Dufftown

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This article is about a place in Moray, Scotland. For the place in California, see Dufftown, California.
Dufftown
Scottish Gaelic: Baile Bhainidh
Scots: Dufftoun
Dufftown clock tower.jpg
Approaching the clock tower in the middle of Dufftown
Dufftown is located in Moray
Dufftown
Dufftown
 Dufftown shown within Moray
Population 1,667 (2011 census)
OS grid reference NJ323399
   – Edinburgh  108 mi (174 km) SSW 
   – London  430 mi (692 km) SSE 
Council area Moray
Lieutenancy area Banffshire
Country Scotland
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Post town KEITH
Postcode district AB55
Dialling code 01340
Police Scottish
Fire Scottish
Ambulance Scottish
EU Parliament Scotland
UK Parliament Moray
Scottish Parliament Moray
List of places
UK
Scotland

Coordinates: 57°26′42″N 3°07′41″W / 57.445°N 3.128°W / 57.445; -3.128

Dufftown (Gaelic: Baile Bhainidh) is a burgh in Moray, Scotland.

The town was originally named Mortlach (Gaelic: Mòrthlach). In the 19th century, James Duff, 4th Earl Fife, established it as housing for soldiers returning home from war and renamed it Dufftown.

In the Middle Ages, Mortlach (in Latin Murthlacum) was an episcopal see.

Dufftown hosts a highland games event every July which attracts many tourists.

Dufftown's notable buildings include Balvenie Castle, which was partly built with stones from the ruins of nearby Auchindoun Castle. The street plan of Dufftown is mainly four main roads meeting at the clock tower; previously a prison but now a tourist information centre.

Episcopal see[edit]

The Diocese of Mortlach was one of Scotland's 13 medieval bishoprics. The names of four bishops of the see are known:[1][2][3]

Today, the Diocese of Mortlach, under its Latin name of Murthlacum, is a titular see of the Catholic Church.[4]

Climate[edit]

Dufftown has an oceanic climate typical of Northern Scotland, characterised by relatively mild, damp winters and cool cloudy summers. The area averages 76 air frosts a year. Like much of Europe, Dufftown's climate is insulated somewhat by the Gulf Stream, a warm ocean current originating near the gulf of Mexico. This warm ocean current makes Dufftown's climate significantly milder during the winter than expected for its latitude.

Climate data for Keith (Nearest climate station to Dufftown)1981 - 2010
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 5.9
(42.6)
6.4
(43.5)
8.4
(47.1)
11.0
(51.8)
13.8
(56.8)
16.0
(60.8)
18.5
(65.3)
18.1
(64.6)
15.6
(60.1)
12.0
(53.6)
8.3
(46.9)
5.7
(42.3)
11.64
(52.95)
Average low °C (°F) −0.6
(30.9)
−0.6
(30.9)
0.8
(33.4)
2.6
(36.7)
4.9
(40.8)
7.8
(46)
9.8
(49.6)
9.4
(48.9)
7.2
(45)
4.5
(40.1)
1.8
(35.2)
−1.0
(30.2)
3.88
(38.98)
Precipitation mm (inches) 65.7
(2.587)
57.8
(2.276)
63.2
(2.488)
59.6
(2.346)
60.8
(2.394)
77.8
(3.063)
70.6
(2.78)
75.6
(2.976)
89.2
(3.512)
100.9
(3.972)
91.9
(3.618)
64.7
(2.547)
877.8
(34.559)
Mean monthly sunshine hours 45.9 77.3 108.2 142.2 190.0 152.7 156.8 145.6 117.5 89.6 53.2 35.0 1,314
Source: metoffice

Whisky in Dufftown[edit]

Dufftown is located on the River Fiddich and is the location of several Scotch whisky distilleries. It produces more malt whisky than any other town in Scotland; in fact, a signpost on the way into Dufftown declares it the "Whisky Capital of the World". The largest and best known of the many surrounding distilleries is the Glenfiddich distillery that distills Glenfiddich single malt Scotch whisky. The Glenfiddich distillery is owned by William Grant & Sons, Dufftown's largest employer. This proliferation puts it on the famed Scotland's Malt Whisky Trail,[5] which also includes Keith, Glen Grant Distillery, Marypark, and Tomintoul.

Glenfiddich: Dufftowns brand

The following distilleries have produced whisky in Dufftown.[6]

Active distilleries[edit]

Former distilleries[edit]

  • Convalmore
  • Parkmore
  • Pittyvaich

Popular culture[edit]

According to the third film in the Harry Potter series, Harry Potter and the Prisoner of Azkaban, Hogwarts, the main setting of the series, is said to be close to Dufftown in an article of the Daily Prophet.

Notable people[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Historical successions: Aberdeen". Crockford's Clerical Directory. Retrieved 14 June 2013. 
  2. ^ Dowden 1912, The Bishops of Scotland, pp. 97–98.
  3. ^ Fryde et al. 1986, Handbook of British Chronology, p. 317.
  4. ^ Annuario Pontificio 2013 (Libreria Editrice Vaticana 2013 ISBN 978-88-209-9070-1), p. 934
  5. ^ "Scotland's Malt Whisky Trail". Retrieved 2014-05-04. 
  6. ^ "Dufftown's Distilleries". Retrieved 2008-07-01. 

External links[edit]

Media related to Dufftown at Wikimedia Commons