Dudley Observatory is an astronomical observatory located in Schenectady, New York, United States. Along with Albany College of Pharmacy, Albany Law School, Albany Medical College, the Graduate College of Union University, and Union College, it is one of the constituent entities of Union University.
The observatory was founded in 1852. Its first building, on a hill in North Albany, was built between 1852 and 1856. At the building's dedication on August 28, 1856, Edward Everett delivered an oration. A second building was completed in southwestern Albany in 1893.
It is the oldest independent astronomical research organization in the United States. The Dudley Observatory now offers some research awards for professional research and outreach funding to younger students. It no longer operates an astronomical observatory.
The Dudley Observatory was named for Charles E. Dudley of Albany, a former United States Senator (1828–1833). Dudley lived in New York State, died in 1841, and his widow Blandina (Bleeker) Dudley endowed the Dudley Observatory after his death.
- Nott Memorial, another historic building at Union College
- "History of the Dudley Observatory", DudleyObservatory.org (Dudley Observatory), 2014, retrieved 16 February 2015
- Castan, Cameron J. (8 August 2013), "Dudley Observatory finds home at miSci", timesunion.com (Times Union), retrieved 16 February 2015
- Biographical Sketches of Loyalists of the American Revolution, Lorenzo Sabine, Boston, 1864
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