The population of Duckwater was 368, back in the (2000 census). Most residents make their living by ranching, oil-drilling and refining,welfare, or working at Tribal Administration jobs at the Duckwater Shoshone Tribal Offices, located less than a mile away on the Reservation itself . The average household income is about $43,980. Some main streets include "Meadow Road", "Duckwater Falls", and "Sugarshack Road". The village is at an elevation of 5,480 feet (1,670 m) and has a land area of 4,346.4 square miles (11,257 km2).
All children may attend the Nye County School District's Duckwater School but Native American children may electively attend the Duckwater Shoshone Elementary School (D.S.E.S.), located on the reservation. D.S.E.S. is tribally-controlled and operated, with the majority of funding derived from the Bureau of Indian Affairs, Office of Indian Education. Both schools are K-8 one-room schools. Most students in grades 8-12 attend Eureka County High School, 47 miles north of Duckwater.