Duke of Gloucester Islands

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Duke of Gloucester Islands is located in Pacific Ocean
Duke of Gloucester Islands
Duke of Gloucester Islands
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Location of the Duke of Gloucester Islands in the Pacific Ocean
Map of the Tuamotus; the Duke of Gloucester Islands are located south of the main Tuamotu atoll cluster.

The Duke of Gloucester Islands (French: Îles du Duc de Gloucester) is a subgroup of the Tuamotu group in French Polynesia. They are located southeast of Tahiti and south of the main Tuamotu atoll cluster and are rather isolated. (20°38′S 143°20′W / 20.633°S 143.333°W / -20.633; -143.333)[1]

Atolls[edit]

The Duke of Gloucester Islands include four atolls of relatively small size:

Hereheretue (19°52′S 144°58′W / 19.867°S 144.967°W / -19.867; -144.967) is located slightly off to the northwest of the group of the other three atolls which lie at 20°40′S 143°20′W / 20.667°S 143.333°W / -20.667; -143.333 and are uninhabited; the only permanently inhabited island of the Îles du Duc de Gloucester is Hereheretue (57 inhabitants in 2002).

History[edit]

First sighting recorded by Europeans was by the Spanish expedition of Pedro Fernández de Quirós on 4 February 1606. They were named Cuatro Coronas (Four Crowns in Spanish). Gaspar González de Leza, pilot of Fernández de Quiros, charted them as Cuatro Anegadas (in Spanish, the Flooded Four).[2]

They were renamed Duke of Gloucester by British explorer Philip Carteret who visited them in 1767.

Administration[edit]

Administratively the four atolls of the Duke of Gloucester Islands belong to the commune of Hereheretue, which is associated with the Hao commune.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Samuel Augustus Mitchell, An accompaniment to Mitchell's map of the world on Mercator's projection
  2. ^ Burney, James A chronological history of the discoveries in the South Sea or Pacific Ocean London, 1803, vII, p.326.

External links[edit]

Media related to Duke of Gloucester Islands at Wikimedia Commons

Coordinates: 20°33′54″S 143°17′46″W / 20.565°S 143.296°W / -20.565; -143.296