Dukla Prague

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This article is about the original football club from Prague which existed until 1996. For the football club now playing as Dukla Prague, see FK Dukla Prague. For the relocated and renamed club, see 1. FK Příbram. For the handball club, see HC Dukla Prague.
Dukla Prague (Praha)
Dukla Praha logo.PNG
Full name Dukla Prague
Founded 1948
Dissolved 1996 (became FC Dukla Příbram)
Ground Stadion Juliska,
Prague
Ground Capacity 18,000
League Czechoslovak League (1949–1993)
Czech League (1993–1994)
Czech Third League (1994–1996)
Final season
1995–96

3rd in ČFL

Dukla Prague (Czech: Dukla Praha) was a Czech football club from the city of Prague. Established in 1948 as ATK Praha, the club won a total of 11 Czechoslovak league titles and eight Czechoslovak Cups, and in the 1966–67 season, reached the semifinals of the European Cup. As late as 1985–86 they reached the UEFA Cup Winners' Cup semi-final and they also made a great impact in the American Challenge Cup competition in New York City with four wins between 1961 and 1964. The club sent seven players to the silver medal winning Czechoslovakia national team in the 1962 World Cup, in a year which saw them win the fifth of their domestic league titles as well as their player Josef Masopust be named European Footballer of the Year. Between the start of the competition in 1955 and 1991, Dukla played more matches in the European Cup than any other team in Czechoslovakia.

Dukla Prague football club was connected to clubs of other sports, but this connection continues no longer. Separate athletics, rowing, handball, modern pentathlon, cycling etc. clubs named Dukla Praha however still nurture world class athletes in their respective sports (like Roman Šebrle and others). In contrast to the football clubs, these ones are still under patronage of the Czech Army.

History[edit]

Dukla Prague was formed in 1948 as ATK Praha and started life in the top division of Czechoslovak football.[1] The Dukla organisation, as it later became known, was run by the Czechoslovak Army and included seven sports teams.[2] As ATK, the club won its first of eleven league titles in the 1953 season before changing name to ÚDA Praha the same year.[1] The club went on to win the 1956 league title, changing to the name to Dukla the same year.[1] The subsequent 1957–58 season brought the club a second consecutive league title for the club and their third overall.

The 1960–61 season marked the inaugural season of the Czechoslovak Cup. That season, Dukla completed a "double" as they defeated Dynamo Žilina in the cup final to add to their fourth league title.[1][3] The club was on the verge of another double in 1962, winning the league but losing in the cup final to Slovan Bratislava.[1][3] 1962 was also a World Cup year. Dukla were represented by seven players on the Czechoslovakia national football team,[4] which reached the final before losing to Brazil. Dukla star Josef Masopust scored in the final as Brazil won 3–1 and was later named as the winner of the 1962 Ballon d'Or. Dukla spent the next two seasons winning the league again, making a total of four titles in a row. The 1964–65 season yielded just the Cup before Dukla completed their second double in 1965–66.[1] The club's final trophy of the decade came in the 1968–69 cup. In the first nine seasons of the cup competition, therefore, Dukla had reached six finals and won four titles.[3]

The competition's format changed after the 1968–69 season, and it was not until 1980–81 that Dukla would record another title in the competition, repeating the achievement in 1982–83, 1984–85 and 1989–90.[3]

Between the start of the competition in 1955 and 1991, Dukla played more matches in the European Cup (45) than any other team in Czechoslovakia.[5] The five players from the Czechoslovak league with the most appearances in the competition in the pre-Champions League era of the European Cup all represented Dukla in the competition, these being Josef Masopust, Jozef Adamec, Jiří Čadek, Josef Vacenovský and Dušan Kabát.[5]

Czech writer and sports journalist Ota Pavel wrote a unique book about Dukla's first victory in the American Challenge Cup and named it DUKLA MEZI MRAKODRAPY (English: Dukla Among Skyscrapers).[6]

The supremacy of Dukla was so undisputed the organizers decided to establish the American Challenge Cup as the final of next International Soccer League editions, in which Dukla was invited to play against the winners of the group stage. Dukla won three American Challenge Cups, over Brazil's America-RJ in 1962 (1–1 and 2–1), over West Ham United in 1963 (1–0 and 1–1) and over Zagłębie Sosnowiec in 1964 (3–1 and 1–1).[7] In later years they struggled to maintain international recognition, however were well known to British fans thanks to Half Man Half Biscuit's hit: "All I want for Christmas is a Dukla Prague away kit", from the album Back Again in the DHSS.

