Dudeldorf

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Dudeldorf
Dudeldorf Church
Dudeldorf Church
Coat of arms of Dudeldorf
Coat of arms
Dudeldorf   is located in Germany
Dudeldorf
Dudeldorf
Coordinates: 49°58′26″N 6°38′11″E / 49.97389°N 6.63639°E / 49.97389; 6.63639Coordinates: 49°58′26″N 6°38′11″E / 49.97389°N 6.63639°E / 49.97389; 6.63639
Country Germany
State Rhineland-Palatinate
District Eifelkreis Bitburg-Prüm
Municipal assoc. Bitburg-Land
Government
 • Mayor Reinhard Becker
Area
 • Total 11.03 km2 (4.26 sq mi)
Elevation 290 m (950 ft)
Population (2012-12-31)[1]
 • Total 1,065
 • Density 97/km2 (250/sq mi)
Time zone CET/CEST (UTC+1/+2)
Postal codes 54647
Dialling codes 06565
Vehicle registration BIT

Dudeldorf is a municipality in the district of Bitburg-Prüm, in the state of Rhineland-Palatinate, Germany.

Geography[edit]

Dudeldorf is located approximately 10 km (6 miles) east of Bitburg, 42 km (26 miles) north of Trier, and 32 km (20 miles) east of the border to Luxembourg.

History[edit]

Middle Age[edit]

In the year 816 Duodelonis villa is first mentioned. The sex had those two Dudeldorf of the Middle Ages mentioned to castles, the Archbishop of Trier before the 13th century were applied by the Count of Vianden fief. During the late 1375 became extinct in the male line, followed by changing owner of domination and two fortified houses. The 1345 by King John of Bohemia, awarded as Count of Luxembourg city rights assumed the " oppidum de Dudelendorp " directly to the sovereign. 1451 permitted the lords John, Count of Nassau, Vianden and Diez, and Johann, Lord of Kriechingen, the citizens, to impose a tax that should be used to restore the gates and walls. Around 1470 succeeded Count George Von Virneburg the only known enemy incursion into Dudeldorf, who went without a fight in front of him, but in which a fire was started. The extent of damage is unknown. 1632 came the brown of Schmidtburg over the Grundhof the imperial abbey of St. Maximin in the possession of both castle houses. 1734 still existing of the two houses has been increased, the second still appears in the Austrian cadastral map from 1766, due to his poor state but as a sheep barn. How Ordorf Dudeldorf belonged until 1789 to the Duchy of Luxembourg. The basic rule practiced until 1794 three gentlemen from: Trier monasteries St. Irminen, St Maximin and the lords in Dudeldorf, Ordorf and a part of Gondorf. After the sale of the palace in 1813 the church was left a part of the building as a school. 1856 were lost with the adoption of the Prussian cities and rural municipal code privileges. Dudeldorf was henceforth rural commune and seat of a Amtsbürgermeisterei in the district of Bitburg. In 1860 the mayors Gindorf, Metterich and Ordorf were combined with Dudeldorf to the Official Dudeldorf.

Nationalsocialism and Second World War[edit]

In 1937 the neighboring Ordorf was incorporated into Dudeldorf.

