Duke Energy

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Duke Energy Corporation
Type Public
Traded as NYSEDUK
S&P 500 Component
Industry Energy
Founded 1904
Headquarters Charlotte, North Carolina, U.S.
Area served Duke Energy Ohio: Ohio, Kentucky
Duke Energy Indiana: Indiana
Duke Energy Carolinas: North Carolina, South Carolina
Duke Energy Progress: North Carolina, South Carolina
Duke Energy Florida: Florida
Key people James Buchanan Duke
Benjamin Newton Duke
Lynn Good (CEO)
Products Electricity generation, transmission and distribution, natural gas
Revenue Increase $ 24.60 billion (FY 2013)[1]
Operating income Increase $ 4.98 billion (FY 2013)[1]
Net income Increase $ 2.68 billion (FY 2013)[1]
Total assets Increase $ 114.78 billion (FY 2013)
Total equity Increase $ 41.41 billion (FY 2013)[1]
Employees 29,250 (July 3, 2012)
Website www.duke-energy.com

Duke Energy, headquartered in Charlotte, North Carolina, is the largest electric power holding company in the United States, with assets also in Canada and Latin America.

Overview[edit]

Based in Charlotte, North Carolina, Duke Energy owns 58,200 megawatts of base-load and peak generation in the United States, which it distributes to its 7.2 million customers. Duke Energy's service territory covers 104,000 square miles (270,000 km2) with 250,200 miles (402,700 km) of distribution lines.[2] In addition, Duke Energy has more than 4,300 megawatts of electric generation in Latin America.[3] It operates eight hydroelectric power plants in Brazil with an installed capacity of 2,307 megawatts.[4] Almost all of Duke Energy's Midwest generation comes from coal, natural gas, or oil, while half of its Carolinas generation comes from its nuclear power plants. During 2006, Duke Energy generated 148,798,332 megawatt-hours of electrical energy.

Duke Energy Renewable Services (DERS), a subsidiary of Duke Energy, specializes in the development, ownership, and operation of various generation facilities throughout the United States. This segment of the company operates 1,700 megawatts of generation. 240 megawatts of wind generation were under construction and 1,500 additional megawatts of wind generation were in planning stages.[5] On September 9, 2008, DERS updated its projections for future wind power capacity. By the end of 2008, it would have over 500 MW of nameplate capacity of wind power online, and an additional 5,000 MW in development.[6]

Subsidiaries[edit]

  • Duke Energy Carolinas (formerly Duke Power)
  • Duke Energy Ohio (formerly Cincinnati Gas & Electric Company)
  • Duke Energy Kentucky (formerly Union Light, Heat & Power)
  • Duke Energy Indiana (formerly Public Service Indiana)
  • Duke Energy Florida (formerly Florida Power Company)
  • Duke Energy Progress (formerly Carolina Power & Light)
  • Duke Energy Renewables
  • Duke Energy Retail
  • Duke Energy International

History[edit]

The company began in 1900 as the Catawba Power Company when Dr. Walker Gill Wylie and his brother financed the building of a hydroelectric power station at India Hook Shoals along the Catawba River near India Hook, South Carolina. In need of additional funding to further his ambitious plan for construction of a series of hydroelectric power plants, Wylie convinced James Buchanan Duke to invest in the Southern Power Company, founded in 1905.

In 1917 the Wateree Power Company was formed as a holding company for several utilities that had been founded and/or owned by Duke, his family, or his associates, and in 1924 the name was changed to Duke Power. In 1927, most of the subsidiary companies, including Southern Power Company, Cawtawba Power Company, Great Falls Power Company, and Western Carolina Power Company were merged into Duke Power, although Southern Public Utilities, 100% owned by Duke Power, maintained a legally separate existence for the retail marketing of Duke-generated power to residential and commercial customers.[7]

A 1973 labor dispute between mine workers and Duke Energy was the subject of the documentary Harlan County, USA. The film documents the use of "gun thugs" to intimidate striking workers.

