit]

Image Name Father Born Married Became
Countess
Ceased to
be Countess
Died Spouse Arms
Dijon-Palais-Gisants-Detail1.jpg Margaret of Bavaria
[4][6][5][7][8]
Albert I, Duke of Bavaria
(Wittelsbach)
1363 12 April 1385 16/21 March 1405
husband's accession
10 September 1419
husband's death
23 January 1423 John I Armoiries Bavière.svg
Michelle of Valois, Duchess of Burgundy.jpg Michelle of Valois
[4][6][5][8]
Charles VI of France
(Valois)
11 January 1395 June 1409 10 September 1419
husband's accession
8 July 1422 Philip V Valois Arms.svg
Bonne of Artois.jpg Bonne of Artois
[4][6][5][8]
Philip of Artois, Count of Eu
(Artois)
1396 30 November 1424 17 September 1425 Artois Arms.svg
Isabella of portugal.jpg Isabella of Portugal
[4][6][5][8][9][10][11][12][13][14][15][16][17]
John I of Portugal
(Aviz)
21 February 1397 7 January 1430 15 July 1467
husband's death
17 December 1471 Armoires portugal 1385.svg
Margaret of York.jpg Margaret of York
[4][6][5][8][9][10][11][12][13][14][15][16][18][19][17]
Richard Plantagenet, 3rd Duke of York
(Plantagenet)
3 May 1446 9 July 1468 5 January 1477
husband's death
23 November 1503 Charles I Edward of Norwich Arms.svg
Image Name Father Born Married Became
Countess
Ceased to
be Countess
Died Spouse Arms

House of Habsburg (1482–1678)[edit]

Image Name Father Born Married Became
Countess
Ceased to
be Countess
Died Spouse Arms
Johanna die Wahnsinnige,die junge Herzogin von Burgund.jpg Joanna of Castile
[4][6][5][8][9][10][11][12][13][14][15][16][18][19]
Ferdinand II of Aragon
(Trastamara)
6 November 1479 20 October 1496 25 September 1506
husband's death
12 April 1555 Philip VI Joanne of Castille and Philippe of Habsbourg escutcheon.svg
Tizian 057.jpg Isabella of Portugal
[4][6][5][7][8][9][10][11][12][13][14][15][16][18][19]
Manuel I of Portugal
(Aviz)
24 October 1503 11 March 1526 1 May 1539 Charles II Coat of Arms of Isabella of Portugal, Holy Roman Empress and Queen Consort of Spain.svg
Mary I by Master John.jpg Mary I of England
[4][6][5][7][8][9][10][11][12][13][14][15][16][18][19]
Henry VIII of England
(Tudor)
18 February 1516 25 July 1554 16 January 1556
husband's ascension
17 November 1558 Philip VII Coat of Arms of England (1554-1558).svg
Isabel de Valois2.jpg Elisabeth of Valois
[4][6][5][7][8][9][10][11][12][13][14][15][16][18][19]
Henry II of France
(Valois-Angoulême)
2 April 1545 22 June 1559 3 October 1568 Valois-Angouleme.svg
Ana de Austria2.jpg Anna of Austria
[4][5][7][8][9][10][11][12][13][14][15][16][18][19]
Maximilian II, Holy Roman Emperor
(Habsburg)
1 November 1549 4 May 1570 26 October 1580 Armoiries Habsbourg.svg
Isabel de Borbón, from Statens Museum for Kunst, by Diego Velázquez.jpg Elisabeth of Bourbon
[4][6][5][7][8][9][10][11][12][13][16]
Henry IV of France
(Bourbon)
22 November 1602 25 November 1615 31 March 1621
husband's ascension
6 October 1644 Philip VIII Grand Royal Coat of Arms of France.svg
Retratodelareinamariana.jpg Mariana of Austria
[4][6][5][7][8][9][10][11][12][13][16]
Ferdinand III, Holy Roman Emperor
(Habsburg)
24 December 1634 7 October 1649 17 September 1665
husband's death
16 May 1696 Armoiries Habsbourg.svg
Image Name Father Born Married Became
Countess
Ceased to
be Countess
Died Spouse Arms

In 1678 the County of Burgundy was annexed by France as part of the Treaty of Nijmegen, and the title fell into abeyance.

