Duke of Medinaceli

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Ducal House of Medinaceli
The Ducal Palace (Palacio Ducal) at Medinaceli

Duke of Medinaceli (pronounced: [meðinaˈθeli]) is a title of Spanish nobility. The Catholic Monarchs, Isabella I of Castile and Ferdinand II of Aragon, created the title and awarded it to Luis de la Cerda y de la Vega on October 31, 1479. Luis also held the title of 5th Count of Medinaceli, which title was first awarded in 1368 to his ancestor, Bernal de Foix.

History[edit]

House of Medinaceli arms

In 1368, the King of the Crown of Castile bestowed the title "Count of Medinaceli" on Bernal de Foix, the second husband of Isabel de la Cerda. Their grandson Luis, 3rd Count of Medinaceli, eventually inherited the title and changed his family name to "de la Cerda." Later on, Queen Isabella I of Castile raised the title from Count to Duke in 1479 for Luis de la Cerda y de la Vega, 5th Count of Medinaceli.

Counts of Medinaceli[edit]

  • In 1368, Bernal de Foix, the first Count of Medinaceli, took the side of the royal bastard Enrique II of Castile against his legitimate brother, King Peter of Castile. A bastard of Gaston III, Count of Foix, Bernal de Foix chose to stay in Castile when Henry had Peter executed in March 1369 at the Castle of Montiel. He was the second husband of the wealthy Isabel de la Cerda, who was of legitimate royal descent from King Alfonso X of Castile through her grandfather.
  • Gastón de Béarn y de la Cerda, 2nd Count of Medinaceli (c. 1371–1404). He was a courtier under King John I of Castile and Henry III of Castile.
  • Luis de la Cerda y Mendoza, 3rd Count of Medinaceli (bef. 1404 – after 1447). He was a courtier under King John II of Castile.
  • Gastón I de la Cerda, 4th Count of Medinaceli (1414–1454). He was a courtier of King John II of Castile.
  • Luis de la Cerda y de la Vega, 5th Count of Medinaceli (c. 1442–1501). On October 31, 1479, he became the 1st Duke of Medinaceli.

Dukes of Medinaceli[edit]

List of holders of the title[edit]

Arms of the Dukes of Medinaceli
Title holder Period
Created by Ferdinand V and Isabella I
I Luis de la Cerda y de la Vega 1479–1501
II Juan de la Cerda y Bique 1501–1544
III Gastón de la Cerda y Portugal 1544–1552
IV Juan de la Cerda y Silva 1552–1575
V Juan de la Cerda y Portugal 1575–1594
VI Juan de la Cerda y Aragón 1594–1607
VII Antonio de la Cerda y Dávila 1607–1671
VIII Juan Francisco de la Cerda y Enríquez de Ribera 1671–1691
IX Luis Francisco de la Cerda y Aragón 1691–1711
X Nicolás Fernández de Córdoba y de la Cerda 1711–1739
XI Luis Fernández de Córdoba y Spínola 1739–1768
XII Pedro de Alcántara Fernández de Córdoba y Montcada 1768–1789
XIII Luis Fernández de Córdoba y Gonzaga 1789–1806
XIV Luis Fernández de Córdoba y Benavides 1806–1840
XV Luis Fernández de Córdoba y Ponce de León 1840–1873
XVI Luis Fernández de Córdoba y Pérez de Barradas 1873–1879
XVII Luis Fernández de Córdoba y Salabert 1880–1956
XVIII Victoria Eugenia, 18th Duchess of Medinaceli 1955-2013
XIX Marco de Hohenlohe-Langeburg y Medina 2014

1st Duke of Medinaceli[edit]

Luis de la Cerda y de la Vega, 1st Duke of Medinaceli (c. 1442–1501), Count in 1454 and Duke in 1479, was the first person awarded the title of "Duke of Medinaceli". He fought in battles against Portugal and the Moorish Kingdom of Granada.