In the summer of 1939, German soldiers billeted in Dudeldorf and its surroundings. The publication on 1 September 1939 called for the convening of all reservists. In early 1940, a stronger, sharper training and service of troops quartered exercise was observed. With the start of the Western campaign Dudeldorfer the troops advanced within a few hours. The end of 1940 attracted 121 Dudeldorfer soldiers in the war, which was one in eight citizens. Farmers and farmers from Dudeldorf were asked to increase their food production. The school children of the elementary school in Dudeldorf studied the fields off to Colorado beetles to prevent these erode the harvest. In the years 1943 and 1944, there were more and more low-flying attacks in Dudeldorf. In the district graveyard in Philipp Straße a radar station for air defense was built. The accompanying soldiers were housed in self- built shacks. In June 1944, 22 American bombs fell on the grounds of the radar station and on the adjoining grounds Katzenpfädchen - Lehmkaule, without causing any military damage. The population had been greatly disturbed by this event. Farmers, since working nachschauten the past flying bombers in the fields, came into her own risk and sought henceforth in an air raid air raid shelter on. In the autumn of the same year, the harvest was partially incorporated into the darkness, as the constant air raids made the field work during the day impossible. Due to the advance of the Allied troops, the German soldiers went, in September 1944 back from France and based in Dudeldorf quarters. The soldiers erected a military hospital for horses. A few weeks later, these soldiers withdrew and Air Force soldiers took over with anti-aircraft guns to the positions Dudeldorf. In the second week of September, the first military columns of workers arrived in Dudeldorf. They were housed in the castle and in private homes and built anti-tank ditches to Dudeldorf. On 17 September 1944 was introduced to the local clamp that a refugee train in Philipp drop their home into the Reich interior. Unfortunately, few took advantage of this opportunity. After the Americans were advancing ever closer, tank traps, trenches, trenches and other defenses were built in large hassle. The number of German soldiers grew more and more in the village. On New Years Eve the flak was attacked outside the village. Some of these bombs fell on the adjoining houses in Dudeldorf. Four bombs smashed on the long wall, while two people were injured and four died. In the coming winter, the soldiers withdrew from Dudeldorf. However, it lacked the troops on equipment and fuel. So they moved their luggage with horses or with handcarts. As more and more poorly equipped soldiers dissociated themselves and thus well-equipped Americans were advancing, the people expected the worst. On the heights to Dudeldorf guns were placed. The low-flying aircraft attacked the to display ragged German soldiers. Bombs fell and the artillery shells struck a village. From now on, the shelters were made for permanent residence. It secured the basement by supports and exhibited there beds and kitchen facilities. After the abrupt escape the Nazi circle line from Dudeldorf, began on 1 March 1945 the battle for the area around Dudeldorf. Two days later, on 3 March left the last German soldiers were mostly paratroopers and airborne troops, Dudeldorf. In their retreat, the soldiers blew up two bridges connecting the lower village to the upper village. With the explosion of the houses wore in the lower village, major damage with it. There is hardly a house had at this time doors or windows, as these were totally destroyed by the blast. A few hours after the explosions, in the night of 3 on the 4th March, the Americans moved into Dudeldorf. They shot with phosphorus shells on Dudeldorf, with several buildings caught fire. In this heavy fire the deletion of the houses in flames was impossible. In the experiments to save the houses, six died Dudeldorfer and two were injured. The first Americans withdrew on the morning of 4 March Dudeldorf one. They came from Gon and forced their way into the Upper Village and occupying a district after another. From now on Dudeldorf lay round the fire German grenade and mortar of Spangdahlem. The fighting game to Dudeldorf lasted three whole days, ie until 7th March 1945. Everywhere were funnel collapsed gable to see toppled electricity poles, and on the streets was reduced to rubble. Unstoppable rolled American tanks and vehicles of any kind on the roads towards east. After the weeks of fear and destruction, people set about re-establishing order in the devastated village and they cleaned up what the fighting had destroyed.

Modern times[edit]

After the 2nd World War, the mid-1950s and 1960s, the inner center of Dudeldorf flourished from scratch. The economic miracle also showed effects in Dudeldorf. In 1956, the elementary school Dudeldorf and the settlement communities were built in the school road. Since 1970 Dudeldorf belongs to the municipality Bitburg-Land. Under the demolition and the blemishes of historic buildings in the sixties and seventies, hardly a place has so suffered in circles like Dudeldorf. In 1972, the daycare Dudeldorf was built. Since 1985, the streetscape has been harmonized especially the main street in some areas by dismantling again. In 2011 Dudeldorf won the competition Our village has a future. Today, Dudeldorf is a very interesting and famous holiday place for tourism.

Attractions[edit]

Notable residents[edit]

  • Edgar Schmitt, former German soccer player.
  • Rudolf Servatius, cook of star cuisine

References[edit]