|Full name||Dukla Prague|
|Dissolved||1996 (became FC Dukla Příbram)|
|League||Czechoslovak League (1949–1993)
Czech League (1993–1994)
Czech Third League (1994–1995)
3rd in ČFL
Dukla Prague (Czech: Dukla Praha) was a Czech football club from the city of Prague. Established in 1948 as ATK Praha, the club won a total of 11 Czechoslovak league titles and eight Czechoslovak Cups, and in the 1966–67 season, reached the semifinals of the European Cup. As late as 1985–86 they reached the UEFA Cup Winners' Cup semi-final and they also made a great impact in the American Challenge Cup competition in New York City with four wins between 1961 and 1964. The club sent seven players to the silver medal winning Czechoslovakia national team in the 1962 World Cup, in a year which saw them win the fifth of their domestic league titles as well as their player Josef Masopust be named European Footballer of the Year. Between the start of the competition in 1955 and 1991, Dukla played more matches in the European Cup than any other team in Czechoslovakia.
Dukla Prague football club was connected to clubs of other sports, but this connection continues no longer. Separate athletics, rowing, handball, modern pentathlon, cycling etc. clubs named Dukla Praha however still nurture world class athletes in their respective sports (like Roman Šebrle and others). In contrast to the football clubs, these ones are still under patronage of the Czech Army.
Dukla Prague was formed in 1948 as ATK Praha and started life in the top division of Czechoslovak football. The Dukla organisation, as it later became known, was run by the Czechoslovak Army and included seven sports teams. As ATK, the club won its first of eleven league titles in the 1953 season before changing name to ÚDA Praha the same year. The club went on to win the 1956 league title, changing to the name to Dukla the same year. The subsequent 1957–58 season brought the club a second consecutive league title for the club and their third overall.
The 1960–61 season marked the inaugural season of the Czechoslovak Cup. That season, Dukla completed a "double" as they defeated Dynamo Žilina in the cup final to add to their fourth league title. The club was on the verge of another double in 1962, winning the league but losing in the cup final to Slovan Bratislava. 1962 was also a World Cup year. Dukla were represented by seven players on the Czechoslovakia national football team, which reached the final before losing to Brazil. Dukla star Josef Masopust scored in the final as Brazil won 3–1 and was later named as the winner of the 1962 Ballon d'Or. Dukla spent the next two seasons winning the league again, making a total of four titles in a row. The 1964–65 season yielded just the Cup before Dukla completed their second double in 1965–66. The club's final trophy of the decade came in the 1968–69 cup. In the first nine seasons of the cup competition, therefore, Dukla had reached six finals and won four titles.
The competition's format changed after the 1968–69 season, and it was not until 1980–81 that Dukla would record another title in the competition, repeating the achievement in 1982–83, 1984–85 and 1989–90.
Between the start of the competition in 1955 and 1991, Dukla played more matches in the European Cup (45) than any other team in Czechoslovakia. The five players from the Czechoslovak league with the most appearances in the competition in the pre-Champions League era of the European Cup all represented Dukla in the competition, these being Josef Masopust, Jozef Adamec, Jiří Čadek, Josef Vacenovský and Dušan Kabát.
The supremacy of Dukla was so undisputed the organizers decided to establish the American Challenge Cup as the final of next International Soccer League editions, in which Dukla was invited to play against the winners of the group stage. Dukla won three American Challenge Cups, over Brazil's America-RJ in 1962 (1–1 and 2–1), over West Ham United in 1963 (1–0 and 1–1) and over Zagłębie Sosnowiec in 1964 (3–1 and 1–1). In later years they struggled to maintain international recognition, however were well known to British fans thanks to Half Man Half Biscuit's hit: "All I want for Christmas is a Dukla Prague away kit", from the album ACD.
Dukla's overall record in the International Soccer League and the American Challenge Cup thus comprises 11 wins, four draws and one loss with a score of 49–19.
1994 saw the club's long-running association with the military come to an end and at the same time its status as a top-division team was lost. The club then merged with second division side Příbram in 1996.
The club was known under numerous names during its history:
- 1948 - ATK Praha
- 1953 - ÚDA Praha
- 1956 - Dukla Praha
- 1996 - merger with FC Příbram to FC Dukla (see, 1. FK Příbram)
New Dukla Praha in Czech local competitions
The name of Dukla Prague disappeared from the Czech football for several years, but not for ever. Dukla Dejvice, local Prague team founded in 1959, began playing in Juliska stadium and adopted Dukla Praha's yellow and red colors.
- Czechoslovak Football League Championships: 11
- Czechoslovak Football Cup: 8
- Winners 1961, 1965, 1966, 1969, 1981, 1983, 1985, 1990
- Jeřábek 2007, p. 162.
- Bouc, František (6 December 2006). "Dukla Returns". Prague Post. Retrieved 14 June 2013.
- Jeřábek 2007, pp. 233–234.
- "Masopust vzpomíná, jak se v jedenašedesátém málem musel zastřelit". Mladá fronta DNES (in Czech). 22 October 2012. Retrieved 14 November 2013.
- Jeřábek 2007, p. 244.
- "Dukla mezi mrakodrapy". Czech Radio (in Czech). 7 July 2001. Retrieved 13 November 2013.
- R.S.S.S.F.: USA - International Soccer League II
- International Soccer League statistics on Rec. Sport. Soccer Statistics Foundation (R.S.S.S.F.) website
- Pivoňka, Vladislav. "Fotbalová Dukla hraje stále dál…". Šestka - Noviny MČ Praha 6 (in Czech). Retrieved 15 November 2013.
- Czech article in the Sport daily from 19 November 2006. The legendary club returned back to the Czech top league in 2010.
- Horák, Jindřich, Král, Lubomír. Encyklopedie našeho fotbalu : Sto let českého a slovenského fotbalu. Domácí soutěže. Praha : Libri, 1997. 704 p. ISBN 80-85983-22-2
- Jeřábek, Luboš. Český a československý fotbal - lexikon osobností a klubů, Praha: Grada Publishing, 2007. ISBN 978-80-247-1656-5
- Pavel, Ota. Dukla mezi mrakodrapy. Praha : Slávka Kopecká, 2004. 183 p. Sebrané spisy Oty Pavla; vol. 1. ISBN 80-86631-14-1
- Sigmund, Stanislav. FC Dukla 1948-1998. Praha : MJF, 1998. 51 p. ISBN 80-86284-00-X