2nd Duke of Medinaceli[edit]

Duke Juan I de la Cerda y Vique, the 2nd Duke of Medinaceli, was a bastard who was legitimated with Grandee by the Spanish Crown in 1520. He was a courtier under Queen Isabella I of Castile, her daughter Queen Joanna of Castile, and her son King Charles I of Spain. He took part in the battles for the "incorporation" of the Kingdom of Navarre on behalf of Ferdinand II of Aragon, the grandfather of King Charles I of Spain.

3rd Duke of Medinaceli[edit]

Duke Gastón de la Cerda y Portugal, died without issue. He married María Gómez Sarmiento, daughter of the 3rd Count of Salinas and Count of Ribadeo.

4th Duke of Medinaceli[edit]

Duke Juan II de la Cerda y Silva, 4th Duke of Medinaceli, was appointed Viceroy of Sicily, (1556–1564), and Captain General of Sicily. He was later appointed Viceroy of Navarra, in the years 1567–1572. He married Juana Manuel de Portugal (ca. 1520-1568), daughter of Sancho I de Noronha Portugal, 2nd Count of Faro on 7 April 1541, at Ocaña.

5th Duke of Medinaceli[edit]

Duke Juan III Luis de la Cerda y Manuel de Portugal, 5th Duke of Medinaceli, was an Ambassador in Portugal and a Knight of the Order of the Golden Fleece. He was married four times. His first wife, Isabella d'Aragona (bef. 1543 - August 1578) was the daughter of Antonio d'Aragona, (1506–1543). His second wife was Duca di Montalto and after 1578, he married Juana de la Lama. His 4th wife was Marquesa de la Adrada, daughter of Gonzalo Fernández de la Lama.

6th Duke of Medinaceli[edit]

Duke Juan Luis de la Cerda y Aragón, 6th Duke of Medinaceli (20 May 1569 - 24 November 1607) was a Knight of the Order of the Golden Fleece. He was an Ambassador to Germanic countries. He married twice, the first time in 1564, to Ana de la Cueva, daughter of the 5th Duque de Albuquerque, Gabriel de la Cueva, Governor of the Duchy of Milano (Italy). He got married for a second time in 1606, to Antonia Dávila y Colonna, (d. 29 October 1625), daughter of Gómez Dávila y de Toledo, the 2nd Marqués de Velada, (d. 30 January 1599), tutor of King Philip III of Spain.

7th Duke of Medinaceli[edit]

Duke Antonio Juan de la Cerda y Toledo (25 October 1607 – 7 March 1671), 7th Duque de Medinaceli, Grandee of Spain, and Captain General of Valencia in 1641. He was married at the age of seventeen to Ana Francisca Luisa Enriquez de Ribera y Portocarrero, who was thirteen years of age. The marriage took place on November 28, 1625, in Dos Hermanas, province of Sevilla. Ana Francisca Luisa Enriquez de Ribera y Portocarrero(bef. 19 September 1613 - 21 May 1645) was later granted the title of hereditary 5th Duquesa de Alcalá de los Gazules, as daughter of Pedro Enríquez Girón de Ribera, a Knight of the Military Order of Santiago.

8th Duke of Medinaceli[edit]

Juan Francisco de la Cerda y Portocarrero, 8th Duke of Medinaceli, (4 November 1637– 20 February 1691) was a Knight of the Order of the Golden Fleece. He was the Prime Minister of King Charles II of Spain. After the death of King Charles II, he was Prime Minister to the bastard brother, Juan José de Austria, (1629 - 17 September 1679). He was married at the age of sixteen to eighteen-year-old Catalina Antonia de Aragón y Folch de Cardona, 9th Duchess of Cardona, 5th Duchess of Lerma, 8th Duchess of Segorbe, on 1 May 1653 in Lucena, Province of Córdoba.

9th Duke of Medinaceli[edit]

Duke Luis Francisco Tomás de la Cerda y de Aragón - Folch de Cardona, (1654 - in prison, in Pamplona fortress, 1711), was the 9th Duque de Medinaceli, 10th Duque de Cardona, 6th Duque de Lerma, 7th Duque de Alcalá de los Gazules, 9th Duque de Segorbe.