TSS Duke of York (1935)

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Career
Name: Duke of York 1935-1942
HMS Duke of Wellington 1942-1948
Duke of York 1948 - 1963
York 1963
Fantasia 1963 - 1975
Owner: 1935-1948: London Midland and Scottish Railway
1948-1964: British Transport Commission
1964-1975: Chandris Lines
Operator: 1935-1948: London Midland and Scottish Railway
1948-1964: British Transport Commission
1964-1975: Chandris Lines
Port of registry: Lancaster, United Kingdom United Kingdom
Route: 1935-1939: Heysham - Belfast
1952-1964: Harwich - Hook of Holland
Builder: Harland and Wolff, Belfast
Yard number: 951[1]
Completed: 4 June 1936[1]
Out of service: 1975
Identification: IMO number: 128318
General characteristics
Type: Turbine steam ship
Tonnage: 3,743 GT
Length: 339.2 ft (103.4 m)
Beam: 55.2 ft (16.8 m)
Draught: 17.9 ft (5.5 m)
Installed power: 502 NHP
Propulsion: Twin screw
Speed: 12 Knots

The Duke of York was a steamer passenger ship initially operated by the London Midland and Scottish Railway which saw service from 1935 to 1964.[2] She was renamed HMS Duke of Wellington for the duration of World War II.

In service[edit]

Built at Harland and Wolff, Belfast and completed in 1935, she was designed to operate as a passenger ferry on the Heysham to Belfast, alongside the existing 1928 ships on that route, RMS Duke of Lancaster, the RMS Duke of Rothesay and the RMS Duke of Argyll,

She introduced a new principle into the cross-channel trade, the tourist class, which had been in use on the Atlantic lines since 1928.

The Duke of York had one of the earliest automatic fire extinguishers, by Grinnell. Small glass tubes contained a liquid which expanded on a given temperature being reached, and burst the containers, opening water valves above.

HMS Duke of Wellington[edit]

The Duke of York was requisitioned in 1942 for war service. She was renamed as HMS Duke of Wellington as there was a battleship with the name "Duke of York". She was converted to a "Landing Ship, Infantry (Hand-Hoisting)" the latter part referred to her hand operated davits; abbreviated to LSI(H)

The conversions allowed her to carry 250 troops and ten Landing Craft Assault to carry them to shore.[3] For anti-aircraft defence a 12 pounder gun and eight 20 mm cannon were fitted.

She took part in Operation Jubilee, the raid on Dieppe on 19 August 1942, carrying The Black Watch (Royal Highland Regiment) of Canada.

She took part in the Normandy landings in 1944.

At the end of the War, she transported troops between Tilbury and Ostend.

Post World War II[edit]

She reverted to her original name after the war, and in May 1948 [4] [5] she was transferred to the Harwich to Hook of Holland service, alongside the Arnhem.

Originally a twin funnel vessel, she was rebuilt in 1950 with a single funnel. She was upgraded from coal to oil firing and cabin accommodation for 520 passengers was provided.

On 6 May 1953, she collided in fog with the American freighter USNS Haiti Victory.[6] Six passengers were killed[7] and the bow was completely sheered off just in front of the bridge.

She was re-built by Palmers Shipbuilding and Iron Company of Jarrow-on-Tyne with a more modern shaped bow and lengthened by about 7 ft. She rejoined the Harwich fleet in 1954.

She was sold in August 1963.

Fantasia[edit]

She was sold to Chandris Lines in 1963 and originally named York she was sent to Smiths Dock Company for conversion work which was completed after transfer to the Chandris Company's own shipyard at Ambelaki.[8] She entered service in 1964 as the Fantasia.[9] She ran mainly on cruises in the Eastern Mediterranean, with some winter charters to religious tour groups. She was withdrawn in December 1975 and was broken up in 1976 [10] in Spain.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b McCluskie, Tom (2013). The Rise and Fall of Harland and Wolff. Stroud: The History Press. p. 144. ISBN 9780752488615. 
  2. ^ British nationalised shipping, 1947-1968, William Paul Clegg, John S. Styring – 1968
  3. ^ http://uboat.net/allies/warships/ship/13472.html
  4. ^ Haws, Duncan (1993) ; Page 182
  5. ^ Clegg, W Paul + Styring,John S. (1971) ; Page 29
  6. ^ The Times 7 May 1953
  7. ^ The Times 7 January 1954
  8. ^ Clegg, W Paul + Styring, John S. (1971) ; British Railways Shipping and Allied Fleets - The Post War Period ; Newton Abbot, David & Charles ; Page 30 ; ISBN 0 7153 5140 0
  9. ^ The Chandris Liners and Celebrity Cruises. Peter Plowman. 2006. p. 127
  10. ^ Haws, Duncan (1993) ; Merchant Fleets - Britain's Railway Steamers - Eastern & North Wsstern Companies + Zeeland and Stena ; Hereford , TCL Publications ; Page 182 ; ISBN 0 946378 22 3

External links[edit]