Duke of Palmela
The Duke of Palmela (in Portuguese Duque de Palmela) is a Portuguese title granted by royal decree of Queen Maria II of Portugal, dated from October 18, 1850, to Dom Pedro de Sousa Holstein (1781-1850), a Portuguese politician during the first half of the 19th century. He was President of the Council of Ministers (Head of the Portuguese Government) and a remarkable Ambassador in London and to the Congress of Vienna.
The original title was Count of Palmela, granted by Queen Maria I, on April 11, 1812) which was successively upgraded to Marquis of Palmela (by King John VI on July 3, 1823) and to Duke of Faial (by Queen Maria II on April 4, 1836). The same Queen replaced the title of Duke of Faial by the new one of Duke of Palmela (October 18, 1850).
Family Name and Origins
The original family name associated with the House of Palmela is Sousa Holstein. More recently, they also use Sousa Holstein Beck.
They descend from the Sousa family (Lords of Calhariz) and, by female line, from the Dukes of Holstein. The 1st Duke of Palmela mother was Maria Anna Leopoldine, Princess of Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg-Beck.
List of the Dukes of Palmela
- D. Pedro de Sousa Holstein (1781-1850)
- D. Domingos de Sousa Holstein (1818-1864)
- D. Maria Luísa Domingas de Sales de Borja de Assis de Paula de Sousa Holstein, (1841-1909)
- D. Helena Maria de Sousa Holstein (1864-1941)
- D. Domingos Maria do Espírito Santo José Francisco de Paula de Sousa Holstein-Beck (1897-1969)
- D. Luís Maria da Assunção de Sousa Holstein-Beck (1919-1997)
- D. Pedro Domingos de Sousa e Holstein-Beck (1951- )
This family holds several titles. All were granted by royal decree in the 19th century:
- Marquis of Palmela, by decree of King John VI of Portugal, dated from July 3, 1823;
- Marquis of Faial by decree of Queen Maria II of Portugal, dated from December 1, 1834.
- Marquis of Sousa Holstein by decree of King Pedro V of Portugal, dated from September 3, 1855;
- Marquis of Monfalim by decree of King Luis I of Portugal, dated from August 9, 1861;
- Marquis of Sesimbra by decree of King Luis I of Portugal, dated from February 2, 1864.
- Viscount of Lançada by decree of Queen Maria II of Portugal, dated from January 10, 1849;
- Count of Palmela, by decree of Queen Maria I of Portugal, dated from April 4, 1812;
- Count of Calhariz, by decree of King John VI of Portugal, dated from October 2, 1823;
- "Nobreza de Portugal e do Brasil" – Vol. III, page 99/106. Published by Zairol Lda., Lisbon 1989.
- "A Casa Palmela", Pedro Urbano, Livros Horizonte, Lisbon 2008.