List of Pomeranian duchies and dukes

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Map of the historical Duchy of Pomerania from the 17th century

This is a list of the duchies and dukes of Pomerania.

Dukes of the Slavic Pomeranian tribes (All Pomerania)[edit]

The lands of Pomerania were firstly ruled by local tribes, who settled in Pomerania around the 10th and 11th centuries.

Non-dynastic[edit]

Ruler Born Reign Death Ruling part Consort Notes
Siemomysł c.1000 or 1020 After 1000-1046 c.29 June 1046 All Pomerania Unknown First known duke of all Pomerania. His origins are unknown.
Świętobor before 1046 1060-1106 1106 All Pomerania Anna Son of Siemomysl.
Świętopełk I before 1106 1106-1113 1113 Pomerania-Gdańsk (future Pomerelia) Unknown

In 1106, Pomerania is divided by his two older sons: Wartislaw, who founded the House of Pomerania and the Duchy of Pomerania, and Świętopełk I. After Swietopelk's death, his lands were occupied by the Saxon prince Lothar of Supplinburg. In 1155, the lands regained independence under Sobieslaw I, who founded the dynasty of the Samborides, and the Duchy of Pomerelia.

Duchy of Pomerania[edit]

Further information: Duchy of Pomerania

The Duchy resulted from the partition of Świętobor, Duke of Pomerania, in which his son Wartislaw inherited the lands that would become in fact known as Pomerania.

Partitions of Pomerania[edit]

First partition 1155-1264[edit]

In 1155, Pomerania was divided in Pomerania-Stettin and Pomerania-Demmin. In 1190 the |Land of Słupsk-Sławno separated itself from -Stettin.

In 1231 Emperor Frederick II granted the immediate liege lordship over Pomerania to the Margrave of Brandenburg, who enforced this claim by the Treaties of Kremmen (1236) and of Landin (1250). Thus Pomerania had become a fief of Brandenburg, thus an only mediate (indirect) subfief of the Empire, with Brandenburg itself being an immediate imperial fief.

      Stettin       Demmin       Schlawe-Stolp

1155-1190
Duchy of Pomerania-Stettin
Became independent in 1155.
In 1190, was divided in -Stettin and -Sławno.
Duchy of Pomerania-Demmin
Became independent in 1155.
1155-1238
Duchy of Pomerania-Stettin
In 1238, reabsorbed -Sławno.
Duchy of Pomerania-Schlawe-Stolp
In 1238, Schlawe united with Pomerania, Stolp with Pomerelia.
Duchy of Pomerania-Demmin
Remains independent.

In 1227, Stolp came to Pomerelia, Schlawe to Pomerania. In 1238–1316 both became part of Pomerelia, ruled by an autonomously acting dynasty of castellans, the Swenzones (German: Swenzonen, entering history in 1257 with Swenzo the Elder). In 1316, the area became part of the Pomerania-Wolgast, first as a pawn from Brandenburg, and definitively in 1347.

1238-1264
Duchy of Pomerania-Stettin
In 1264, reunited with Pomerania-Demmin.
Duchy of Pomerania-Demmin
In 1264, reunited with Pomerania-Stettin.

After Wartislaw III died heirless in 1264, Barnim I became sole duke of the whole duchy. After Barnim's death, the duchy was to be ruled by his sons Barnim II, Otto I and Bogislaw IV. The first years, Bogislaw, being the eldest, ruled in place of his too young brothers.

Second partition 1295-1368[edit]

In 1295, the Duchy of Pomerania was divided roughly by the Peene and Ina (Ihna) rivers, with the areas north of these rivers ruled by Bogislaw IV became Pomerania-Wolgast, whereas Otto I received Pomerania-Szczecin south of these rivers.

      Stettin       Wolgast

1295-1368
Duchy of Pomerania-Stettin
Duchy of Pomerania-Wolgast
Redivided in 1368.

Third partition 1368-1376[edit]

In 1368, Pomerania-Wolgast was divided into a western part (German: Wolgast diesseits der Swine, including the name-giving residence in Wolgast) and an eastern part (German: Wolgast jenseits der Swine, in literature also called Pomerania-Stolp after the residence in Stolp (Słupsk)).

