Duke of Cumberland

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For the steamship, see TSS Duke of Cumberland.
Duke of Cumberland
Style His Royal Highness
Sir
Residence Royal Lodge
Appointer Monarch of England, and successor states
Term length Life tenure or until accession as Sovereign
Formation 1644
Salary Undisclosed
HRH Prince Ernest Augustus, the last person to hold the title, was deprived thereof in 1919

Duke of Cumberland is a peerage title that was conferred upon junior members of the British Royal Family, named after the county of Cumberland.

History[edit]

The first creation, in the Peerage of England, was in 1644 for Prince Rupert of the Rhine, nephew of King Charles I. When he died without heirs, the title was created again in the Peerage of England in 1689 for Prince George of Denmark, husband of Princess Anne, younger daughter of King James II. He also died without heirs, in 1708. Neither of these men, however, was usually known by their peerage title.

The third creation, in the Peerage of Great Britain, was for Prince William, the second son of King George II. Other titles granted to Prince William were Marquess of Berkhampstead, Earl of Kennington, Viscount Trematon and Baron Alderney. Since the Prince died unmarried and without children, his titles became extinct at his death.

The title was created again in the Peerage of Great Britain, but occurring in the combined form as "Duke of Cumberland and Strathearn". The dukedom and also the Earldom of Dublin in the Peerage of Ireland were bestowed on Prince Henry, the third son of Frederick, Prince of Wales, and grandson of King George II. Since Prince Henry died without legitimate children, the title became extinct again.

The last creation was also in the Peerage of Great Britain, this time in the combined form of "Duke of Cumberland and Teviotdale". The dukedom was bestowed on Ernest Augustus (later King of Hanover), fifth son of King George III of the United Kingdom. The title was suspended for the third Duke's pro-German activities during World War I under the 1917 Titles Deprivation Act, as it was for his son. Under the Act the lineal male heirs of the 3rd Duke of Cumberland and Teviotdale have the right to petition the British Crown for the restoration of his peerages. To date, none has done so. The present heir is Prince Ernst August of Hanover (born 26 February 1954), great grandson of the 3rd Duke and current head of the House of Hanover. He is the senior male-line descendant of George III of the United Kingdom.

List of titleholders[edit]

Dukes of Cumberland, first Creation (1644)[edit]

Duke Portrait Birth Marriages Death
The Prince Rupert
House of Wittelsbach
1644–1682
also: Earl of Holderness (1644)
Prince Rupert 17 December 1619
Prague
son of Frederick V, Elector Palatine and Elizabeth Stuart, Queen of Bohemia
Never Married 29 November 1682
Westminster
aged 62
Nephew of Charles I, died without legitimate issue.

Dukes of Cumberland, second Creation (1689)[edit]

Duke Portrait Birth Marriages Death
The Prince George
House of Oldenburg
1689–1708
also: Earl of Kendal and Baron Wokingham (1689)
Prince George 2 June 1653
Copenhagen Castle
son of Frederick III of Denmark and Sophie Amalie of Brunswick-Lüneburg
Anne
28 July 1683
1 child
28 October 1708
Kensington Palace
aged 62
Husband of Queen Anne, died without surviving issue.

Dukes of Cumberland, third Creation (1726)[edit]

also Marquess of Berkhamstead, Earl of Kennington, Viscount Trematon and Baron Alderney (Great Britain, 1726)

Dukes of Cumberland and Strathearn (1766)[edit]

also Earl of Dublin (Ireland, 1766)

Dukes of Cumberland and Teviotdale (1799)[edit]

also Earl of Armagh (Ireland, 1799)

Heirs to the Dukedom, if restored[edit]

See also[edit]