Duke of Cadaval
The Dukes of Cadaval have their origins in Dom Álvaro of Braganza, Lord of Tentúgal, Póvoa, Buarcos and Cadaval, 4th male son of Dom Ferdinand I, 2nd Duke of Braganza. Dom Álvaro married Dona Phillipa of Melo, the rich daughter and heir of Rodrigo Afonso de Melo, 1st. Count of Olivenza.
The title was created on April 26, 1645, by King John IV of Portugal to his distant cousin, Dom Nuno Álvares Pereira de Melo (1638–1727), who was already 3rd Marquis of Ferreira and 5th Count of Tentúgal.
List of the Dukes of Cadaval
- D. Nuno Álvares Pereira de Melo (1638–1727)
- D. Luís Ambrósio Álvares Pereira de Melo (1679–1700)
- D. Jaime Álvares Pereira de Melo (1684–1749)
- D. Nuno Caetano de Álvares Pereira de Melo (1741–1771
- D. Miguel Caetano Álvares Pereira de Melo (1765–1808)
- D. Nuno Caetano Álvares Pereira de Melo (1799–1837)
- D. Maria da Piedade Álvares Pereira de Melo (1827–1859)
- D. Jaime Segismundo Pereira de Melo (1844–1913)
- D. Nuno Maria José Caetano Álvares Pereira de Melo (1888–1935)
- D. Jaime Álvares Pereira de Melo (1913–2001)
- D. Diana Álvares Pereira de Melo (1978- )
- Count of Tentúgal (in 1504, by King Manuel I of Portugal);
- Marquis of Ferreira (in 1533, by King John III of Portugal).
The Dukes family name is Álvares Pereira de Melo.
A new title: Cadaval-Hermès
When Jaime III Álvares Pereira de Melo, 10th Duke of Cadaval died in 2001, he left four daughters: two from his first (civil) marriage, and two others from his second (religious) marriage. Leadership of the house and its possessions was disputed by the elder daughters of each marriage:
- Rosalinda Álvares Pereira de Melo (born 1936), elder daughter of the Duke's first (civil) marriage;
- Diana Álvares Pereira de Melo (born 1978), elder daughter of the Duke's second (religious) marriage.
Duarte Pio, Duke of Braganza, in the de jure capacity of Head of the historical Royal House of Portugal, recognized Diana Álvares Pereira de Melo as 11th Duchess of Cadaval.
However, he also granted to her eldest half-sister, Rosalinda Álvares Pereira de Melo, the new title of Duchess of Cadaval-Hermès, because she is married to Hubert de Guerrand-Hermès, the House Hermès heir. Dona Rosalinda also obtained both titles of Marquise of Ferreira and Countess of Tentúgal, historically allocated to the heir of the Duke of Cadaval. Rosalinda (or her heirs) is designated to succeed her younger half sister as Duchess of Cadaval.
There is some controversy about the Hermès title, as effectively it constitutes a new creation since inauguration of the republican regime (in Portugal: the Republic abolished all titles of Portuguese nobility in 1910).
Fernando I Rodrigo de Melo (1403–1478) (1430–1487) 2nd.Duke of Braganza 1st.Count of Olivença | | _______________________|___________________ | | | | | Fernando II Afonso ÁLVARO<-------------->Philippa de Melo (1430–1506) (1435- ? ) (1440- ? ) | (1460–1516) 3rd.Duke of Braganza 1st.Count of Faro Lord of Tentúgal | | 2nd.Count of Odemira and Cadaval | | | | | | | | | Rodrigo de Melo | | (1468–1545) | | 1st.Count of Tentúgal | | 1st.Marquis of Ferreira | | | | | | House of Braganza Counts of Faro Francisco I de Melo Counts of Odemira (1520–1588) Counts of Vimieiro 2nd.Count of Tentúgal 2nd.Marquis of Ferreira | | Nuno Álvares Pereira de Melo (1555–1597) 3rd.Count of Tentúgal | | Francisco II de Melo (1588–1645) 4th.Count of Tentúgal 3rd.Marquis of Ferreira | | Nuno I Álvares Pereira de Melo (1638–1727) 5th.Count of Tentúgal 4th.Marquis of Ferreira 1st.Duke of Cadaval | | House of Cadaval
- Information on the Dukes of Cadaval (in Portuguese)
- Marek, Miroslav. "Genealogy of the Dukes of Cadaval". Genealogy.EU.
- Casa Cadaval | Official Site
- ”Nobreza de Portugal e do Brasil” – Vol. II, pages 459-463. Published by Zairol Lda., Lisbon 1989.