Duitama

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Duitama
Duitama Center
Duitama Center
Flag of Duitama
Flag
Coat of arms of Duitama
Coat of arms
Nickname(s): Perla de Boyaca (The Pearl of Boyaca)
Location of the town and municipality of Duitama in Boyacá Department.
Location of the town and municipality of Duitama in Boyacá Department.
Coordinates: 5°50′N 73°01′W / 5.833°N 73.017°W / 5.833; -73.017
Country  Colombia
Department Boyacá
Province Tundama Province
Founded 1556 - 1775 (Doctrinal Center)
Established July 27, 1819
Government
 • Type Municipality
 • Mayor Constanza Ramirez
Area
 • Total 186 km2 (72 sq mi)
Elevation 2,530 m (8,300 ft)
Population (2012)[1]
 • Total 104,767
 • Density 560/km2 (1,500/sq mi)
Demonym Duitamense
Postal code 150461-69
Area code(s) 57 + 7
Website Official website (Spanish)

Duitama (Spanish pronunciation: [dwiˈtama]) is a city and municipality in Boyacá Department, part of the Tundama Province, a subregion of Boyaca, Colombia. It is located some 170 kilometres northeast of Bogotá, the capital city of Colombia and 55 kilometres northeast of Tunja, the capital city of Boyaca. Duitama has existed since pre-Columbian times. According to the local oral tradition, the city was founded by the Muisca Chief Tundama. The city has a population of about 142,000 people. The elevation of the city is about 2,532 m above sea level and the average temperature is 18 °C (65 °F). Duitama is known as "The Pearl of Boyacá".

History[edit]

Pre-Columbian

See also: Muisca

The same as the European countries, the muiscas had an established political society[1]; they also had religious beliefs, and an established economic system.

Before the discovery of America, Tundama (Duitama) was governed by the cacique Tundama. Nemequene (the Zaque) was the leader of the "north" and his establishment was Hunza (Tunja). Though the Zaque was considered the king of the north (where Duitama is located), he did not have absolute control over the population. He was, however, considered a person of great power and a holy man.

International events[edit]

in 1995, Duitama was the second city in Latin America to host the UCI Road World Championships. The first city to host that event was San Cristobal, Venezuela in 1977.

Gallery[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "World Gazetteer". 

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 5°50′N 73°01′W / 5.833°N 73.017°W / 5.833; -73.017