Duchess consort of Burgundy[edit]

Independent Burgundy (880–1044)[edit]

Bosonid dynasty (880–956)[edit]

The first margrave (marchio), later duke (dux), of Burgundy was Richard of the House of Ardennes, whose duchy was created from the merging of several regional counties of the kingdom of Provence which had belonged to his brother Boso.

His descendants and their relatives by marriage ruled the duchy until its annexation over a century later by the French crown, their suzerain.

Image Name Father Born Married Became
Duchess
Ceased to
be Duchess
Died Spouse
Adelaide of Auxerre Conrad II, Count of Auxerre
(Elder Welfs)
c. 849 c. 888 1 September 921
husband's death
c. 929 Richard I
Emma of France Robert I, King of the West Franks
(Robertians)
894 910/914/921 1 September 921
husband's accession
13 July 923
husband's abdication as Duke and accession as King of the Franks
2 November 934 Rudolph I
Image Name Father Born Married Became
Duchess
Ceased to
be Duchess
Died Spouse

Robertian dynasty (956–1004)[edit]

Image Name Father Born Married Became
Duchess
Ceased to
be Duchess
Died Spouse
Ermengard of Burgundy Richard I
(Bosonids)
 ? 938 17 December 952
husband's accession
8 April 956
husband's death
 ? Gilbert
Liutgard of Burgundy Gilbert  ? Easter 955 8 April 956
husband's accession
22 February 965
husband's death
 ? Otto
Gerberga of Mâcon Lambert I, Count of Chalon  ? 973/5 11 December 986/991 Odo-Henry
Gersenda of Gascony William II, Duke of Gascony  ? June 992 996
divorce or death
 ?
Ermentrude of Roucy.jpg Ermentrude de Roucy
[4]
Renaud de Roucy, Count of Rheims
(Ardennes-Metz)
958 982 15 October 1002
husband's accession
5 March 1002/1005 Otto-William
Image Name Father Born Married Became
Duchess
Ceased to
be Duchess
Died Spouse

Burgundy under the French (1044–1477)[edit]

House of Capet (1004–1032)[edit]

In 1004, Burgundy was annexed by the king, of the House of Capet. Otto II William continued to rule what would come to be called the Free County of Burgundy. His descendants formed another House of Ivrea.

Image Name Father Born Married Became
Duchess
Ceased to
be Duchess
Died Spouse
Constancie z Provence.jpg Constance of Arles William I, Count of Provence
(Arles)
986 1003 1004
husband's accession
1016
husband's death
25 July 1034 Robert the Pious
Image Name Father Born Married Became
Duchess
Ceased to
be Duchess
Died Spouse

House of Burgundy (1032–1361)[edit]

Robert, son of Robert II of France, received the Duchy as a peace settlement, having disputed the succession to the throne of France with his brother Henry.

