Dudul Dorje was born in Champa Drongsar and recognized by Gyaltsab Rinpoche at the age of four. He received an education in the monastery from the age of eight by both the Kagyu and the Nyingma schools. Dudul Dorje became head of the school at the age of 31. He was known for his great love for animals.
According to the legend, he rescued the Jokhang temple in Lhasa from flooding by placing a kata (white scarf) over the statue of Jowo Shakyamuni Buddha.