      Stettin       Wolgast       Wolgast-Stolp

1368-1376
Duchy of Pomerania-Stettin
Duchy of Pomerania-Wolgast
A smaller -Wolgast, as result of the division of the bigger duchy with the same name.
Duchy of Pomerania-Stolp
The other part of the older duchy of -Wolgast.

Fourth partition 1376/1377-1478[edit]

In 1376, the western part of Pomerania-Wolgast (German: Wolgast diesseits der Swine) was subdivided in a smaller western part sometimes named Pomerania-Barth after the residence in Barth, and an eastern part which included the residence in Wolgast. In the following year, the eastern part of Pomerania-Wolgast (German: Wolgast diesseits der Swine or Pomerania-Stolp) was divided into a western part which included Stargard and an eastern part which included the residence in Stolp (Słupsk).

      Stettin       Wolgast       Wolgast-Barth       Wolgast-Stolp       Wolgast-Stolp-Stargard

1366/1377-1459
Duchy of Pomerania-Stettin
Duchy of Pomerania-Wolgast
A smaller -Wolgast, in the eastern part of the western part of -Wolgast.
Duchy of Pomerania-Barth
The western part of the western part of -Wolgast
Duchy of Pomerania-Stolp
A smaller -Stolp, partitioned from the bigger, located in its eastern part.
Duchy of Pomerania-Stargard
The western part of -Stolp, which was the eastern part of -Wolgast

In 1459, the eastern partitions of Pomerania-Wolgast around Stargard and Stolp ceased to exist.

1459-1478
Duchy of Pomerania-Stettin
Duchy of Pomerania-Wolgast
Duchy of Pomerania-Barth

In 1478, after 200 years of partition, the duchy was reunited for a short period when all her parts were inherited by Bogislaw X.

Fifth partition 1531-1569[edit]

In 1531, Pomerania was partitioned into Pomerania-Stettin and Pomerania-Wolgast. This time however, in contrast to the earlier partitions with the same names, Pomerania-Wolgast included the western, and Pomerania-Stettin the eastern parts of the duchy.

      Stettin       Wolgast

1531-1569
Duchy of Pomerania-Wolgast
Duchy of Pomerania-Stettin

Sixth partition 1569-1625[edit]

In 1569, were created the duchies of -Barth (split off from -Wolgast) and -Rügenwalde (Darłowo) (split off from -Stettin).

      Stettin       Wolgast       Wolgast-Barth       Rügenwalde

1569-1625
Duchy of Pomerania-Wolgast
Reunited with -Stettin in 1625
Duchy of Pomerania-Barth
Annexed by -Stettin in 1603
Duchy of Pomerania-Stettin
Reunited with -Wolgast in 1625
Duchy of Pomerania-Rügenwalde (Darłowo)
Annexed by -Stettin in 1620

Definitive reunification and annexation to Sweden[edit]

In 1625, Bogislaw XIV reunited all Pomerania under his rule. However, in 1637, Sweden hold western parts of Pomerania (Hither Pomerania), originally including Stettin, legalised by the Peace of Westphalia in 1648 (Swedish Pomerania, several times reduced in favour of Brandenburgian Pomerania). Between 1637 and 1657 Lauenburg-Bütow Land came to Poland, thereafter to Brandenburg. In 1648, Brandenburg prevailed in the Peace of Westphalia with its claim only for eastern parts of Pomerania (Farther Pomerania), with the Brandenburg electors officially holding simultaneously the title of dukes of Pomerania until 1806 (end of the Empire and its enfeoffments), but de facto integrating their Pomerania into Brandenburg-Prussia, making it one of the provinces of Prussia in 1815, then including former Swedish Pomerania.

Dukes of Pomerania[edit]

House of Griffins or House of Pomerania (1121-1637)[edit]

Ruler Born Reign Death Ruling part Consort Notes
Wartislaw I c.1091 1121-1135 1135 Pomerania 24 pagan wives

Heila of Saxony
before 1128
one child

Ida of Denmark
1129
three children
First duke of Pomerania and founder of the family. A pagan, he converted to Christianity in the beginning of the 12th century. Then, along with his son Bolesław, backed Otto of Bamberg in his successful Conversion of Pomerania.
Ratibor I Racibor i Przybysława.jpg c.1124 1135-1156 1156 Pomerania Pribislava Yaroslavna of Volhynia
1136
four children
Ancestor of the Ratiboriden branch of the House of Pomerania that ruled Słupsk-Sławno
Bogislaw I Bogislaw I.jpg 1127 1156-1187 18 March 1187 Pomerania-Stettin Walburga of Denmark
three children

