Duisburg Hauptbahnhof

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Duisburg Hauptbahnhof
Station building and forecourt
Operations
Category 1
Type Crossing station
Platforms in use 12
Daily trains 610–634 (Mo–Fr),
531 (Sa), 521 (Su)
Daily entry/exit ca. 82,000
DS100 code EDG
Construction and location
Opened 1846 CME station
1862 BME station
1870 RhE station
1886 PSE station
1934 DRG station
Style of architecture Functionalism
Architect Eduard Lyonel Wehner
Location Duisburg
State North Rhine-Westphalia
Country Germany
Home page www.bahnhof.de
51°25′48″N 6°46′21″E / 51.43000°N 6.77250°E / 51.43000; 6.77250Coordinates: 51°25′48″N 6°46′21″E / 51.43000°N 6.77250°E / 51.43000; 6.77250
Route information
List of railway stations in North Rhine-Westphalia

Duisburg Hauptbahnhof is a railway station in the city of Duisburg in western Germany. It is situated at the meeting point of many important national and international railway lines in the Northwestern Ruhr valley.

Lines[edit]

The station is situated at the northern end of the relatively straight Duisburg to Düsseldorf railway line which has to cope with one of the highest daily loads in continental Europe.[citation needed] This line is slated to be widened to six tracks in the near future.[citation needed] Currently it has four—and in some places five—tracks. Parallel to it to the east is the local line to Duisburg-Wedau, remnant of a relief line to Düsseldorf which only sees a local shuttle service today but is heavily used by freight trains (which usually do not run through the station but bypass it on a freight-only line two miles to the east). The third line from the south is the railway line to Krefeld and Mönchengladbach. This crosses the River Rhine and then splits into the main line and a branch to Moers and Xanten at Rheinhausen. North of the station, seven tracks run to the River Ruhr crossing (which is a sight on the Route der Industriekultur (Route of industrial heritage) due to a maze of girder bridges) where a three track line split for Oberhausen and on to Antwerp and the other line runs to Dortmund via Gelsenkirchen. The four-tracked main line turns east and runs via Essen and Bochum to Dortmund.

Operational usage[edit]

Duisburg Hauptbahnhof, 2004.
Inside the station

Railway[edit]

The station is an important hub for InterCityExpress, InterCity and EuroCity trains from and to the Netherlands, Berlin, Switzerland, Munich, Frankfurt and Cologne. It also is an important connection point for RegionalExpress and RegionalBahn lines and has two S-Bahn lines of the Rhein-Ruhr S-Bahn calling at the station. A nearby Stadtbahn station offers local connections as well as trams to Mülheim an der Ruhr and Düsseldorf.

Local travel[edit]

Underground station of Duisburg Stadtbahn (part of VRR) in 2009

Trams and buses call at the northern concourse (not connected to the main hall). There is another bus station at the eastern end of the main concourse, but not all lines serving the station call there. Taxis are available at both ends of the main concourse. The station is directly connected to the motorway A59 whichs runs under the plaza in front of the main entrance. Long-distance coaches depart from a small bus station at the city end of the station (behind the taxi ranks, to the left).

Architecture[edit]

The current station building dates from the 1930s and was modelled after the station in Königsberg. After WW2 it was extensively rebuilt and many features (such as murals in the main concourse) were lost. Its 6 platforms are covered by a train shed at their southern ends and modern canopies to the north where there is a second concourse housing the bus and tram stops.

The station today has a rather drab feeling with the train shed in need of repair as there are quite a number of holes in the roof.

Amenities[edit]

As is usual with station of its size, Duisburg Hbf has a number of shops on its concourse and in the main hall. These include a book shop, a barber shop, several telecommunication accessories dealers, 2 bars, a small gambling arcade and several bakers and fast food stalls. The booking hall is located in the main hall (city exit), and lockers are provided at the beginning of the concourse to the right, next to the toilets. In the station building outside the concourse there is a hotel and local newspaper offices, and there used to be a fairly large night club which closed in early 2006 and has remained empty since.

History[edit]

The former station complex in 1910.
The northern area around Duisburg station at Königstraße, 1911.

Former private railways[edit]

Duisburg station was opened in Duisburg on 9 February 1846 by the Cologne-Minden Railway Company (Cöln-Mindener Eisenbahn-Gesellschaft, CME) along with the second section of its trunk line from Cologne-Deutz to Minden. On 15 May 1847 the line was extended to Hamm and Duisburg station became a through station on the line from Düsseldorf to Oberhausen.

