Duchess of Calabria

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Duchess of Calabria was the traditional title of the wife of the heir apparent of the Kingdom of Naples after the accession of Robert of Naples. It was also adopted by the heads of certain Houses that had once claimed the Kingdom of Naples in lieu of the royal title.

There are at present two claimants to the title of Duchess of Calabria. In the Spanish context, it is the title for the wife of the head of the House of Bourbon-Two Sicilies, and in the Italian context it is the title for the wife of the heir to the Duke of Castro, the head of the Royal House.

Capetian House of Anjou[edit]

Picture Name Father Birth Marriage Became Duchess Ceased to be Duchess Death Spouse
Aragon Arms.svg Yolanda of Aragon Peter III of Aragon
(Barcelona)
1285 23 March 1297 19 August 1302 Robert
Sanchamallorka.jpg Sancha of Majorca James II of Majorca
(Barcelona)
1285 20 September 1304 5 May 1309
became Queen
28 July 1345
Katerina kalabrie.jpg Catherine of Austria Albert I of Germany
(Habsburg)
October 1295 23 June 1316 18 January 1323 Charles
Blason comte fr Valois.svg Marie of Valois Charles, Count of Valois
(Valois)
1309 May 1324 9 November 1328
husband's death
28 October 1331/2
Joan I of Naples (head).jpg Joan
suo jure
Charles, Duke of Calabria
(Anjou-Naples)
1328 26 September 1333 20 January 1343
couples' accession as King and Queen
22 May 1382 Andrew

House of Valois-Anjou[edit]

Picture Name Father Birth Marriage Became Duchess Ceased to be Duchess Death Spouse
Louis Marie.jpg Marie of Blois-Châtillon Charles, Duke of Brittany
(Blois-Châtillon)
1343/5 9 July 1360 29 June 1380
husband's accession
12 May 1382
became Titular Queen
12 November 1404 Louis I of Anjou
DH-Ulrich der Vielgeliebte Gattinnen.jpg Margaret of Savoy Amadeus VIII, Duke of Savoy
(Savoy)
1410s or 7 August 1420 1424/31 August 1432 12 November 1434
husband's death
30 September 1479 Louis III of Anjou
IsabelaLorraine.jpg Isabella, Duchess of Lorraine Charles II, Duke of Lorraine
(Lorraine)
1400 24 October 1420 12 November 1434
husband's accession
2 February 1435
became Queen
28 February 1453 René of Anjou
After 1442, the Angevin ceased to rule Naples and Rene was the last Angevin to hold and later claim the title of King. All his successors as pretenders used the title Duke of Calabria throughout their life and never pretend to use the title King of Naples unlike the first few Angevin claimaints.

House of Aragon[edit]

Picture Name Father Birth Marriage Became Duchess Ceased to be Duchess Death Spouse
Isabella of Clermont Tristan de Clermont, Count of Copertino 1424 30 May 1444/5 27 June 1458
became Queen
30 March 1465 Duke Ferdinand
Francesco Laurana pushkin.jpg Ippolita Maria Sforza Francesco I Sforza
(Sforza)
18 April 1446 10 October 1465 20 August 1484 Duke Alfonso
Trogia Gazzela - - - -
Germaine de Foix1.jpg Germaine of Foix John of Foix, Viscount of Narbonne
(Foix-Grailly)
1488 August 1526 18 October 1538 Duke Ferdinand
Escudo de Valoria la Buena.svg Mencía de Mendoza Rodrigo Díaz de Vivar y Mendoza
(Mendoza)
30 November 1508 February 1540 26 October 1550
husband's death
4 January 1554
For the spouse of the heirs of the Kingdom of Naples between 1504 and 1747; see Princess of Asturias

House of Bourbon[edit]

Picture Name Father Birth Marriage Became Duchess Ceased to be Duchess Death Spouse
Maria Isabella di Spagna 01.jpg Infanta María Isabella of Spain Charles IV of Spain
(Bourbon-Spain)
6 July 1789 6 July 1802 12 December 1816
revival of title
4 January 1825
became Queen
13 September 1848 Francis I
Maria Hertogin in Beieren 1841 1925.jpg Duchess Maria Sophie in Bavaria Maximilian Joseph, Duke in Bavaria
(Wittelsbach)
4 October 1841 3 February 1859 22 May 1859
became Queen
19 January 1925 Prince Francis

Titular Duchess of Calabria[edit]

House of Bourbon-Two Sicilies[edit]

Picture Name Father Birth Marriage Became Duchess Ceased to be Duchess Death Spouse
Maria Antonietta of the Two Sicilies (1851-1918).jpg Princess Antonietta of Bourbon-Two Sicilies, Countess of Caserta Prince Francis, Count of Trapani
(Bourbon-Two Sicilies)
16 March 1851 8 June 1868 27 December 1894
husband's accession
26 May 1934
husband's death
12 September 1938 Prince Alfonso, Count of Caserta
MariaNeapels.jpg Princess Maria Ludwiga Theresia of Bavaria Ludwig III of Bavaria
(Wittelsbach)
6 July 1872 31 May 1897 26 May 1934
husband's accession
10 June 1954 Prince Ferdinand Pius
In 1960 headship of the House of Bourbon-Two Sicilies became disputed by two different Bourbon lines.

Neapolitan line claim[edit]

Picture Name Father Birth Marriage Became Duchess Ceased to be Duchess Death Spouse
Coat of arms of the Kingdom of the Two Sicilies.svg Camilla Crociani Camillo Crociani 5 April 1971 31 October 1998 20 March 2008
became Duchess of Castro
- Prince Carlo

Spanish line claim[edit]

Picture Name Father Birth Marriage Became Duchess Ceased to be Duchess Death Spouse
Princess Alicia of Bourbon-Parma Elias, Duke of Parma
(Bourbon-Parma)
13 November 1917 16 April 1936 7 January 1960
husband's accession
3 February 1964
husband's abdication
- Infante Alfonso
Coat of arms of Princess Anne, Duchess of Calabria (Spanish Heraldry).svg Princess Anne d'Orléans Prince Henri, Count of Paris
(Orléans)
4 December 1938 12 May 1965 Incumbent - Infante Carlos

See also[edit]

Sources[edit]