Anastasia of Greater Poland
26 April 1177
two children
Casimir I Casimir I, Duke of Pomerania.jpg after 1130 1156-1180 fall of 1180 Pomerania-Demmin Pritolawa
no children
Wartislaw II c.1160 1180-1184 c.1184 Pomerania-Demmin Sophia of Poland
no children
Anastasia of Greater Poland
(regent)
Anastasia of Greater Poland.jpg c.1164 1187-1208 After 31 May 1240 Pomerania-Stettin Bogislaw I
26 April 1177
two children
Regent during the minority of her children.
Bogislaw II Bogislaw II.jpg 1177 1208-1220 23 January 1220 Pomerania-Stettin Miroslava of Pomerelia
1210
three children
Son of Bogislaw I.
Casimir II Casimir II Pommern.jpg c.1180 1184-1219 1219 Pomerania-Demmin Ingard of Denmark
1210
two children
Bogislaw III Bogislaw III.jpg before 1190 1190-1223 1223 Pomerania-Schlawe-Stolp A daughter of Mieszko III of Poland
before 1223
two children
Son of Bogislaw II and younger brother of Barnim I. His existence is not certain. Received the -Sławno part in 1190 by his father.
Miroslava of Pomerelia
(regent)
Miroslava of Pomerelia.jpg c.1178/1184 1220-1226 c. 2 February 1237 Pomerania-Stettin Bogislaw II
1210
three children
Regent during the minority of her children.
Barnim I the Good BarnimI.Siegel.JPG c.1217/1219 1226-1264 13 December 1278 Pomerania-Stettin Anna Maria of Saxony
between 4 September 1238 and 18 July 1242
three children

Margaret of Brunswick-Lüneburg
1252 or 1253
one child

Matilda of Brandenburg
between 29 March 1263 and 20 May 1267
six children
Since 1227 the dukes were again vassals of the Holy Roman Empire
Ingard of Denmark
(regent)
Ingard.jpg c.1190 1219-1226 1248 Pomerania-Demmin Casimir II
1210
two children
Regent during the minority of her son.
Wartislaw III WartislawIII.Siegel.JPG c.1210 1226-1264 17 May 1264 Pomerania-Demmin Sophia
1236
three children
After his death in 1264, Barnim became the sole duke.
Ratibor II before 1223 1223-1238 1238 Pomerania-Schlawe-Stolp unmarried Son of Bogislaw III. Other historians suggest that he could be also son of Bogislaw II or Mestwin I of Pomerelia.
Barnim I the Good BarnimI.Siegel.JPG c.1217/1219 1264-1278 13 December 1278 Pomerania Anna Maria of Saxony
between 4 September 1238 and 18 July 1242
three children

Margaret of Brunswick-Lüneburg
1252 or 1253
one child

Matilda of Brandenburg
between 29 March 1263 and 20 May 1267
six children
Reunited the Duchy of Pomerania.
Barnim II Barnim II.jpg c.1277 1278-1295 28 May 1295 Pomerania unmarried
Bogislaw IV BogislawIV.Siegel.JPG c.1255 1278-1295 19/24 February 1309 Pomerania Matilda of Brandenburg-Stendal
between 1275 and 1278
no children

Margaret of Rügen
13 August 1284
six children
Co-ruler with his brother Barnim II.
Otto I OttoI.Siegel.JPG 1279 1279-1295 31 December 1344 Pomerania Elisabeth of Holstein
April 1296
two children
Co-ruler with his brothers Barnim II and Bogislaw IV.
Bogislaw IV BogislawIV.Siegel.JPG c.1255 1295-1309 19/24 February 1309 Pomerania-Wolgast Matilda of Brandenburg-Stendal
between 1275 and 1278
no children