Image Name Father Born Married Became
Duchess
Ceased to
be Duchess
Died Spouse
Hélie of Semur Damásio, Seigneur d'Semur 1015/6 1033 1046
repudiated
1056 Robert I
Ermengarde of Anjou Fulk III, Count of Anjou
(Angevins)
1018 1046/8 18 March 1076
Sibille of Nevers William I, Count of Nevers
(Nevers)
1058 1075 21 March 1076
husband's accession
1078 Hugh I
Sybilla of Burgundy William I, Free Count of Burgundy
(Ivrea)
1065 1079/80 1101/03 Odo I
Felicia-Matilda of Mayenne Gauthier, Count of Mayenne 1080 1115 1143
husband's death
1162/3 Hugh II
Marie of Champagne Theobald II, Count of Champagne 1128 1145 27 September 1162
husband's death
7 August 1190 Odo II
Alice of Lorraine Matthias I, Duke of Lorraine
(Ardennes-Metz)
1145 1165 1183
repudiated
1200 Hugh III
Béatrice d'Albon.jpg Béatrice of Albon and Viennois Guigues V, Count of Albon and Dauphin of Viennois
(Albon)
1161 1183 25 August 1192
husband's death
1228
Teresa de Portugal, Condessa da Flandres.jpg Theresa of Portugal Afonso I of Portugal
(Burgundy)
1157 1193 January 1195
repudiated
20 May 1218 Odo III
Alix de Vergy.jpg Alice of Vergy Hugh, Lord of Vergy
(Vergy)
1182 1199 6 July 1218
husband's death
1252
Blason Robert III de Dreux avant 1198.svg Yolande of Dreux Robert III, Count of Dreux
(Dreux)
1212 1229 30 October 1248 Hugh IV
Beatrix of Navarra.jpg Beatrice of Navarre, Duchess of Burgundy Theobald I of Navarre
(Champagne)
1242 November 1258 27 October 1271
husband's death
1295
Anežka Francie.jpg Agnes of France Louis IX of France
(Direct Capetians)
1260 1229 21 March 1306
husband's death
19 December 1327 Robert II
Joan III of Burgundy.jpg Joan III, Countess of Burgundy Philip V of France
(Direct Capetians)
1/2 May 1308 18 June 1318 13 August 1347 Eudes IV
Margaret of Dampierre.jpg Margaret III, Countess of Flanders
[5][20][21]
Louis II of Flanders
(Dampierre)
13 April 1350 14 May 1357 21 November 1361
husband's death
16/21 March 1405 Philip I
Image Name Father Born Married Became
Duchess
Ceased to
be Duchess
Died Spouse

House of Valois-Burgundy (1361–1477)[edit]

John II of France, the second Valois king, successfully claimed the Duchy after the death of Philip, the last Capet duke. John then passed the duchy to his younger son Philip as an apanage.

Image Name Father Born Married Became
Duchess
Ceased to
be Duchess
Died Spouse Arms
Margaret of Dampierre.jpg Margaret III of Flanders
[6][22]
Louis II of Flanders
(Dampierre)
13 April 1350 19 June 1369 27 April 1404
husband's death
16/21 March 1405 Philip II
Dijon-Palais-Gisants-Detail1.jpg Margaret of Bavaria
[6][21][5][7][8]
Albert I, Duke of Bavaria
(Wittelsbach)
1363 12 April 1385 27 April 1404
husband's accession
10 September 1419
husband's death
23 January 1423 John II Armoiries Bavière.svg
Michelle of Valois, Duchess of Burgundy.jpg Michelle of Valois
[6][21][5][8]
Charles VI of France
(Valois)
11 January 1395 June 1409 10 September 1419
husband's accession
8 July 1422 Philip III Valois Arms.svg
Bonne of Artois.jpg Bonne of Artois
[6][21][5][8]
Philip of Artois, Count of Eu
(Artois)
1396 30 November 1424 17 September 1425 Artois Arms.svg
Isabella of portugal.jpg Isabella of Portugal
[6][21][5][8][9][10][11][12][13][14][15][16][17]
John I of Portugal
(Aviz)
21 February 1397 7 January 1430 15 July 1467
husband's death
17 December 1471 Armoires portugal 1385.svg
Margaret of York.jpg Margaret of York
[6][21][5][8][9][10][11][12][13][14][15][16][18][19][17]
Richard Plantagenet, 3rd Duke of York
(Plantagenet)
3 May 1446 9 July 1468 5 January 1477
husband's death
23 November 1503 Charles I Edward of Norwich Arms.svg
Image Name Father Born Married Became
Duchess
Ceased to
be Duchess
Died Spouse Arms

Burgundy in pretension (1477–1477)[edit]

House of Habsburg (1482–1795)[edit]

In 1477, the territory of the Duchy of Burgundy was annexed by France. In the same year, Mary married Maximilian, Archduke of Austria, giving the Habsburgs control of the remainder of the Burgundian Inheritance.