Fifteen years later, in 1862, the Bergisch-Märkische Railway Company (Bergisch-Märkische Eisenbahn-Gesellschaft, BME), opened its east-west route through the Ruhr region from Dortmund and Witten to Duisburg. Its station was built close to the existing station, but it was a terminal station that was approached only from the northeast, not a through station.

Finally, on 15 February 1870, a three kilometre long branch line was opened by the Rhenish Railway Company (Rheinische Eisenbahn-Gesellschaft, RHE) from the Rheinhausen–Hochfeld train ferry to Duisburg, which became the starting point of its new route to Quakenbrück, completed in 1879. It built a through station next to other stations in Duisburg.

Prussian state railways[edit]

The station buildings of the three railway companies survived until after their nationalisation when they became part of the Prussian state railways. In the 1880s the three stations were demolished and a joint station building was built on an island between the platforms of the various lines.

The entrance to this building was to the north on Mülheimer Straße, which the lines crossed at that time over level crossings. It was not until the late 19th and early 20th centuries that all tracks had been raised above street level.

Deutsche Reichsbahn[edit]

At the beginning of the 1930s, the station, which had been taken over Deutsche Reichsbahn in 1920 when it absorbed the Prussian State Railway, was extended and rebuilt to its present size. The buildings have since been replaced.

The still-existing entrance building of the station at Portsmouthplatz was built from 1931 to 1934 under the direction of the government architect Johannes Ziertmann (an architect at the railway division of Essen) and was considered one of the most modern station buildings of its time. It is comparable with the entrance buildings in Düsseldorf and Oberhausen, built in the same period. The two sculptures at the front of a steel frame structure built for the ticket hall are by the Essen sculptor Joseph Enseling. The platform canopies were built with Vierendeel trusses and are structurally similar to the canopies at Düsseldorf Hauptbahnhof, which were scrapped in the 1980s, and follow the conceptually similar canopies of Darmstadt Hauptbahnhof built before the First World War. The Duisburg platform canopies were the first all-welded steel construction of this size.

During the Second World War the station was heavily damaged in a heavy bombing attack on Duisburg by allied forces.

Deutsche Bundesbahn[edit]

The station has been rebuilt several times since the war. In 1992, as part of the inauguration of the Duisburg Stadtbahn (light rail), the new northern connecting hall (Verknüpfungshalle) was opened, all six platforms were lengthened to several hundred metres over the former road underpass connecting Mühlheimerstraße and Königstraße and provided with simple platform roofs, which are easily distinguished from the old station hall.

Deutsche Bahn[edit]

Lobby shortly before the completion of the renovation

On 12 December 2008 Deutsche Bahn and the state of North Rhine-Westphalia announced that much-needed renovation work would begin in mid of 2009. The total cost was estimated at € 60 million. The first phase includes the renovation of the lobby and the underpass. Among other things, the false ceilings would be removed and the building returned to its original state. Renovation work on the monumental facade is planned. The cost for the first phase is estimated at € 10.1 million.[1]

On 24 July 2009, the first phase of renovation work began and the major renovations in the entrance hall were completed on 22 December 2009. From January 2010 work started on the renovation of the pedestrian tunnel. In a second, much more expensive construction phase, the railway platforms, railway tracks and the dilapidated roof will be rehabilitated in 2011.[2]

Train services[edit]

The following services currently call at Duisburg Hauptbahnhof:

