Duke Charles Louis Frederick of Mecklenburg
|Duke Charles Louis Frederick of Mecklenburg|
|Prince of Mirow|
|Spouse||Princess Elizabeth Albertine of Saxe-Hildburghausen|
Duke Adolf Friedrich IV
Duchess Elizabeth Christine
Duchess Sophie Louise
Duke Charles II
Duke Ernst Gottlob
Charlotte, Queen of the United Kingdom
Duke George Augustus
|House||House of Mecklenburg-Strelitz|
|Father||Adolf Frederick II, Duke of Mecklenburg-Strelitz|
|Mother||Princess Christiane Emilie of Schwarzburg-Sondershausen|
23 February 1708|
Strelitz, Duchy of Mecklenburg-Strelitz, Holy Roman Empire
|Died||5 June 1752
Duke Charles Louis Frederick of Mecklenburg, Prince of Mirow (German: Herzog Carl Ludwig Friedrich zu Mecklenburg, Prinz von Mirow; 23 February 1708 – 5 June 1752) was a member of the House of Mecklenburg-Strelitz and the father of Queen Charlotte of the United Kingdom.
Charles was born in Strelitz, the only son of the reigning Duke of Mecklenburg-Strelitz, Adolphus Frederick II, and his third wife, Princess Christiane Emilie of Schwarzburg-Sondershausen. His father died when he was only three months old. His half-brother succeeded Charles's father as Adolphus Frederick III, Duke of Mecklenburg-Strelitz. He inherited from his father the commandries of Mirow and Nemerow. After the death of his father he lived in Mirow with his mother. He later attended the University of Greifswald in Pomerania.
Charles, who played the transverse flute, set off in 1726 on a European tour to learn more about music. After visiting Geneva, Italy and France he went to Vienna and briefly entered the service of the Holy Roman Emperor as a Lieutenant Colonel before returning to Mirow.
After leaving the Army, Charles lived with his family in the castle of Mirow, spending most of his time managing his estates and attending to the education of his children. He lived at Mirow until his death there at the age of 44.
When his older half-brother, Adolphus Frederick III, died in December 1752 without a male heir, Charles Louis Frederick's son Adolf Friedrich IV became the next Duke of Mecklenburg-Strelitz.
Charles was married on 5 February 1735 in Eisfeld to Princess Elizabeth Albertine of Saxe-Hildburghausen, daughter of Ernest Frederick I, Duke of Saxe-Hildburghausen. She was regent to her son in 1752 and played a major part in the struggle for the throne at that time.
They had ten children, of whom six survived infancy:
- Duchess Christiane of Mecklenburg (6 December 1735 – 31 August 1794).
- Duchess Karoline of Mecklenburg (22 December 1736)
- Duke Adolf Friedrich IV of Mecklenburg (5 May 1738 – 2 June 1794); succeeded his half-uncle as reigning duke with the style Ducal Serene Highness.
- Duchess Elizabeth Christine of Mecklenburg (13 April 1739 – 9 April 1741).
- Duchess Sophie Louise of Mecklenburg (16 May 1740 – 31 January 1742).
- Duke Charles II of Mecklenburg (10 October 1741 – 6 November 1816). Father of Louise of Mecklenburg-Strelitz; succeeded his older brother as reigning duke with the style Ducal Serene Highness, until 28 June 1815, when Mecklenburg-Strelitz was elevated to grand ducal status, at which time Duke Charles II became Grand Duke Charles II.
- Duke Ernst Gottlob Albert of Mecklenburg (27 August 1742 – 27 January 1814)
- Duchess Charlotte of Mecklenburg (19 May 1744 – 17 November 1818). She became Queen consort to George III of the United Kingdom.
- Duke Gotthelf of Mecklenburg (29 October 1745 – 31 October 1745)
- Duke George Augustus of Mecklenburg (16 August 1748 – 14 November 1785)
- Watkins, John (1819). Memoirs of Her Most Excellent Majesty Sophia-Charlotte, Queen of Great Britain. H. Colburn. pp. 28–30.
- Carlyle, Thomas (1866). History of Friedrich the Second Called Frederick the Great. Harper & Brothers. pp. 477, 478.
- Sardelli, Federico Maria; Michael Talbot (2007). Vivaldi's Music for Flute And Recorder. Ashgate Publishing. p. 43. ISBN 0-7546-3714-X.
- Online Gotha