In 1988, Nantahala Power & Light Co., which served southwestern North Carolina, was purchased by Duke and is now operated under the Duke Power Nantahala Area brand. Duke Power merged with PanEnergy, a natural gas company, in 1997 to form Duke Energy.[8] The Duke Power name continued as the electric utility business of Duke Energy until the Cinergy merger.

Duke Energy Field Services near Palestine, Texas. The facilities include refineries and oil wells throughout the region.

With the purchase of Cinergy Corporation announced in 2005 and completed on April 3, 2006, Duke Energy Corporation's customer base grew to include the Midwestern United States as well. The company operates nuclear power plants, coal-fired plants, conventional hydroelectric plants, natural-gas turbines to handle peak demand, and pumped hydro storage. During 2006, Duke Energy also acquired Chatham, Ontario-based Union Gas, which is regulated under the Ontario Energy Board Act (1998).

On January 3, 2007, Duke Energy spun off its gas business to form Spectra Energy. Duke Energy shareholders received 1 share of Spectra Energy for each 2 shares of Duke Energy. After the spin-off, Duke Energy now receives the majority of its revenue from its electric operations in portions of North Carolina, South Carolina, Kentucky, Ohio, and Indiana. The spinoff to Spectra also included Union Gas, which Duke Energy acquired the previous year.[citation needed]

On July 3, 2012, Duke Energy merged with Progress Energy Inc with the Duke Energy name being retained along with the Charlotte, North Carolina headquarters.[9][10]

Duke announced on June 18, 2013 that CEO Jim Rogers was retiring and Lynn Good would become the new CEO. Rogers has been CEO and Chairman since 2006, while Good was Chief Financial Officer of Duke since 2009, having joined Duke in the 2006 Cinergy merger. Roger's retirement was part of an agreement to end an investigation into Duke's Progress Energy acquisition in 2012.[11]

New nuclear power plant[edit]

On March 16, 2006, Duke Power announced that a Cherokee County, SC site had been selected for a potential new nuclear power plant. The site is jointly owned by Duke Power and Southern Company. Duke plans to develop the site for two Westinghouse Electric Company AP1000 (advanced passive) pressurized water reactors. Each reactor is capable of producing approximately 1,117 megawatts. (See Nuclear Power 2010 Program.)

On December 14, 2007, Duke Power submitted a Combined Construction and Operating License to the Nuclear Regulatory Commission, with an announcement that it will spend $160 million in 2008 on the plant with a total cost of 5–6 billion dollars.[12]

This site will be adjacent to the old site, which was never completed and abandoned in the early '80s, and used by James Cameron as a film set for the 1989 movie The Abyss.

Environmental record[edit]

In 1999 the United States Environmental Protection Agency commenced an enforcement action against Duke Energy for making modifications to very old and deteriorating coal-burning power plants without getting permits under the Clean Air Act. Duke asserted that a "modification" under the Clean Air Act did not require a permit. Environmental groups asserted that Duke was using loopholes in the law to increase emissions. Initially, Duke prevailed at the trial court level, but in 2006 the case was argued before the Supreme Court (Environmental Defense v. Duke Energy Corp. (05-848)). The Court unanimously ruled on April 2, 2007 that the modifications allowed the power plants to operate for more hours, increasing emissions, so Clean Air Act permits were needed.[13]

In 2002, researchers at the University of Massachusetts Amherst identified Duke Energy as the 46th-largest corporate producer of air pollution in the United States, with roughly 36 million pounds of toxic chemicals released annually into the air.[14] Major pollutants included sulfuric and hydrochloric acid, chromium compounds, and hydrogen fluoride.[15] The Political Economy Research Institute ranks Duke Energy 13th among corporations emitting airborne pollutants in the United States. The ranking is based on the quantity (80 million pounds in 2005) and toxicity of the emissions.[16] This change reflects the purchase of fossil fuel-heavy Cinergy, which occurred in 2005.

