|Nickname(s): Perla de Boyaca (The Pearl of Boyaca)|
Location of the town and municipality of Duitama in Boyacá Department.
|Founded||1556 - 1775 (Doctrinal Center)|
|Established||July 27, 1819|
|• Mayor||Constanza Ramirez|
|• Total||186 km2 (72 sq mi)|
|Elevation||2,530 m (8,300 ft)|
|• Density||560/km2 (1,500/sq mi)|
|Area code(s)||57 + 7|
|Website||Official website (Spanish)|
Duitama (Spanish pronunciation: [dwiˈtama]) is a city and municipality in Boyacá Department, part of the Tundama Province, a subregion of Boyaca, Colombia. It is located some 170 kilometres northeast of Bogotá, the capital city of Colombia and 55 kilometres northeast of Tunja, the capital city of Boyaca. Duitama has existed since pre-Columbian times. According to the local oral tradition, the city was founded by the Muisca Chief Tundama. The city has a population of about 142,000 people. The elevation of the city is about 2,532 m above sea level and the average temperature is 18 °C (65 °F). Duitama is known as "The Pearl of Boyacá".
Before the discovery of America, Tundama (Duitama) was governed by the cacique Tundama. Nemequene (the Zaque) was the leader of the "north" and his establishment was Hunza (Tunja). Though the Zaque was considered the king of the north (where Duitama is located), he did not have absolute control over the population. He was, however, considered a person of great power and a holy man.
Simón Bolívar (Plaza Libertadores)