Duchy of Montferrat
The Duchy of Montferrat was created out of what was left of the March of Montferrat after the last Palaeologus heir had died (1533) and the margraviate had been briefly controlled by Spain (until 1536). After that brief interlude, it passed to the Gonzaga Dukes of Mantua. In 1574, Maximilian II, Holy Roman Emperor, raised Montferrat to the status of a duchy.
With the War of the Mantuan Succession (1628–1631), a piece of the duchy passed to Savoy; the remainder passed to Savoy in 1708, as Leopold I, Holy Roman Emperor, gained possession of the principal Gonzaga territory, the Duchy of Mantua. The next heir of the House of Gonzaga was later compensated with the Duchy of Teschen in Silesia.
- Rulers of Montferrat, for a list of margraves and dukes
- "Casale Monferrato". Merriam-Webster's Geographical Dictionary Merriam-Webster, 1997 pg. 219
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