In early 2008, Duke Energy announced a plan to build the new, 800-megawatt Cliffside Unit 6 coal plant 55 miles (89 km) west of Charlotte, North Carolina. The plan has been strongly opposed by environmental groups such as Rising Tide North America, Rainforest Action Network, the community-based Canary Coalition as well as the Southern Environmental Law Center, which has threatened to sue Duke if it does not halt construction plans. On April 1, activists locked themselves to machinery at the Cliffside construction area as part of Fossil Fools Day.

Duke Energy has been "one of the most vocal advocates"[citation needed] for a "cap-and-trade" system to combat global CO2 emissions,[17] "and the company's CEO, Jim Rogers, thinks the company will profit from cap-and-trade".[citation needed] The company left the National Association of Manufacturers in part over differences on climate policy.[17][18]

In a joint venture with the French based global energy firm AREVA, under the nominal name of ADAGE, Duke Energy has planned a "Green" biomass burning facility in Mason County, Washington and is negotiating with forestland owners to secure the 600,000 tons of wood debris it needs yearly to fuel its $250 million biomass plant. The joint venture between electric power company Duke Energy and global nuclear services giant AREVA was created to build wood waste-to-energy power plants around the country.

ADAGE president Reed Wills announced the first Northwest outpost will be in the struggling timber town of Shelton, Washington.

The following pollutants are provided by DUKE-AREVA-ADAGE in their application for permit to the Department of Environmental Protection for a similar type of plant in Florida.

  • 247 tons per year – particulate matter
  • 239 tons per year – particulate matter 10
  • 233 tons per year – particulate matter 2.5
  • 249 tons per year – NOx (nitrogen oxides)
  • 246 tons per year – SO2 (sulfur dioxide)
  • 248 tons per year – CO (carbon monoxide)
  • 40 tons per year – H2SO4 – (sulfuric acid mist)
  • 63 tons per year – VOC (volatile organic compounds)
  • 29 tons per year – F (fluorides)[19]

Generating facilities[edit]

  • This list is partially complete due to the July 3, 2012, merger with Progress Energy.

"Green" (Biomass fired)[edit]

  • Shelton Biomass Facility (proposed)

Nuclear[edit]

Coal-fired[edit]

Hydroelectric[edit]

Conventional hydro[edit]

Following is a list of Duke Energy's thirty conventional hydroelectric facilities, in order of average electric production.[20] All properties are 100% owned by Duke, and all but Markland are located in North Carolina and South Carolina (Markland is located in southern Indiana).[21]

Pumped-storage hydro[edit]

Oil and gas-fired[edit]

  • Anclote Station
  • Asheville Combustion Turbines
  • Bartow Combined Cycle Station
  • Buzzard Roost Station
  • Cayuga Combustion Turbine Station
  • Connersville Peaking Station
  • Darlington County Electric Plant
  • Henry County Peaking Station
  • Hines Energy Complex
  • Lee Energy Complex
  • Lincoln Combustion Turbine Station
  • Madison Peaking Station
  • Miami-Wabash Peaking Station
  • Mill Creek Combustion Turbine Station
  • Noblesville Station
  • Rockingham Station
  • Smith Energy Complex
  • Sutton Combined Cycle Plant
  • Wabash River Repowering Station
  • Wheatland Peaking Station
  • Woodsdale Station
  • Anclote Station

Solar Farms[edit]

Awards[edit]

Duke Energy has been chosen as one of The 50 Best Employers In America by Business Insider[22]

Criticism[edit]

Following a February 2, 2014 coal ash spill which was the third-largest of its kind in US history, the US Attorney's Office opened a grand jury investigation into Duke Energy and North Carolina regulators in the administration of Governor Pat McCrory. McCrory had been an employee of Duke Energy for 28 years and critics have said his administration intervened on Duke's behalf to settle lawsuits over environmental violations.[23] The US Attorney subpoenaed over 20 officials of the McCrory administration and sought records of "investments, cash or other items of value" from Duke to regulators.[24]