Margaret of Rügen
13 August 1284
six children
First duke of Pomerania-Wolgast.
Otto I OttoI.Siegel.JPG 1279 1295-1344 31 December 1344 Pomerania-Stettin Elisabeth of Holstein
April 1296
two children
Barnim III the Great Szczecin Zamek Ksiazat Pomorskich plyta Barnima III.jpg c.1300 1344-1368 14 August 1368 Pomerania-Stettin Agnes of Brunswick-Grubenhagen
1330
five children
Wartislaw IV WartislawIV.Siegel.JPG before 1290 1309-1326 1 August 1326 Pomerania-Wolgast Elisabeth of Lindow-Ruppin
11 April 1316 or 1317
three children
Son of Bogislaw IV.
Bogislaw V the Great BogislawV.Siegel.JPG c.1318 1326-1368 23 April 1374 Pomerania-Wolgast Elisabeth of Poland
24 or 25 February 1343
three children

Adelaide of Brunswick-Grubenhagen
1362 or 1363
four children
Wartislaw V c.1 November 1326 1326-1368 1390 Pomerania-Wolgast Anna of Mecklenburg
before 1390
no children
Co-ruler with his brother, Bogislaw V. Some sources say that he wasn't married.
Barnim IV the Good 1325 1326-1365 22 August 1365 Pomerania-Wolgast Sophia of Mecklenburg-Werle
1343
three children
Co-ruler with his brothers, Wartislaw V and Bogislaw V.
Casimir III 1348 1368-1372 24 August 1372 Pomerania-Stettin unmarried Son of Barnim III.
Bogislaw V the Great BogislawV.Siegel.JPG c.1318 1368-1374 23 April 1374 Pomerania-Wolgast-Stolp Elisabeth of Poland
24 or 25 February 1343
three children

Adelaide of Brunswick-Grubenhagen
1362 or 1363
four children
First duke of Stolp. Stolp was partitoned from Wolgast.
Bogislaw VI c.1350 1368-1393 7 March 1393 Pomerania-Wolgast Judith of Saxe-Lauenburg
between 1369 and 1377
no children

Agnes of Brunswick-Lüneburg
14 or 19 September 1389
Celle
two children
Son of Barnim IV.
Wartislaw VI the One-eyed 1345 1368-1377 13 June 1394 Pomerania-Wolgast Anne of Mecklenburg-Stargard
1 October 1363
four children
Co-ruler with his brother, Bogislaw VI.
Swantibor c.1351 1372-1413 21 June 1413 Pomerania-Stettin Anne of Nuremberg
17 September 1363
four children
Son of Barnim III.
Bogislaw VII the Older before 1355 1372-1404 1404 Pomerania-Stettin Unknown
before 1404
no children
Co-ruler with his brother, Swantibor.
Casimir IV Kaźko IV Słupski seal 1373.PNG 1351 1374-1377 2 January 1377 Pomerania-Wolgast-Stolp Kenna of Lithuania
1360
no children

Margaret of Masovia
1368 or 1369
no children
Bogislaw VIII Magnus Bogislaw VIII.jpg c.1364 1377-1418 11 February 1418 Pomerania-Wolgast-Stolp-Stargard Sophia of Holstein
c.1398
two children
Brother of Wartislaw VII. First duke of Stargard. Stargard was partitioned from Stolp.
Barnim V Barnim V.jpg 1369 1377-1402 1402/1403 Pomerania-Wolgast-Stolp-Stargard Hedwig of Lithuania
27 September 1396
one child
Co-ruler with his brother, Bogislaw VIII, until 1402.
Wartislaw VII 1363/1365 1377-1394/1395 1394/1395 Pomerania-Wolgast-Stolp Maria of Mecklenburg-Schwerin
23 March 1380
one child
Wartislaw VI the One-eyed 1345 1377-1394 13 June 1394 Pomerania-Wolgast-Barth Anne of Mecklenburg-Stargard
1 October 1363
four children
In 1377, Wartislaw became the first duke of the newly created duchy of Barth, partitioned from Wolgast.
Bogislaw VIII Magnus Bogislaw VIII.jpg c.1364 1394/1395-1418 11 February 1418 Pomerania-Wolgast-Stolp Sophia of Holstein
c.1398
two children
Brother of Wartislaw VII.
Barnim V Barnim V.jpg 1369 1395-1403 1402/1403 Pomerania-Wolgast-Stolp Hedwig of Lithuania
27 September 1396
one child
Co-ruler with his brother, Bogislaw VIII, until 1402.
Otto II c.1380 1413-1428 27 March 1428 Pomerania-Stettin Agnes of Mecklenburg-Stargard
c.1411
no children
Son of Swantibor.
Casimir V before 1380 1413-1435 13 April 1435 Pomerania-Stettin Catherine of Brunswick-Lüneburg
circa or before 1420
three children

