Duke of Chartres

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
The arms of the town of Chartres in France, the town associated the titles Count and Duke of Chartres

Originally, the Duchy of Chartres (duché de Chartres) was the comté de Chartres, a County. The title of comte de Chartres thus became duc de Chartres. This duchypeerage was given by Louis XIV of France to his nephew, Philippe II d'Orléans, at his birth in 1674. Philippe II was the younger son and heir of the king's brother, Philippe de France, Duke of Orléans.

Carolingian Counts[edit]

  • 882-886 Hastings, Norman Chief, beat Carloman II of France in 879, agreed to settle and received the County of Chartres. He sold it in 886 to finance an expedition during which he disappeared.[1]

Hereditary Counts[edit]

House of Blois[edit]

Main article: Counts of Blois

The northern portion of the County of Blois, bordering on Normandy, was sometimes alienated as the County of Chartres, but the Counts of Blois who possessed it did not use a separate title for it. In 1391, the death of the only son of Guy II, Count of Blois prompted him to sell the inheritance of the County of Blois to Louis of Valois, Duke of Orléans, merging the title into the royal dukedom.

960-975 Theobald I of Blois († 975), Count of Blois and Chartres, which he took in 960

Married to Luitgarde of Vermandois

975-995 Odo I, Count of Blois, († 995), Count Chartres, and Reims Count (982-995), son of the previous

Married to Bertha of Burgundy

995-1004 Thibaut II († 1004), Count of Blois, Chartres and Reims, the son of the previous

1004-1023 Eudes II of Blois († 1037), Count of Blois, Chartres, Reims, de Meaux and Troyes, brother of the previous

wedding first married in 1003 to Mathilde de Normandie († 1006)
Married to his second wife Ermengearde Auvergne

1037-1089 Theobald III, Count of Blois (1019 † 1089), Count of Blois, Chartres, Meaux and Troyes son of Eudes II and Ermengearde d'Auvergne

wedding first married to Gersende of Maine
Married to his second wife Adèle of Valois

1089-1102 Stephen II, Count of Blois († 1102), Count of Blois, Chartres and Meaux, son of Thibaut III and Gersende of Maine.

Married to Adela of Normandy

1102-1151 Theobald II, Count of Champagne († 1152), Count of Blois, Chartres and Meaux, and then Count of Champagne in 1125, son of the former.

Married 1123 to Mathilde of Carinthia († 1161)

1151-1191 Theobald V, Count of Blois († 1191), Count of Blois and Chartres, son of the former.

wedding first married to Sibylle Châteaurenard
married his second wife in 1164 to Alix of France

1191-1205 Louis I, Count of Blois († 1205), Count of Blois and Chartres, son of the previous and Alix de France

married 1184 to Catherine de Clermont

1205-1218 Theobald VI, Count of Blois († 1218), son of the previous

wedding first married to Mahaut of Alençon
Married to his second wife Clemence des Roches

1218-1248: Isabelle of Chartres († 1248), Countess of Chartres and Romorantin

married to Sulpice d'Amboise, then to Jean de Montmirail, Vicomte de Cambrai († 1244).

House of Blois-Châtillon[edit]

Theobald V, Count of Blois married his second wife in 1164 to Alix of France and father of:
Margaret, Countess of Blois, married to Gautier to Avesnes, lord of Guise, mother of:
Mary, Countess of Blois († 1241), married to Hugues de Châtillon (v.1196 † 1248), comte de Saint-Pol, mother of:

1248-1280 John I, Count of Blois († 1280), son of the previous

married 1254 to Alice of Brittany (1243-1288)

1280-1291 Joan, Countess of Blois († 1292), daughter of the previous

married 1272 to Pierre de France († 1283), count of Alençon and de Valois. In 1286, she sells the county of Chartres to Philippe IV le bel King of France

Counts apanage[edit]

Branch of Capetian de Valois[edit]

The kings of France installed Vidame of Chartres to administer the city and county. But it seems that the title was given to princes of blood.

Charles de France, (1270 † 1325), Valois Count, Alençon, du Perche of Chartres, Anjou and Maine

wedding first married to Margaret of Anjou (1273 † 1299), Countess of Anjou and Maine
Married to his second wife Catherine de Courtenay (1274 † 1308) Empress of Constantinople holder
married third wedding at Mahaut of Châtillon (1293 † 1358), cousin of Jeanne de Blois-Châtillon

Jean de Valois (1302 † 1310), Count de Chartres, son of Charles of Valois and Catherine de Courtenay

Louis de Valois (1318 † 1328), Count de Chartres, son of Charles of Valois and Mahaut de Châtillon

Charles de Valois-Alençon (1297 † 1346), count of Alençon and de Chartres, son of Charles of Valois and Margaret of Anjou

Renée de France (1509 † 1575), Duchesse de Chartres, daughter of Louis XII and Anne Brittany, married to Hercules d'Este, Duke of Ferrara

Duke of Chartres[edit]

The arms of the House of Orléans.

After its revival and elevation, the title duc de Chartres was used by the House of Orléans, founded by Philippe de France, duc d'Orléans, and cadet branch of the House of Bourbon.

Branch of Capetian de Valois[edit]

Renée de France (1509 † 1575), Duchesse de Chartres, daughter of Louis XII and Anne Brittany, married to Hercules d'Este, Duke of Ferrara

Alfonso II d'Este, Duke of Ferrara, their son.

Fils de France[edit]

1626-1660 Gaston, Duke of Orléans, (1608–1660) son of King Henri IV

1660-1674 Philippe I, Duke of Orléans, (1640–1701 ) son of King Louis XIII the Just'

Branch of Capetian d'Orleans[edit]

From 1674 until today,the title of 'Duke of Chartres is the eldest son of the 'Duke of Orleans

1674-1701:Philippe II, said "the Pious" (1674–1723) son of preceding;

1703-1723:Louis IV (1703–1752) son of the previous;

1725-1752:Louis Philippe I, Duke of Orléans, "the Fat" (1725–1785) son of preceding;

1752-1785:Louis Philippe II, Duke of Orléans (1747–1793) son of the previous waives his title in 1792 and takes the name of "Philippe Equality";

1785-1793:Louis Philippe III, Duke of Orléans (1773–1850) son of preceding. Access to power in 1830 under the name of Louis-Philippe Ier.

1810-1830:Ferdinand-Philippe (1810–1842) son of preceding

After 1848[edit]

  • Robert, a younger brother of the comte de Paris was titled duc de Chartres (1840–1910).

The title is currently held, as a courtesy title, by

References[edit]

  1. ^ Michel Dillange. Les Comtes de Poitou - Dukes of Aquitaine (778-1204). La Crèche: Geste éditions, 1995. ISBN 2-910919-09-9