Although the territory of the Duchy of Burgundy itself remained in the hands of France, the Habsburgs remained in control of the title of Duke of Burgundy and the other parts of the Burgundian inheritance, notably the Low Countries and the Free County of Burgundy in the Holy Roman Empire. They often used the term Burgundy to refer to it (e.g. in the name of the Imperial Circle it was grouped into), until the late 18th century, when the Austrian Netherlands were lost to French Republic. The Habsburgs also continued to claim Burgundy proper until the Treaty of Cambrai in 1529, when they surrendered their claim in exchange for French recognition of Imperial sovereignty over Flanders and Artois.

Image Name Father Born Married Became
Duchess
Ceased to
be Duchess
Died Spouse Arms
Johanna die Wahnsinnige,die junge Herzogin von Burgund.jpg Joanna of Castile
[6][21][5][7][8][9][10][11][12][13][14][15][16][18][19]
Ferdinand II of Aragon
(Trastámara)
6 November 1479 20 October 1496 25 September 1506
husband's death
12 April 1555 Philip III Coat of Arms of Joanna of Castile as Consort of Philip the Handsome.svg
Tizian 057.jpg Isabella of Portugal
[6][21][5][7][8][9][10][11][12][13][14][15][16][18][19]
Manuel I of Portugal
(Aviz)
24 October 1503 11 March 1526 1 May 1539 Charles II Coat of Arms of Isabella of Portugal, Holy Roman Empress and Queen Consort of Spain.svg
Mary I by Master John.jpg Mary I of England
[6][21][5][7][8][9][10][11][12][13][14][15][16][18][19]
Henry VIII of England
(Tudor)
18 February 1516 25 July 1554 16 January 1556
husband's ascension
17 November 1558 Philip IV Coat of Arms of England (1554-1558).svg
Isabel de Valois2.jpg Elisabeth of Valois
[6][21][5][7][8][9][10][11][12][13][14][15][16][18][19]
Henry II of France
(Valois-Angoulême)
2 April 1545 22 June 1559 3 October 1568 Valois-Angouleme.svg
Ana de Austria2.jpg Anna of Austria
[6][21][5][7][8][9][10][11][12][13][14][15][16][18][19]
Maximilian II, Holy Roman Emperor
(Habsburg)
1 November 1549 4 May 1570 26 October 1580 Armoiries Habsbourg.svg
Margaret of austria 1609.jpg Margaret of Austria Maximilian II, Holy Roman Emperor
(Habsburg)
25 December 1584 18 April 1599 3 October 1611 Philip V Armoiries Habsbourg.svg
Isabel de Borbón, from Statens Museum for Kunst, by Diego Velázquez.jpg Elisabeth of Bourbon
[6][21][5][7][8][9][10][11][12][13][16]
Henry IV of France
(Bourbon)
22 November 1602 25 November 1615 31 March 1621
husband's ascension
6 October 1644 Philip VI Grand Royal Coat of Arms of France.svg
Retratodelareinamariana.jpg Mariana of Austria
[6][21][5][7][8][9][10][11][12][13][16]
Ferdinand III, Holy Roman Emperor
(Habsburg)
24 December 1634 7 October 1649 17 September 1665
husband's death
16 May 1696 Armoiries Habsbourg.svg
Marie Louise of Orleans.jpg Marie Louise of Orléans
[6][7][8][9][10][11][12][13][16]
Philippe I, Duke of Orléans
(Orléans)
26 March 1662 19 November 1679 12 February 1689 Charles III Armes Orléans ancien.png
W. Humer 001.jpg Maria Anna of Neuburg
[6][7][8][9][10][11][12][13][16]
Philipp Wilhelm, Elector Palatine
(Wittelsbach)
28 October 1667 14 May 1690 1 November 1700
husband's death
16 July 1740 Palatinate Arms.svg
Elisabeth Christine of Braunschweig Wolfenbuettel Austria.jpg Elisabeth Christine of Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel Louis Rudolph, Duke of Brunswick-Lüneburg
(Welf)
28 August 1691 1 August 1708 11 April 1713
husband's ascension
20 October 1740
husband's death
21 December 1750 Charles IV Coat of Arms of Elisabeth Christine of Brunswick as consort of Archduke Charles of Austria, Claim to the Spanish throne.svg
Joseph II Portrait with crown.jpg Francis III of Lorraine
[23]
Leopold, Duke of Lorraine
(Lorraine)
8 December 1708 12 February 1736 20 October 1740
wife's accession
18 August 1765 Maria Theresa Francis I Arms-personal.svg
Joseph Grassi 001.jpg Maria Louisa of Spain Charles III of Spain
(Bourbon)
24 November 1745 5 August 1765 20 February 1790
husband's accession
1 March 1792
husband's death
15 May 1792 Leopold Lesser Royal Arms of Spain (1700-1868 and 1874-1930).svg
Maria Teresa di Borbone-Napoli.jpg Maria Theresa of Naples and Sicily Ferdinand I of the Two Sicilies
(Bourbon-Two Sicilies)
6 June 1772 15 September 1790 1 March 1792
husband's ascession
1794 13 April 1807 Francis II Armoiries Bourbon-Sicile.png
Image Name Father Born Married Became
Duchess
Ceased to
be Duchess
Died Spouse Arms

