Duke of Yorks Own Loyal Suffolk Hussars
|Duke of Yorks Own Loyal Suffolk Hussars|
|Active||1793 - Present|
|Part of||Cavalry World War I
Royal Artillery World War II
Army Air Corps Present Day
|Motto||CONSTANTIA LEVANDI (Steadfast in support)|
|Battle honours||World War II
No battle honours were awarded. It is tradition within artillery units that the Regiment's guns represent its colours and battle honours.
|Brigadier-General Ned Baird|
The Duke of Yorks Own Loyal Suffolk Hussars was a unit of the British Army from 1794 to 1961.
The regiment was formed as volunteer cavalry in 1794, during the French Revolutionary Wars. The Suffolk Yeomanry was raised in as the Loyal Suffolk Hussars, they fought in the Boer war as part of the Imperial Yeomanry. In the First World War they fought at Gallipoli, Palestine and the Western front. They were subsequently converted to artillery, serving in this role during the Second World War North Africa, Italy and France. In 1961 they were amalgamated with the Norfolk Yeomanry to form the Suffolk and Norfolk Yeomanry.
World War I
Attached for training:
In accordance with the Territorial and Reserve Forces Act 1907 (7 Edw.7, c.9) which brought the Territorial Force into being, the TF was intended to be a home defence force for service during wartime and members could not be compelled to serve outside the country. However, on the outbreak of war on 4 August 1914, many members volunteered for Imperial Service. Therefore, TF units were split in August and September 1914 into 1st Line (liable for overseas service) and 2nd Line (home service for those unable or unwilling to serve overseas) units. Later, a 3rd Line was formed to act as a reserve, providing trained replacements for the 1st and 2nd Line regiments.
1/1st Duke of Yorks Own Loyal Suffolk Hussars
In September 1915, they were dismounted and moved to the ANZAC bridgehead at Gallipoli and came under the command of the British 54th Division. After they were withdrawn from Gallipoli they moved to Egypt in December 1915, the first party being evacuated to Mudros on December 14 and the rest following five days later. They were next attached to the 3rd Dismounted Brigade on Suez Canal defences, from February 22, 1916.
In January 1917, they were converted to an infantry battalion and formed the 15th (Suffolk Yeomanry) Battalion, the Suffolk Regiment in the 74th (Yeomanry) Division, which moved to France in May 1918.
2/1st Duke of Yorks Owns Loyal Suffolk Hussars
3/1st Duke of Yorks Own Loyal Sufolk Hussars
The 3/1st was formed in 1915. They remained in United Kingdom until they were disbanded in early 1917.
Between the wars
Prior to World War II, The Duke of York’s Own Loyal Suffolk Hussars were amalgamated with the Norfolk Yeomanry and converted into an Anti Tank Regiment of the Royal Artillery, 55th Anti Tank Regiment R.A. (Suffolk & Norfolk Yeomanry).
Later in 1938 the Suffolk Yeomanry separated from the regiment to form 55th Anti-Tank Regiment, RA (217th, 218th, 219th and 220th Batteries).
World War II
The Regiment was attached to various Divisions during the war
- 54th (East Anglian) Division, September 1939
- 79th Armoured Division, September 1942 – April 1943
- 49th (West Riding) Infantry Division, July 1943 – August 1945
During the major reorganisation of the Territorial Army that took place in 1967, "202 (The Suffolk and Norfolk Yeomanry) Battery" Royal Artillery was formed out of the old "308 Regiment Royal Artillery". The new Battery became part of "100 (Medium) Regiment Royal Artillery (Volunteers)". At the time the Battery was equipped with the BL 5.5 inch Medium Gun. In 1980 the Battery re-equipped with the 105mm Light Gun, then to the much larger FH70 155mm Gun in 1992.
On 1 July 1999, the Battery yet again began re-roling as an Air Defence Battery affiliated to 12th Regiment Royal Artillery in Paderborn, Germany, with the Lightweight Multiple Launcher (LML) High Velocity Missile (HVM) system.
On 2 July 2006, 202 (The Suffolk and Norfolk Yeomanry) Battery Royal Artillery (Volunteers) re-roled to become 677 (The Suffolk and Norfolk Yeomanry) Squadron Army Air Corps (Volunteers), part of 6 Regiment Army Air Corps (Volunteers).
677 Squadron Army Air Corps (Volunteers) currently has its headquarters alongside 6 Regiment Army Air Corps (Volunteers) in Bury St Edmunds (Suffolk). The Squadron has detachments at Swaffham and Norwich (Norfolk).