Duke of Ferrara and of Modena

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List of Dukes of Ferrara and of Modena

Emperor Frederick III elevated the Italian family of Este, Lords of Ferrara, to Dukes of Modena and Reggio in 1452, and Dukes of Ferrara in 1471. In 1597, they lost the succession of Ferrara itself to the Papal States. They continued to rule the Duchy of Modena and Reggio in the Emilia until 1796, when it became part of Napoleon Bonaparte's Cispadane Republic. In 1814 the duchy was restored under the Habsburg grandson of the last Este Duke, continuing until annexed by Piedmont-Sardinia in 1859.

Lords of Este and Margraves of Milan[edit]

The list of Margraves of Milan continues on Rulers of Milan

Lords of Ferrara, Modena and Reggio[edit]

Este Dukes of Ferrara, Modena and Reggio[edit]

The Duchy of Modena (in the dark purple) and of Ferrara (in the light purple) in the context of late 15th century Italy.

Este Dukes of Modena and Reggio[edit]

Habsburg – Este Dukes of Modena and Reggio, 1814–1860[edit]

(from 1815 also Duke of Mirandola and from 1829 Duke of Massa and Prince of Carrara)

Habsburg – Este Dukes of Modena and Reggio, Dukes of Mirandola, Dukes of Massa and Princes of Carrara post monarchy[edit]

See also[edit]