On February 14, 2011, Greenpeace launched a campaign in which Phil Radford called on Duke Energy to "not renew a single new contract for mountaintop removal coal, deliver at least a third of Duke's energy from renewable sources by 2020, and quit coal altogether by 2030."[25] In May 2013, university student activists launched a divestment campaign against Duke Energy and other coal plant operators.[26]

In July 2012, Duke Energy was criticized for paying former Progress Energy CEO Bill Johnson $44 million in compensation, including $10 million severance, for essentially 20 minutes on the job as Duke CEO.[27][28] On July 10, new CEO Jim Rogers spoke before the N.C. Utilities Commission, explaining the reason for Johnson's dismissal as "loss of confidence". He also mentioned an "autocratic style", though some former Progress directors disagreed.[29]

In December 2011, the non-partisan organization Public Campaign criticized Duke Energy for spending $17.47 million on lobbying and not paying any taxes during 2008 through 2010 and receiving $216 million in tax rebates, despite making a profit of $5.4 billion and increasing executive pay by 145% to $17.2 million in 2010 for its top 5 executives.[30] The company has recently become the object of protest for its close relationship to the Democratic Party and its funding for the 2012 Democratic National Convention.[31]

In 2002, Duke Energy was awarded the Ig Nobel Prize in Economics for "adapting the mathematical concept of imaginary numbers for use in the business world".[32]

Taxes[edit]

