Duchy of Lucca
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|Duchy of Lucca
Ducato di Lucca
The Duchy of Lucca (green).
|-||Congress of Vienna||9 June 1815|
|-||Annexed by Tuscany||17 December 1847|
The Duchy was formed in 1815 by the Congress of Vienna, out of the former Republic of Lucca and the Principality of Lucca and Piombino, which had been ruled by Elisa Bonaparte. It was created to compensate the House of Bourbon-Parma for the loss of the Duchy of Parma, which had been given to Marie Louise of Austria.
House of Bourbon-Parma 
In 1817, Maria Luisa of Spain, the former Infanta of Spain and Queen of Etruria, assumed the government of Lucca. She was also the mother of Charles Louis of Parma, the Bourbon heir to Parma. This followed the Treaty of Paris (1817), which confirmed both her sovereign status in Lucca, and her son's status as heir to Parma in succession to Marie Louise.
After Maria Luisa's death in 1824, Charles Louis assumed the government of the Duchy.
The Duchy of Tuscany 
From 1815 to 1818, the flag of Lucca was yellow and red horizontal stripes. From 7 November 1818, to 1847 the flag was white, with Maria Luisa's coat of arms and the yellow–red flag in the canton.
Dukes of Lucca (1815–1847) 
|Maria Luisa||6 July 1782 – 13 March 1824 (aged 41)||9 June 1815||13 March 1824||Bourbon-Parma|
|Charles I||22 December 1799 – 16 April 1883 (aged 83)||13 March 1824||17 December 1847
|Son of Maria Luisa||Bourbon-Parma|
See also 
- "Lucca". The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fourth Edition. Retrieved 8 September 2012.
- "Lucca HIstory". www.alucca.com. Retrieved 8 September 2012.
- "Lucca". www.agriturismopelagaccio.com. Retrieved 8 September 2012.
- "Lucca, Duchy of (1815-1847) (Italy)". www.crwflags.com. Retrieved 8 September 2012.