Duke Jian of Qin

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Duke Jian of Qin
秦簡公
Ruler of Qin
Reign 414–400 BC
Predecessor Duke Ling of Qin
Successor Duke Hui II of Qin
House House of Ying
Father Duke Huai of Qin
Born 428 BC
Died 400 BC (aged 28)

Duke Jian of Qin (Chinese: 秦簡公; pinyin: Qín Jiǎn Gōng, 428–400 BC) was from 414 to 400 BC the 26th ruler of the Zhou Dynasty Chinese state of Qin that eventually united China to become the Qin Dynasty. His ancestral name was Ying (), and Duke Jian was his posthumous title.[1][2]

Duke Jian was the younger son of Duke Huai of Qin and the uncle of his predecessor Duke Ling. When Duke Ling died in 415 BC, the throne was passed to Duke Jian instead of Duke Ling's son, the later Duke Xian.[1][2]

During Duke Jian's reign Qin was defeated several times by the State of Wei, then a major power of the Warring States period.[3]

Duke Jian reigned for 15 years and died in 400 BC, aged 28. He was succeeded by his son, Duke Hui II of Qin.[1][2]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c Sima Qian. 秦本纪 [Annals of Qin]. Records of the Grand Historian (in Chinese). guoxue.com. Retrieved 3 May 2012. 
  2. ^ a b c Han, Zhaoqi (2010). "Annals of Qin". Annotated Shiji (in Chinese). Zhonghua Book Company. pp. 415–417. ISBN 978-7-101-07272-3. 
  3. ^ Sima Qian. 魏世家 [House of Wei]. Records of the Grand Historian (in Chinese). guoxue.com. Retrieved 3 May 2012. 
Duke Jian of Qin
Born: 428 BC Died: 400 BC
Regnal titles
Preceded by
Duke Ling of Qin
Duke of Qin
414–400 BC
Succeeded by
Duke Hui II of Qin