  • intercity services:
  • regional services:
    • NRW-Express Aachen - Cologne - Düsseldorf - Duisburg - Essen - Dortmund - Hamm - Paderborn
    • Rhein-Haard-Express Münster - Dülmen - Recklinghausen - Essen - Duisburg - Düsseldorf
    • Rhein-Emscher-Express Hamm - Dortmund - Gelsenkirchen - Duisburg - Düsseldorf
    • Rhein-Express Emmerich - Wesel - Oberhausen - Duisburg - Düsseldorf - Cologne - Bonn - Koblenz
    • Westfalen-Express Düsseldorf - Duisburg - Essen - Dortmund - Hamm - Bielefeld - Minden
    • Rhein-Hellweg-Express Hamm - Dortmund - Essen - Duisburg - Krefeld - Mönchengladbach
  • local services (S-Bahn):
    • S1 Solingen - Düsseldorf - Duisburg - Essen - Dortmund
    • S2 Duisburg - Oberhausen - Gelsenkirchen - Herne - Dortmund
Series Operator Route Material Frequency Notes
ICE10 DB Berlin Ostbahnhof - Berlin Hbf - Berlin-Spandau - Wolfsburg Hbf - Hannover Hbf - Bielefeld Hbf - Hamm - Dortmund Hbf - Bochum Hbf - Essen Hbf - Duisburg Hbf - Düsseldorf Flughafen - Düsseldorf Hbf - Köln Messe/Deutz - Köln/Bonn Flughafen ICE 2 1x per hour
ICE 31 DB
ICE 41 DB Dortmund Hbf - Bochum Hbf - Essen Hbf - Duisburg Hbf - Düsseldorf Hbf - Köln Hbf - Siegburg/Bonn - Frankfurt/Main Flughafen Fernbahnhof - Mannheim Hbf - Stuttgart Hbf - Ulm Hbf - Augsburg Hbf - München-Pasing - München Hbf ICE 3 14x per day (up to every 30 minutes)
ICE 42 DB Hamburg-Altona - Hamburg Dammtor - Hamburg Hbf - Hamburg-Harburg - Bremen Hbf - Osnabrück Hbf - Münster Hbf - Dortmund Hbf - Bochum Hbf - Essen Hbf - Duisburg Hbf - Düsseldorf Hbf - Köln Hbf - Siegburg/Bonn - Frankfurt/Main Flughafen Fernbahnhof - Mannheim Hbf - Stuttgart Hbf - Ulm Hbf - Augsburg Hbf - München-Pasing - München Hbf ICE 3 1x per day
ICE 43 DB Amsterdam Centraal - Utrecht Centraal - Arnhem - Oberhausen Hbf - Duisburg Hbf - Düsseldorf Hbf - Köln Hbf - Siegburg/Bonn - Frankfurt/Main Flughafen Fernbahnhof - Mannheim Hbf - Karlsruhe Hbf - Offenburg - Freiburg Hbf - Basel Bad Bf - Basel SBB ICE 3M 1x per day
ICE 78 DB Amsterdam Centraal - Utrecht Centraal - Arnhem - Oberhausen Hbf - Duisburg Hbf - Düsseldorf Hbf - Köln Hbf - Siegburg/Bonn - Frankfurt/Main Flughafen Fernbahnhof - Frankfurt (Main) Hbf ICE 3M Every 2 Hours
IC26
IC30 DB Hamburg-Altona - Hamburg Hbf - Hamburg-Harburg - Bremen Hbf – Osnabrück Hbf - Münster HbfDortmund HbfBochum Hbf - Essen Hbf - Duisburg Hbf – Köln Hbf - Bonn HbfKoblenz Hbf - Mainz HbfMannheim Hbf - Heidelberg Hbf - Wiesloch-Walldorf - VaihingenStuttgart Hbf Every 2 Hours
IC32 DB Salzburg Hbf - Freilassing - Traunstein - Prien a Chiemsee - Bad Endorf - Rosenheim - München Ost - München Hbf - München-Pasing - Augsburg Hbf - Ulm Hbf - Göppingen - Plochingen - Stuttgart Hbf - Heidelberg Hbf - Mannheim Hbf - Mainz Hbf - Bingen Hbf - Koblenz Hbf - Andernach - Remagen - Bonn Hbf - Köln Hbf - Düsseldorf Hbf - Duisburg Hbf - Essen Hbf - Bochum Hbf - Dortmund Hbf - Hamm - Gütersloh Hbf -Bielefeld Hbf - Herford - Hannover Hbf - Wolfsburg Hbf - Berlin-Spandau - Berlin Hbf - Berlin Südkreuz DB Class 120 and IC stock Every 2 Hours
IC35 DB Norddeich Mole - Norddeich - Norden - Emden Hbf - Leer - Papenburg - Meppen - Lingen (Ems) - Rheine - Münster Hbf - Recklinghausen Hbf - Wanne-Eickel Hbf - Gelsenkirchen Hbf - Oberhausen Hbf - Duisburg Hbf - Düsseldorf Hbf - Köln Hbf - Bonn Hbf - Remagen - Andernach - Koblenz Hbf - Cochem - Bullay - Wittlich Hbf - Trier Hbf - Wasserbillig - Luxembourg DB Class 101, DB Class 120 and IC stock Every 2 Hours
IC51
IC55
RB31 Der Niederrheiner NordWestBahn Xanten - Alpen - Millingen (bei Rheinberg) - Rheinberg - Moers - Trompet - Rumeln - Rheinhausen - Duisburg Hbf 1x per hour
RB33 Rhein-Niers-Bahn DB Regio Wesel - Friedrichsfeld - Voerde - Dinslaken - Oberhausen-Holten - Oberhausen-Sterkrade - Oberhausen Hbf - Duisburg Hbf - Duisburg-Hochfeld Süd - Rheinhausen Ost - Rheinhausen - Hohenbudberg Bayerwerk - Krefeld-Uerdingen - Krefeld-Linn - Krefeld-Oppum - Krefeld Hbf - Forsthaus - Anrath - Viersen - Mönchengladbach Hbf DB Class 425 1x per hour
RB35 Der Weseler DB Regio (Emmerich - Praest - Millingen - Empel-Rees - Haldern - Mehrhoog - Wesel-Feldmark -) Wesel - Friedrichsfeld - Voerde - Dinslaken - Oberhausen-Holten - Oberhausen-Sterkrade - Oberhausen Hbf - Duisburg Hbf (- Düsseldorf Flughafen - Düsseldorf Hbf) DB Class 425, DB Class 110 + Coaching Stock 1x per hour To Emmerich and Düsseldorf at Peak Times (Monday - Friday)
RB37 Der Wedauer DB Regio Duisburg Hbf - Duisburg-Wedau - Duisburg-Bissingheim - Duisburg Entenfang DB Class 628 1x per hour

