Duke Huan of Zheng

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Duke Huan of Zheng
鄭桓公
Duke of Zheng
Reign 806–771 BC
Predecessor none
Successor Duke Wu of Zheng
Full name
Ancestral name: Ji (姬)
Given name: You (友)
Father King Li of Zhou (Records of the Grand Historian)
King Xuan of Zhou (Bamboo Annals)
Died 771 BC

Duke Huan of Zheng (simplified Chinese: 郑桓公; traditional Chinese: 鄭桓公; pinyin: Zhèng Huán Gōng), was the founder of the state of Zheng during the early Zhou Dynasty of ancient China. According to the Records of the Grand Historian, he was the son of King Li of Zhou while according to the Bamboo Annals, he was the son of King Xuan of Zhou. His ancestral name was Ji (姬), given name You (友), and Duke Huan was his posthumous name.

In 806 BC, he was bestowed the land of Zheng (northwest of modern Hua County, Shaanxi) by King Xuan of Zhou. In 773 BC, the 33rd year of the reign of Duan Huan of Zheng, King You of Zhou gave him the position of Minister over the Masses due to the people's love for him.

State Relocation[edit]

Due to the instability during the rule of King You of Zhou, Duke Huan of Zheng consulted Taishi Bo (太史伯) on his opinions on state relocation. Duke Huan expressed that he wished to move the country to the west or to the Yangtze River Basin. Taishi Bo indicated that establishing a country in the west would not last long since the people of the west were avaricious and greedy, and that establishing a country in the Yangtze River Basin would be unfavourable for the country since the state of Chu was expanding in the south. In the end, Duke Huan listened to the advice of Taishi Bo and moved the country to the east of Luoyang, south of the Yellow River and the Ji River (濟河), and named it New Zheng (新鄭).

After relocating the country, other nearby states such as the state of Kuai (鄶) and Guo offered Duke Huan ten cities, which were incorporated into the land of his country.

Death[edit]

In 771 BC, the 45th of his reign, the Quanrong attacked the Zhou capital Haojing and killed both King Xuan of Zhou and Duke Huan of Zheng. His son, Juetu (掘突) assumed the throne as Duke Wu of Zheng.

Duke Huan of Zheng
Cadet branch of the House of Ji
Chinese nobility
New creation Duke of Zheng
?-771 BC
Succeeded by
Duke Wu of Zheng