Elisabeth of Brunswick-Grubenhagen
circa or before 1439
one child
Co-ruler with his brother, Otto II.
Barnim VI Epitaph Barnim VI Büste.png c.1365 1393-1405 22 September 1405 Pomerania-Wolgast Veronica of Hohenzollern
circa or before 1395
three children

Son of Wartislaw VI.

Wartislaw VIII Wartislaw VIII.jpg 1373 1393-1415 20/23 August 1415 Pomerania-Wolgast Agnes of Saxe-Lauenburg
circa or before 1398
four children
Co-ruler with his brother, Barnim VI.
Sophia of Holstein
(regent)
Sophia of Holstein.jpg c.1360/1370 1418-1426 24 September 1448 Pomerania-Wolgast-Stolp (Stolp and Stargard) Bogislaw VIII Magnus
c.1398
two children
Regent during the minority of her son.
Bogislaw IX 1407/1410 1418-1446 7 December 1446 Pomerania-Wolgast-Stolp (Stolp and Stargard) Maria of Masovia
24 June 1434
Poznań
two children
Agnes of Saxe-Lauenburg
(regent)
Agnes of Saxe-Lauenburg.jpg before 1398 1415-1417 c.1435 Pomerania-Wolgast Wartislaw VIII
circa or before 1398
four children
Regent, she was assisted by a regency council, led by Kord Bonow, that ruled the lands of her son (Barnim VIII) and also of her nephews (Barnim VII and Wartislaw IX). In 1417, her nephew Wartislaw took over the regency. The lands were split in 1425, and her son receives -Barth, a small portion of -Wolgast.
Wartislaw IX WartislawIX.1776.JPG c.1400 1417/1425-1457 17 April 1457 Pomerania-Wolgast Sophia of Saxe-Lauenburg
1420
four children

Son of Barnim VI.

Barnim VII the Older Barnim VII.jpg 1390 1417/1425-1450 22 September 1450 Pomerania-Wolgast Unmarried Co-ruler with his brother, Wartislaw IX.
Barnim VIII the Younger between 1405 and 1407 1425-1451 between 15 and 19 December 1451 Pomerania-Wolgast-Barth Anna of Wunstorf
circa or before 1434
one child
Council of Regency in Pomerania-Stettin:1435-1443
Joachim the Younger 1424 1435-1451 4 October 1451 Pomerania-Stettin Elisabeth of Brandenburg
29 September 1440
one child
Son of Casimir V.
Eric I ErichI.1500.JPG 1381/1382 1446-1459 3 May 1459 Pomerania-Wolgast-Stolp (Stolp and Stargard) Philippa of England
26 October 1406
Lund
one child
Son of Wartislaw VII. Also King of the Union of Kalmar between Denmark, Sweden and Norway.
Eric II ErichII.Pommern.JPG between 1418 and 1425 1457-1474 5 July 1474 Pomerania-Wolgast Anna Sophie of Pomerania-Stolp
1451
twelve children
Frederick II, Elector of Brandenburg
(regent)
Friedrich II 300f.jpg 19 November 1413 1451-1460 10 February 1471 Pomerania-Stettin Catherine of Saxony
11 June 1441
Wittenberg
four children
Regent during the minority of his nephew, Otto III.
Otto III Otto III.jpg 29 May 1444 1460-1464 7 September 1464 Pomerania-Stettin unmarried
Wartislaw X 1435 1457-1478 17 December 1478 Pomerania-Wolgast-Barth Elisabeth of Brandenburg
5 March 1454
two children

Magdalena of Mecklenburg-Stargard
1472
no children

Son of Wartislaw IX.