Long distance trains[edit]

Preceding station   Thalys   Following station
toward Paris-Nord
Thalys
Terminus
Preceding station   Deutsche Bahn   Following station
ICE 10
towards Munich Hbf
ICE 31
towards Kiel Hbf
ICE 41
towards Dortmund Hbf
ICE 42
towards Basel SBB
ICE 43
ICE 78
towards Cologne Hbf
IC 26
Köln-Hamburg
towards Chur
IC/EC 30
towards Innsbruck Hbf
IC/EC 32
IC/EC 35
towards Cologne Hbf
IC 55
towards Leipzig Hbf
towards Cologne Hbf
IC 51
CityNightLine 419
EuroNight 447
CityNightLine 457
toward Prague

Regional trains[edit]

Düsseldorf Airport S-Bahn service
Duisburg Hbf
Duisburg-Rahm
Düsseldorf-Angermund
Düsseldorf Airport
SkyTrain Parkhaus 4
SkyTrain Terminal A/B
SkyTrain Terminal C
Düsseldorf Airport Terminal C
Düsseldorf-Unterrath
Düsseldorf-Derendorf
Düsseldorf Zoo
Düsseldorf-Wehrhahn
Düsseldorf Hbf
Preceding station   Deutsche Bahn   Following station
toward Aachen Hbf
RE 1
NRW-Express
RE 2
Rhein-Haard-Express
toward Münster Hbf
toward Emmerich
RE 5
Rhein-Express
toward Koblenz Hbf
RE 6
Westfalen-Express
toward Minden
RE 11
Rhein-Hellweg-Express
toward Hamm
toward Xanten
RB 31
Der Niederrheiner
Terminus
toward Aachen Hbf
RB 33
Rhein-Niers-Bahn
toward Wesel
RB 35
Der Weseler
toward Emmerich
Terminus RB 37
Der Wedauer
Preceding station   eurobahn   Following station
RE 3
Rhein-Emscher-Express
toward Hamm
Preceding station   Rhine-Ruhr S-Bahn   Following station
toward Solingen Hbf
S 1
toward Dortmund Hbf
Terminus S 2
toward Dortmund Hbf

Stadtbahn lines[edit]

Preceding station   Rhine-Ruhr Stadtbahn   Following station
U79
901
903

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ "Bahn frei für den Umbau" (in German). Der Westen. 12 December 2008. Retrieved 18 August 2011. 
  2. ^ "Hauptbahnhof erstrahlt in neuem Glanze" (in German). Der Westen. 21 December 2009. Retrieved 18 August 2011. 

External links[edit]