Radoslav Čelnik

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Radoslav Čelnik
Duke of Syrmia
Radoslav celnik01.png
Radoslav Čelnik's province (1527–30)
Reign 1527-1530
Predecessor Emperor Jovan Nenad

Radoslav Čelnik (Serbian Cyrillic: Радослав Челник, Hungarian: Radoszláv Cselnik; fl. 1526–1532), known as Vojvoda Rajko (војвода Рајко), was a Serb general (vojvoda) in the army of Jovan Nenad, the titular Serbian Emperor who held present-day Vojvodina, who after the death of Jovan Nenad (1527) took part of the army from Bačka to Syrmia and acceded into Ottoman service. Radoslav then ruled over Syrmia as an Ottoman vassal and styled himself as the "Duke of Syrmia (Srem)", while his residence was in Slankamen.

Life[edit]

Radoslav hailed from Orahovica.[1][verification needed]

Service under Jovan Nenad[edit]

He was one of the generals of Jovan Nenad, the titular Serbian Emperor who occupied a province of the former Kingdom of Hungary which had been conquered by the Ottomans in 1526, in present-day Vojvodina. Jovan Nenad had defeated the Ottomans in Syrmia and the neighbouring regions, and had supported Ferdinand after John Zapolya refused to acknowledge his rule over Bačka, Banat and Syrmia. After defeating Zapolya's army he had himself proclaimed "Serbian Emperor". Jovan Nenad's army was then led by the chief general, Radoslav. In 1526, Radoslav held a province under Jovan Nenad, which included a town known as Belzond, near Sonta.[2] By the beginning of 1527 the army had ca. 15,000 soldiers. In 1527, he is mentioned alongside Emperor Jovan in Subotica as his "personal and general captain".[3]

After the murder of Jovan Nenad (1527) and fall of the territory, Radoslav had an army of 2,000 in Upper Podunavlje.[4] He had taken part of the destroyed and dispersed army from Bačka to Syrmia,[citation needed] and acceded into Ottoman service.[3]

Rule of Syrmia[edit]

Radoslav then ruled over Syrmia as an Ottoman vassal and styled himself as the "Duke of Syrmia (Srem)", while his residence was in Slankamen.[citation needed]

At the same, he also secretly kept relations with the Habsburgs, which the Ottomans soon understood.[citation needed] Ferdinand had much hope in Radoslav.[5] When the Ottoman army passed through Srem, Radoslav Čelnik crossed into Habsburg territory, and then returned when they had left.[citation needed] In 1530 he denounced the Ottoman vassalage and officially became a Habsburg nobleman, entitled the rule of Syrmia.[citation needed] In 1532, the Ottomans conquered Syrmia.

Retreat into Hungarian/Habsburg territory[edit]

With the Ottoman conquest of Syrmia in 1532,[6] Radoslav retreated to Slavonia, and later lived in his town called Nebojc.[7][8] It was located on the river Vuka, near Vukovar.[citation needed] Many Syrmian Serbs migrated into Hungary with the Ottoman conquest.[6]

Aftermath and legacy[edit]

He is enumerated in Serbian epic poetry, in the song Margita devojka i vojvoda Rajko (Маргита девојка и војвода Рајко).

He may be the same as veliki komornik Raka Milošević,[9] who served Despot Jovan Branković.

Annotations[edit]

  • "Lord, Duke of Syrmia" or "Lord of Syrmia" (господар сремски војвода Радослав Челник).

References[edit]

  1. ^ Sinđel Dimitrije Dušan Balać (1943). Istorijska prava srpskog naroda na krajeve: Dalmaciju, Krbavu, Liku, Gorski Kotar, Žemberak, Kordun, Baniju i Slavoniju. Izdao Srpski narodni savez. p. 6. 
  2. ^ Srpska akademija nauka i umetnosti (1952). Posebna izdanja 193. pp. 19, 76. 
  3. ^ a b Vuk Stefanović Karadžić; R. Aleksić (1958). Pjesme junačke srednijijeh vremena. Prosveta. p. 591. 
  4. ^ Ljubivoje Cerović (1999). Srbi na Slovensku. Kultúra. p. 29. 
  5. ^ Univerzitet u Beogradu. Filozofski fakultet u Novom Sadu; Univerzitet u Novom Sadu. Filozofski fakultet (1963). Godišnjak 7–8. p. 28. 
  6. ^ a b Летопис Матице српске 351. У Српској народној задружној штампарији. 1939. p. 114. 
  7. ^ Lazo M. Kostić (1990). Sporne teritorije Srba i Hrvata. Dosije. p. 272. 
  8. ^ Aleksa Ivić (1909). Seoba srba u hrvatsku i slavoniju: prilog ispitivanju srpske prošlodti tokom 16. i 17. veka. Sremski karlovci. 
  9. ^ Lazar Čurčić (2006). Ishodi i staze srpskih knjiga 18. veka. Biblioteka Matice srpske. p. 23. 
  • Dr. Aleksa Ivić, Istorija Srba u Vojvodini, Novi Sad, 1929.
  • Dr. Dušan J. Popović, Srbi u Vojvodini, knjiga 1, Novi Sad, 1990.