Duke Energy Office in Raleigh, NC

Duke Energy owns the Crystal River Energy Complex in rural Citrus County, Florida which includes the now-closed Crystal River 3 Nuclear Power Plant and four fossil-fuel power stations using coal. In late 2012, Duke paid $19 million of their 2012 property tax bill of $36 million, and filed suit against the county, claiming the assessment was too high. Duke Power owns 4,700 acres (1,900 hectares) of land and improvements assessed at over $2 billion, constituting more than a quarter of the county tax base.[33] Citrus County Property Appraiser Geoff Greene commented, "Given the complexity, history and dispute over the last year's assessment of Duke Energy's property, an independent appraisal team was needed and tasked to arrive at a fair and just value."[34] With the financial assistance from the Board of County Commissioners and the School Board,[34] Greene hired two independent appraisal firms at a cost of $330,000.[33] After five months of inspection, documentation and crunching numbers,[34] the outside appraisal concluded that the county assessment was incorrect at $2.32 billion; it should have been $3.47 billion. Based on that figure, Duke owed the remaining $17 million for 2012 and 2013 taxes should be $54.6 million. Greene stated, "There were a lot of unreported and underreported items."[33][34]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d "Duke Energy 2013 Annual Report, Form 10-K, Filing Date Feb 18, 2014". secdatabase.com. Retrieved February 18, 2013. 
  2. ^ http://www.duke-energy.com/pdfs/de-factsheet.pdf
  3. ^ "Duke Energy International Announces Sale of Bolivian Power Plant Assets". Duke Energy. Retrieved 7 September 2010. 
  4. ^ "Duke Energy International". CorporateInformation. Retrieved 7 September 2010. 
  5. ^ "Overview - Duke Energy". Duke Energy. Retrieved 2008-09-12. 
  6. ^ "Duke Energy Expands Wind Business". Duke Energy. 2008-09-09. Retrieved 2008-09-12. 
  7. ^ U.S. Federal Trade Commission (1935), Utility Corporations No. 766 Duke Power Co., pp. 9–14.
  8. ^ "Duke Power To Purchase Panenergy For $7.7 Billion". The Seattle Times. 1996-11-25. Retrieved 2014-10-22. 
  9. ^ "Duke Energy, Progress Energy to merge in $26B deal". WRAL-TV. 
  10. ^ "Duke Energy and Progress Energy Have Merged". Duke Energy. 
  11. ^ Polson, Jim (June 18, 2013). "Duke Picks CFO Lynn Good to Be Next CEO, Replacing Rogers". Washington Post/Bloomberg. Retrieved 5 July 2013. 
  12. ^ Daily, Matt (December 13, 2007). "UPDATE 1-Duke Energy files to build new nuclear power plant". Reuters. 
  13. ^ Coyle, Marcia (2007-04-02). "Court Hands Ruling to EPA". Online NewsHour: Analysis. PBS. Retrieved 2011-01-05. 
  14. ^ Political Economy Research Institute Toxic 100 (Study released May 11, 2006) retrieved 15 Aug 2007
  15. ^ Toxics Release Inventory courtesy rtknet.org
  16. ^ PERI - Political Economy Research Institute: Toxic 100 Index
  17. ^ a b "Duke Energy Quits The Right-Wing National Association Of Manufacturers Over Differences On Climate Policy", ThinkProgress
  18. ^ Burke, Jordan (2009-05-08). "Duke Energy to Leave Trade Group Over Climate Policy". Reuters. Retrieved 2011-01-05. 
  19. ^ http://www.thenewstribune.com/2010/02/05/1057583/biomass-facility-planned-in-shelton.html#ixzz0m8oN0Z57
  20. ^ http://www.duke-energy.com/power-plants/hydro.asp
  21. ^ http://www.duke-energy.com/pdfs/DukeEnergy_2011_AR-10k.pdf, page 26
  22. ^ Vivian, Giang. "The 50 Best Employers In America". Business Insider. Retrieved 5 February 2014. 
  23. ^ Associated Press. 2014-02-13 http://bigstory.ap.org/article/apnewsbreak-us-investigates-nc-environment-agency |url= missing title (help). Retrieved 2014-02-23. 
  24. ^ Biesecker, Michael (2014-02-14). "INVESTIGATION INTO NC COAL ASH SPILL WIDENS". Associated Press. Retrieved 2014-02-23. 
  25. ^ Phil Radford. "2012 is Make or Break for the Planet for Dirty Duke Energy". Greenpeace. Retrieved 21 August 2013. 
  26. ^ Shogren, Elizabeth (May 10, 2013). "College Divestment Campaigns Creating Passionate Environmentalists". NPR. Retrieved May 10, 2013. 
  27. ^ "Duke Energy's CEO move sparks anger, questions". The Charlotte Observer. 6 July 2012. Retrieved 6 July 2012.  |first1= missing |last1= in Authors list (help)
  28. ^ USA Today: Progress Energy CEO ousted after Duke merger http://www.usatoday.com/money/industries/energy/story/2012-07-06/duke-progress-merger-problems/56061668/1
  29. ^ Marawski, John; Ranii, David (11 July 2012). "Rogers blames 'loss of confidence' in ex-Progress Energy CEO". News & Observer. Retrieved 11 July 2012. 
  30. ^ Portero, Ashley. "30 Major U.S. Corporations Paid More to Lobby Congress Than Income Taxes, 2008-2010". International Business Times. Archived from the original on 26 December 2011. Retrieved 26 December 2011. 
  31. ^ McMillan, Caroline (16 August 2012). "Duke Energy's Rogers' ties to Democratic National Convention protested Read more here: http://www.newsobserver.com/2012/08/16/2273820/duke-energys-rogers-ties-to-democratic.html#storylink=cpy". Charlotte News & Observer. Retrieved 17 August 2012. At a news conference in front of Duke Energy headquarters Thursday, a half-dozen local activists protested the company's and CEO Jim Rogers' involvement with the Democratic National Committee. Read more here: http://www.newsobserver.com/2012/08/16/2273820/duke-energys-rogers-ties-to-democratic.html#storylink=cpy 
  32. ^ http://www.improbable.com/ig/ig-pastwinners.html#ig2002
  33. ^ a b c Ivan Penn, Drew Harwell (May 30, 2013). "Outside appraisal boosts Citrus County's tax claim against Duke Energy". Tampa Bay Times. Retrieved 13 June 2013. 
  34. ^ a b c d "Professional appraisal concludes Duke Energy owes money to county". Citrus Times Online. June 13, 2013. Retrieved 13 June 2013. 

External links[edit]