Eric II ErichII.Pommern.JPG between 1418 and 1425 1464-1474 5 July 1454 Pomerania-Stettin Anna Sophie of Pomerania-Stolp
1451
twelve children
Bogislaw X the Great Bogislaw X von Pommern.JPG 3 June 1454 1474-1478 5 October 1523 Pomerania-Wolgast and Pomerania-Stettin Margaret of Brandenburg
20 September 1477
Prenzlau
no children

Anna Jagiellon of Poland
2 February 1491
Szczecin
eight children
Bogislaw X the Great Bogislaw X von Pommern.JPG 3 June 1454 1478-1523 5 October 1523 Pomerania Margaret of Brandenburg
20 September 1477
Prenzlau
no children

Anna Jagiellon of Poland
2 February 1491
Szczecin
eight children
Reunites the duchy in 1478.
George I GeorgPommern.JPG 11 April 1493 1523-1531 10 May 1531 Pomerania Amalie of the Palatinate
22 May 1513
Szczecin
three children

Margaret of Brandenburg
23 January 1530
Berlin
one child
Son of Bogislaw X.
Bogislaw XI 1514 1514 1514 Pomerania unmarried Son of George I. Died young. He never reigned, but he is counted as XI. The eleventh reigning Bogislaw was in fact Bogislaw XIII.
Barnim IX the Pious Barnim-IX-Pommern.jpg 2 December 1501 1523-1531 2 November 1573 Pomerania Anna of Brunswick-Lüneburg
2 February 1525
Szczecin
seven children
Co-ruler with his brother, George I.
Barnim IX the Pious Barnim-IX-Pommern.jpg 2 December 1501 1531-1569 2 November 1573 Pomerania-Stettin Anna of Brunswick-Lüneburg
2 February 1525
Szczecin
seven children
Bogislaw XII c.27 August 1542 1542 before 15 September 1542 Pomerania-Stettin unmarried Son of Barnim IX. Died young. He never reigned, but he is counted as XII. After Bogislaw X, only more two dukes named Bogislaw have reigned: Bogislaw XIII and Bogislaw XIV.
Philip I the Pious Philipp I. von Pommern.png 14 July 1515 1531-1560 14 February 1560 Pomerania-Wolgast Maria of Saxony
27 February 1536
Torgau
ten children
Son of George I.
Ernest Louis the Fair ErnstLudwig1750F.JPG 20 November 1545 1560-1592 17 June 1592 Pomerania-Wolgast Sophie Hedwig of Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel
20 October 1577
Wolgast
three children
Son of Philip I.
John Frederick the Strong JohannFriedrichPommern.PNG 27 August 1542 1560-1569 9 February 1600 Pomerania-Wolgast Erdmuthe of Brandenburg
17 February 1577
Szczecin
no children
Co-ruler with his brother, Ernest Louis.
Bogislaw XIII BogislawXIII.1750.JPG 9 August 1544 1560-1569 7 March 1606 Pomerania-Wolgast Clara of Brunswick-Lüneburg
8 September 1572
eleven children

Anna of Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg
31 May 1601
no children
Co-ruler with his brothers, Ernest Louis and John Frederick.
Barnim X the Younger BarnimX.1750.JPG 15 February 1549 1560-1569 1 September 1603 Pomerania-Wolgast Anna Maria of Brandenburg
8 January 1581
Berlin
no children
Co-ruler with his brothers, Ernest Louis, John Frederick and Bogislaw XIII.
John Frederick the Strong JohannFriedrichPommern.PNG 27 August 1542 1569-1600 9 February 1600 Pomerania-Stettin Erdmuthe of Brandenburg
17 February 1577
Szczecin
no children
Barnim X the Younger BarnimX.1750.JPG 15 February 1549 1600-1603 1 September 1603 Pomerania-Stettin Anna Maria of Brandenburg
8 January 1581
Berlin
no children
Brother of John Frederick and Bogislaw XIII. Succeeds in Stettin in 1600.
Bogislaw XIII BogislawXIII.1750.JPG 9 August 1544 1569-1603 7 March 1606 Pomerania-Wolgast-Barth Clara of Brunswick-Lüneburg
8 September 1572
eleven children

Anna of Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg
31 May 1601
no children
Receives Barth (partitioned from Wolgast). Brother of John Frederick. Receives -Wolgast-Barth and Neuenkamp (later Franzburg) in 1569. Tutor of Philip Julius. In 1603, he succeeds in -Stettin.
Philip Julius PhilippJulius1750.JPG 27 December 1584 1592-1603 6 February 1625 Pomerania-Wolgast Agnes of Brandenburg
25 June 1604
Berlin
no children
Son of Ernest Louis.
Bogislaw XIII BogislawXIII.1750.JPG 9 August 1544 1603-1606 7 March 1606 Pomerania-Stettin Clara of Brunswick-Lüneburg
8 September 1572
eleven children