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ According to Gregory of Tours, Chilperic II was slain by Gundobad, his wife drowned, and of his two daughters, Chrona took the veil and Clotilde was exiled. This account, however, seems to have been a later invention, since an epitaph discovered at Lyons speaks of a Burgundian queen who died in 506. This was most probably the mother of Clotilde.
  2. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q Queen of the All the Franks.
  3. ^ Some historians believed that Anna never married Louis the Blind. Although there are proves that they were betrothed to one another, Anna was buried in Constantinople showing that she never left her father's court. The main reason some believe that she was his wife was because of Louis' son, Charles-Constantine's second name.
  4. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o Also Duchess consort of Burgundy. Blason fr Bourgogne.svg
  5. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z Also Countess consort of Artois. Artois Arms.svg
  6. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z Also Countess consort of Charolais. Blason Charolais.svg
  7. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q Also Countess consort of Nevers. Blason comte fr Nevers.svg
  8. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z Also Countess consort of Flanders. Blason Nord-Pas-De-Calais.svg
  9. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t Also Margravine consort of Namur. Namur Arms.svg
  10. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t Also Duchess consort of Brabant. Coat of arms of Brabant.svg
  11. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t Also Duchess consort of Lothier. Austria coat of arms simple.svg
  12. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t Also Duchess consort of Limburg. Limburg New Arms.svg
  13. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t Also Countess consort of Hainault. Hainaut Modern Arms.svg
  14. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n Also Countess consort of Holland. Counts of Holland Arms.svg
  15. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n Also Countess consort of Zeeland. Coatofarmszeeland.PNG
  16. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t Also Duchess consort of Luxembourg. Armoiries Comtes de Luxembourg.svg
  17. ^ a b c d Also semi-officially Grand Duchess consort of the West.
  18. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l Also Duchess consort of Guelders. Guelders-Jülich Arms.svg
  19. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l Also Countess consort of Zutphen.
  20. ^ 1st time.
  21. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m Also Countess Palatine of Burgundy. Blason comte fr Nevers.svg
  22. ^ 2nd time.
  23. ^ Duke and Count by marriage.