Dudeștii Vechi

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Dudeștii Vechi
Stár Bišnov
Commune
Coat of arms of Dudeștii Vechi
Coat of arms
Location of Dudeștii Vechi
Location of Dudeștii Vechi
Coordinates: 46°03′N 20°29′E / 46.050°N 20.483°E / 46.050; 20.483Coordinates: 46°03′N 20°29′E / 46.050°N 20.483°E / 46.050; 20.483
Country  Romania
County Timiș County
Status Commune
Government
 • Mayor Gheorghe Nakov (Bulgarian Union of the Banat)
Area
 • Total 95.64 km2 (36.93 sq mi)
Population (2011)
 • Total 4,009
Time zone EET (UTC+2)
 • Summer (DST) EEST (UTC+3)
Website http://www.e-primarii.ro/~dudestiivechi/index.php
Banat Bulgarian Roman Catholic church in Dudeștii Vechi (Stár Bišnov)

Dudeștii Vechi (Bulgarian: Стар Бешенов / Star Beshenov; Banat Bulgarian: Stár Bišnov) is a commune in Timiș County, Romania. Dudeștii Vechi is mostly populated by Banat Bulgarians (Palćene), a regional minority group of ethnic Bulgarians that profess Roman Catholicism, who came from northern Bulgaria, and who are descendants of Paulicians that settled in the area around 1738. At the 2011 census, the total population of the commune numbered 4,009 people.

Name[edit]

Until 1968, it was known as Beșenova Veche. In Bulgarian, it is known as Стар Бешенов / Star Beshenov, in Banat Bulgarian as Stár Bišnov, in German as Altbeschenowa, in Hungarian as Óbesenyő, and in Serbian as Старо Бешеново / Staro Bešenovo.

Languages[edit]

The commune is officially bilingual, with both Romanian and Bulgarian being used as working languages on public signage and in administration, education and justice.

Religion[edit]

The majority of the inhabitants are Roman Catholic.

Villages[edit]

The commune is composed of three villages: Cheglevici (Banat Bulgarian: Téglivič, German: Keglewitschhausen, Hungarian: Keglevichháza, Serbian: Кеглевић), Colonia Bulgară and Dudeștii Vechi. It also included Vălcani village until 2005, when it was split off to form a separate commune.

Colonia Bulgară (Banat Bulgarian: Telepa, German: Bulgarische Kolonie, Hungarian: Bolgartelep) was founded as Telepa by Roman Catholic Banat Bulgarian colonists in 1846. In 1910, it had a population of 714 Bulgarians. In 1930, the population was 830, of which 353 Bulgarians, 338 Hungarians, 123 Germans, 13 Romanians and 3 Romani. In the 1940 census, the Bulgarians were not recognized as a separate ethnic group by Ion Antonescu's regime, and the population was 729, of which 314 "others", 295 Hungarians, 107 Germans and 13 Romanians.

Culture[edit]

The school in Dudeștii Vechi was founded in 1745 by the Bulgarian settlers with the help of the Roman Catholic Church. It is the oldest school of the Bulgarian diaspora and the only school in Romania where Bulgarian language is taught to all grades. As of 2004, education in Bulgarian was optional, but efforts were made to transform the school into a bilingual one. [1]

The village also has an imposing Roman Catholic church.

Population[edit]

Location of Dudeștii Vechi commune

According to the 2011 Romanian census, the commune (also including three other villages) had a population of 4,009, a majority of whom were Banat Bulgarians:

Historical population[edit]

Table[edit]

Census Ethnic distribution
Year Population Romanians Banat Bulgarians Germans Magyars Romani Serbs Jews Slovaks Rest
1880 11,690 2,754 n.d 1,295 1,101 n.d n.d n.d n.d 6,366
1910 12,638 3,121 n.d 1,403 2,152 n.d n.d n.d n.d 5,962
1941 11,334 2,661 n.d 1,206 1,187 n.d n.d n.d n.d 6,280
1948 11,620 2,754 5,771 1,327 1,415 232 53 34 20 -
1956 9,653 2,340 5,610 478 995 210 6 5 7 -
1977 8,030 2,221 4,669 319 694 109 6 2 5 9
1992 6,409 1,996 3,633 57 379 305 11 1 9 17
2002 5,807 2,368 2,987 44 330 62 16

Chart and Table[edit]


Population trend (Growth/Downtrend)

See also[edit]

References[edit]

External links[edit]