Anna of Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg
31 May 1601
no children
Succeeds in -Stettin-Stettin in 1603 giving Barth and Neuenkamp to Philip Julius.
Philip Julius PhilippJulius1750.JPG 27 December 1584 1603-1625 6 February 1625 Pomerania-Wolgast (Barth and Wolgast) Agnes of Brandenburg
25 June 1604
Berlin
no children
Son of Ernest Louis.
Barnim X the Younger BarnimX.1750.JPG 15 February 1549 1569-1603 1 September 1603 Pomerania-Stettin-Rügenwalde Anna Maria of Brandenburg
8 January 1581
Berlin
no children
Brother of John Frederick and Bogislaw XIII. In 1569, receives Rügenwalde, which was partitioned from Stettin.
Philip II the Pious PhilippII.1678.JPG 29 July 1573 1606-1618 3 February 1618 Pomerania-Stettin Sophia of Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg
10 March 1607
Treptow an der Rega
no children
Son of Bogislaw XIII.
George II GeorgII.1615.JPG 30 January 1582 1603-1617 27 March 1617 Pomerania-Stettin-Rügenwalde unmarried Brother of Philip II, Francis and Bogislaw XIV. Co-ruler with his brother Bogislaw XIV.
Bogislaw XIV BogislawXIV.1635.JPG 31 March 1580 1603-1625 10 March 1637 Pomerania-Stettin-Rügenwalde Elisabeth of Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg
1615
no children
Son of Bogislaw XIII. Shared Rügenwalde with his brother George II 1606 to 1617.
Francis Franz1610.JPG 24 March 1577 1618-1620 27 November 1620 Pomerania-Stettin Sophie of Saxony
26 August 1610
Dresden
no children
Brother of Philip II.
Bogislaw XIV BogislawXIV.1635.JPG 31 March 1580 1620-1625 10 March 1637 Pomerania-Stettin (Stettin and Rügenwalde) Elisabeth of Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg
1615
no children
In 1620, with the death of Francis of Stettin, he succeeds him in this part of Pomerania.
Bogislaw XIV BogislawXIV.1635.JPG 31 March 1580 1625-1637 10 March 1637 Pomerania Elisabeth of Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg
1615
no children
In 1625, with the death of Philip Julius of Pomerania-Wolgast, Bogislaw XIV reunited all Pomerania.

Principality of Rugia[edit]

Further information: Principality of Rugia

1168–1325 feudal fief of Denmark under local rulers:

From 1325 Pomerania-Wolgast or -Barth:

from 1474 part of Pomerania-Wolgast

Duchy of Pomerelia[edit]

In 1155, the lands who belonged to Świętopełk I became independent under Sobieslaw I, a possible descendant, who founded the House of Sambor and the Duchy of Pomerelia.

The dukes of Pomerelia were using the Latin title dux Pomeraniae ("Duke of Pomerania") or dux Pomeranorum ("Duke of the Pomeranians").

Partitions of the Duchy of Pomerelia[edit]

In 1215, the duchy was divided in other smaller duchies: Gdańsk, Białogarda, Lubiszewo and Świecie.

      Gdańsk       Białogarda       Lubiszewo       Świecie

1155-1190
Duchy of Pomerelia-Gdańsk
Became independent in 1215.
Duchy of Pomerelia-Białogarda
Became independent in 1215.
Duchy of Pomerelia-Lubiszewo
Became independent in 1215.
Duchy of Pomerelia-Świecie
Became independent in 1215.

In 1271 the duchy is reunited and in 1296 annexed to the Kingdom of Poland

Dukes of Pomerelia[edit]

Non-dynastic[edit]

Ruler Born Reign Death Ruling part Consort Notes
Świętopełk I before 1106 1106-1113 1113 Pomerania-Gdańsk (future Pomerelia) Unknown He wasn't duke of Pomerelia, but ruled in the lands that became Pomerelia 40 years later.

