Dudley Ryder, 1st Earl of Harrowby

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For other people named Dudley Ryder, see Dudley Ryder (disambiguation).
The Right Honourable
The Earl of Harrowby
PC FSA
1stEarlOfHarrowby.jpg
Secretary of State for Foreign Affairs
In office
14 May 1804 – 11 January 1805
Monarch George III
Prime Minister Rt. Hon. William Pitt the Younger
Preceded by The Lord Hawkesbury
Succeeded by The Lord Mulgrave
Lord President of the Council
In office
11 June 1812 – 17 August 1827
Monarch George III
George IV
Prime Minister The Earl of Liverpool
Preceded by The Viscount Sidmouth
Succeeded by The Duke of Portland
Personal details
Born 22 December 1762 (2014-08-27UTC17:44:55)
London
Died 26 December 1847 (2014-08-27UTC17:44:56)
Sandon Hall, Staffordshire
Nationality British
Political party Tory
Spouse(s) Lady Susan Leveson-Gower (d. 1838)
Alma mater St John's College, Cambridge

Dudley Ryder, 1st Earl of Harrowby, PC, FSA (22 December 1762 – 26 December 1847) was a prominent British politician of the Pittite faction and the Tory party.

Background and education[edit]

Born in London, Ryder was the eldest son of Nathaniel Ryder, 1st Baron Harrowby, and his wife Elizabeth (née Terrick). Sir Dudley Ryder was his grandfather and Richard Ryder his younger brother. He was educated at Harrow School and St John's College, Cambridge.[1]

Political career[edit]

Harrowby was elected to his father's old Parliament seat of Tiverton in 1784. His administrative career began with an appointment to be Joint Parliamentary Under-Secretary of State for Foreign Affairs in 1789. In 1791 he was appointed joint Paymaster of the Forces, having been made Vice-President of the Board of Trade in 1790. He resigned the positions and also that of Treasurer of the Navy when he succeeded to his father's barony in June 1803. In 1804 he was Secretary of State for Foreign Affairs. After James Monroe's first interview with him on 30 May 1804, "...Monroe reported to his Government that Lord Harrowby's manners were designedly unfriendly; his reception was rough, his comments on the Senate's habit of mutilating treaties were harsh, his conduct throughout the intervuew was calculated to wound and to irritate."[2]

In 1805 he was Chancellor of the Duchy of Lancaster under his intimate friend William Pitt; in the latter year he was sent on a special and important mission to the emperors of Austria and Russia and the king of Prussia. In 1809 he was honoured when he was made Viscount Sandon, of Sandon in the County of Stafford, and Earl of Harrowby, in the County of Lincoln. From 1809 to 1812 he served as minister without portfolio in the cabinet of Spencer Perceval.

From 1812 to 1827, he served as Lord President of the Council under Lord Liverpool. After George Canning's death in 1827, Harrowby refused to serve George IV as prime minister and never held office again. Despite this he continued to take part in politics, being especially prominent during the deadlock which preceded the passing of the Reform Bill in 1832. Harrowby's long association with the Tories did not prevent him from assisting to remove the disabilities of Roman Catholics and Protestant dissenters, or from supporting the movement for electoral reform; he was also in favour of the emancipation of the slaves.

Family[edit]

Lord Harrowby married Lady Susan Leveson-Gower, daughter of Granville Leveson-Gower, 1st Marquess of Stafford, in 1795. They had three sons and five daughters. She died in May 1838. Lord Harrowby survived her by nine years and died in December 1847 at his Staffordshire residence, Sandon Hall, aged 85, being, as Charles Cavendish Fulke Greville says, "the last of his generation and of the colleagues of Mr Pitt, the sole survivor of those stirring times and mighty contests." He was succeeded in his titles by his eldest son Dudley. He was a member of the Literary Association of the Friends of Poland.

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ "Ryder, the Hon. Dudley (RDR779D)". A Cambridge Alumni Database. University of Cambridge. 
  2. ^ Henry Adams, History of the United States of America during the Administrations of Thomas Jefferson, Library of America, 1986, p. 587 et seq.

References[edit]

Attribution

External links[edit]

Parliament of Great Britain
Preceded by
Sir John Duntze
John Eardley Wilmot
Member of Parliament for Tiverton
17841801
With: Sir John Duntze 1784–1795
Richard Ryder 1795–1801
Succeeded by
Parliament of the United Kingdom
Parliament of the United Kingdom
Preceded by
Parliament of Great Britain
Member of Parliament for Tiverton
1801 – 1803
With: Richard Ryder
Succeeded by
Richard Ryder
William Fitzhugh
Political offices
Preceded by
Hon. John Charles Villiers
Comptroller of the Household
1790–1791
Succeeded by
The Earl of Macclesfield
Preceded by
The Duke of Montrose
Vice-President of the Board of Trade
1790 – 1801
Succeeded by
The Lord Glenbervie
Preceded by
The Lord Mulgrave
The Duke of Montrose
Paymaster of the Forces
1791 – 1800
With: Thomas Steele
Succeeded by
Thomas Steele
George Canning
Preceded by
Henry Dundas
Treasurer of the Navy
1800 – 1801
Succeeded by
Charles Bragge
Preceded by
The Lord Hawkesbury
Foreign Secretary
1804 – 1805
Succeeded by
The Lord Mulgrave
Preceded by
The Earl of Buckinghamshire
Chancellor of the Duchy of Lancaster
1805 – 1806
Succeeded by
The Earl of Derby
Preceded by
Robert Dundas
President of the Board of Control
1809
Succeeded by
Robert Dundas
Preceded by
The Viscount Sidmouth
Lord President of the Council
1812 – 1827
Succeeded by
The Duke of Portland
Peerage of the United Kingdom
New creation Earl of Harrowby
1809 – 1847
Succeeded by
Dudley Ryder
Peerage of Great Britain
Preceded by
Nathaniel Ryder
Baron Harrowby
1803 – 1847
Succeeded by
Dudley Ryder