Duke of Moctezuma de Tultengo

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Corona de duque.svg
Duke of Moctezuma de Tultengo
Creation date October 11, 1865
Created by Isabella II of Spain
Peerage Peerage of Spain
First holder Antonio María Marcilla de Teruel-Moctezuma y Navarro, descendant of Pedro Tesifón de Moctezuma y de la Cueva, 1st Count of Moctezuma (1627-1639)
Present holder Juan José Marcilla de Teruel-Moctezuma y Valcárcel
Heir apparent Sofia Marcilla de Teruel-Moctezuma y Capelo
Remainder to
Coat of Arms of the Duke of Montezuma de Tultengo
The Palace of Moctezuma, Ciudad Rodrigo, one of many palaces erected by the descendants of Moctezuma II.

Duke of Moctezuma de Tultengo (Spanish: Duque de Moctezuma de Tultengo) is a hereditary title in the Spanish nobility held by a line of descendants of Emperor Moctezuma II, the ninth Tlatoani, or ruler, of Tenochtitlan. Since 1766 the title has been attached to a Grandeza de España, or a place in the Spanish peerage — the highest honor accorded to Spanish nobility. (See also Mexican nobility)

History[edit]

The title was granted to Antonio María Marcilla de Teruel-Moctezuma y Navarro, 14th Count of Moctezuma de Tultengo and 11th Marquis of Tenebrón on October 11, 1865 by Isabella II of Spain as Duke of Moctezuma (without the qualification of 'de Tultengo') to elevate his status from Count to Duke.

The original title of Count of Moctezuma, from which it descends, was given by Philip IV of Spain in 1627 to Pedro Tesifón Moctezuma de la Cueva, 1st Viscount of Ilucán, Lord of Tula and Peza, a Knight of Santiago and a great-grandson of Moctezuma II through his son Pedro de Moctezuma Tlacahuepan. Charles II of Spain later granted the second holder of this title the qualification of de Tultengo, in reference to a town in the Mexican state of Hidalgo which was part of the inheritance of Moctezuma's son Pedro. All subsequent holders from 1635-1865 used the title, "Count of Moctezuma de Tultengo" until the advancement to the rank of duke removed de Tultengo.

The current holder of the title is Juan José Marcilla de Teruel-Moctezuma y Valcárcel, 6th Duke of Moctezuma de Tultengo and 16th Marquis of Tenebrón who assumed the title and was regranted the qualification of de Tultengo (as the second Count of Moctezuma was in 1639) by Juan Carlos I of Spain in 1992.

List of holders[edit]

Counts of Moctezuma and Counts of Moctezuma de Tultengo[edit]

Titular Period
Created by Philip IV of Spain
Counts of Moctezuma
I Pedro Tesifón de Moctezuma y de la Cueva 1627–1639
Counts of Moctezuma de Tultengo
Designated by Charles II of Spain
II Diego Luis de Moctezuma y Porres 1639–1680
III Jerónima María de Moctezuma y Jofré de Loaysa 1680–1692
IV Fausta Dominga Sarmiento de Vallardares y Moctezuma 1692–1697
V Melchora Juana Sarmiento de Valladares y Moctezuma 1697–1717
VI María Teresa Nieto de Silva y Moctezuma 1717 or 1735-unknown
VII Jerónimo María de Oca Nieto de Silva Cisneros y Moctezuma
VIII Joaquín Ginés de Oca Moctezuma y Mendoza unknown-1795
IX Clara de Oca Moctezuma y Mendoza 1795–1799
X José Antonio Marcilla de Teruel y Oca Moztezuma 1799-unknown
XI Mariana Josefa Marcilla de Teruel Moctezuma y García de Alcaraz
XII Alonso Marcilla de Teruel Moctezuma y Calatayud unknown-1836
XIII Pedro Nolasco Marcilla de Teruel y Oca Moctezuma 1836–1849
XIV Antonio María Marcilla de Teruel-Moctezuma y Navarro 1849–1865
Last Count of Moctezuma de Tultengo, 1st Duke of Moctezuma

Dukes of Moctezuma and Dukes of Moctezuma de Tultengo[edit]

Titular Period
Dukes of Moctezuma
Created by Isabel II of Spain
I Antonio María Marcilla de Teruel-Moctezuma y Navarro 1865–1890
II Luis María Moctezuma-Marcilla de Teruel y Liñán 1890–1929
III Luis María Moctezuma-Marcilla de Teruel y Gómez de Arteche 1929–1936
IV Fernando Moctezuma-Marcilla de Teruel y Gómez de Arteche 1940–1985
Dukes of Moctezuma de Tultengo
Designated by Juan Carlos I of Spain
V Juan José Marcilla de Teruel-Moctezuma y Jiménez 1992–2012
VI Juan José Marcilla de Teruel-Moctezuma y Valcárcel 2014–

Bibliography[edit]