House of Sambor (1155-1296)[edit]

Ruler Born Reign Death Ruling part Consort Notes
Sobieslaw I c.1130 1155-1178 1178 Pomerelia Unknown
before 1150
two children
Sambor I Sambor I.JPG c.1150 1178-1205 7 February or 30 December 1205 Pomerelia Unknown
before 1205
two children
Mestwin I the Peaceful Mestwin I, Duke of Pomerania.PNG c.1160 1205-1220 1/2 July 1220 Pomerelia Swinisława of Poland
c.1190
eight children
Brother of Sambor.
Świętopełk II the Great Swantopolk II, Duke of Pomerania.PNG c.1190 1220-1266 11 January 1266 Pomerelia-Gdańsk Salomea of Halych
before 1220
one child

Euphrosyne of Greater Poland
c.1220
two children

Hermengard of Mecklenburg-Schwerin
c.1230
two children
Son of Mestwin I. Ruler in Gdańsk, used the title Dux (Duke) from 1227.
Wartislaw I c.1195 1220-1233 11 January 1233 Pomerelia-Białogarda-Lubiszewo-Świecie unmarried Son of Mestwin I. Ruler in Świecie, used the title Dux (Duke) from 1227. After his death his domains were divided between the younger brothers.
Racibor I c.1212 1233-1262 6 June 1272 Pomerelia-Białogarda unmarried Son of Mestwin I. Joined the Teutonic Order in 1262, and -Białogarda was annexed by -Gdańsk.
Sambor II Sambor II Tczewski seal 1229.PNG c.1212 1233-1270 30 December 1277 Pomerelia-Lubiszewo Matilda of Mecklenburg
six children
Son of Mestwin I. He initially resided at a burgh located in the later village of Lubiszewo. After the town of Tczew was founded nearby in the course of the German Ostsiedlung, the dukes shifted their residence to the town.
Mestwin II Mestwin II, Duke of Pomerania.PNG 1220 1233-1270 29 December 1294 Pomerelia-Świecie Judith of Wettin
before 1275
two children

Euphrosyne of Opole
1275 (div.1288)
no children

Sulisława
after 1288
no children
Son of Swiatopelk I. In 1270, he reunited the duchy.
Wartislaw II 1237 1266-1270 9 May 1271 Pomerelia-Gdańsk unmarried Son of Swietopelk II. After his death without descendants, Gdańsk was absorbed by the reunited Duchy of Pomerelia.
Mestwin II Mestwin II, Duke of Pomerania.PNG 1220 1270-1294 29 December 1294 Pomerelia Judith of Wettin
before 1275
two children

Euphrosyne of Opole
1275 (div.1288)
no children

Sulisława
after 1288
no children
Reunites the duchy in 1270. In 1294, Pomerelia was annexed by the Kingdom of Poland.

Later history of Pomerelia[edit]

See also[edit]

Further reading[edit]

  • Gerard Labuda (ed.), "Historia Pomorza", vol. 1–4, Poznan-Torun 1969–2003
  • Edmund Kopicki, "Tabele dynastyczne", "Wykazy panujacych", in: "Katalog podstawowych monet i banknotow Polski oraz ziem z historycznie z Polska zwiazanych", vol. IX, part I
  • Zugmunt Boras, "Ksiazeta Pomorza Zachdniego", Poznań 1969, 1978, 1996
  • Casimir Kozlowski, George Podralski, "Poczet Ksiazat Pomorza Zachdniego", KAW, Szczecin 1985
  • L. Badkowski, W.Samp. "Poczet ksiazat Pomorza Gdanskiego", Gdańsk 1974
  • B. Sliwinski, "Poczet ksiazaat gdanskich", Gdańsk 1997
  • Wojciech Myslenicki, "Pomorscy sprzymierzenscy Jagiellonczylow", Wyd. Poznanskie, Poznań 1979
  • J. Spors, "Podzially administracyjne Pomorza Gdanskiego i Slawiensko-Slupksiego od XII do poczatkow XIV w", Słupsk 1983
  • K. Slaski, "Podzially terytorialne Pomorza w XII–XII w.", Poznań 1960
  • Edward Rymar, Krewni i powinowaci ksiazat pomorskich w zrodłach sredniowiecznych (XII–początek XVI w.), Materially Zachodniopomorskie, vol. XXXI

External links[edit]

References[edit]