Dukla's overall record in the International Soccer League and the American Challenge Cup thus comprises 11 wins, four draws and one loss with a score of 49–19.[8]

Czech Republic era[edit]

1994 saw the club's long-running association with the military come to an end and at the same time its status as a top-division team was lost.[2] Dukla finished last in the 1993–94 Gambrinus liga, employing three different managers over the course of the season.[9] The club won just one of their thirty matches, a 1–0 victory against Hradec Králové.[9] Dukla played the following 1994–95 season in the third-tier Bohemian Football League, finishing in third place behind SK Chrudim and Pelikán Děčín.[9] Dukla was unable to win the league in the 1995–96 season either, again finishing third, this time behind Atlantic Lázně Bohdaneč and Česká Lípa.[9] The club then merged with second division side FC Portál Příbram in 1996.[2][9] The new club, which later became known as 1. FK Příbram, played one season in Prague at Juliska before moving to Příbram in 1997, the last home match at Juliska being a 2–2 draw with relegated Baník Havířov on 1 June 1997.[10]

Historical names[edit]

The club was known under numerous names during its history:[1]

New Dukla Praha in Czech local competitions[edit]

Main article: FK Dukla Prague

The name of Dukla Prague disappeared from the Czech football for several years, but not for ever. Dukla Dejvice, local Prague team founded in 1959, began playing in Juliska stadium and adopted Dukla Praha's yellow and red colors.[11]

The club entered the Prague Championship in 2001. In November 2006, Dukla Prague management announced that it had agreed to take over the second league rights of the Jakubčovice team.[12] The legendary club returned to the Czech top league in 2011.

Managers[edit]

The following individuals managed Dukla. In the 1948 season there were joint managers.[13]

History in domestic competitions[edit]

  • Seasons spent at Level 1 of the football league system: 1
  • Seasons spent at Level 2 of the football league system: 0
  • Seasons spent at Level 3 of the football league system: 2

Czech Republic[edit]

Season League Placed Pld W D L GF GA GD Pts Cup
1993–1994 1. liga 16th 30 1 8 21 21 68 –47 10[A] Round of 64
1994–1995 3. liga 3rd 34 21 7 6 70 Round of 16
1995–1996 3. liga 3rd 34 24 5 5 72 20 +52 77 Quarterfinals
Notes
  1. ^ Two points for a win in 1993–94.

Honours[edit]

See also[edit]

  • HC ATK Praha – related ice hockey team, 1948–56
  • HC Dukla Prague – handball department of the club, 30-time national champions

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i Jeřábek 2007, p. 162.
  2. ^ a b c Bouc, František (6 December 2006). "Dukla Returns". Prague Post. Retrieved 14 June 2013. 
  3. ^ a b c d Jeřábek 2007, pp. 233–234.
  4. ^ "Masopust vzpomíná, jak se v jedenašedesátém málem musel zastřelit". Mladá fronta DNES (in Czech). 22 October 2012. Retrieved 14 November 2013. 
  5. ^ a b Jeřábek 2007, p. 244.
  6. ^ "Dukla mezi mrakodrapy". Czech Radio (in Czech). 7 July 2001. Retrieved 13 November 2013. 
  7. ^ R.S.S.S.F.: USA - International Soccer League II
  8. ^ International Soccer League statistics on Rec. Sport. Soccer Statistics Foundation (R.S.S.S.F.) website
  9. ^ a b c d e Pivoda 2013, p. 99.
  10. ^ Pivoda 2013, p. 100.
  11. ^ Pivoňka, Vladislav. "Fotbalová Dukla hraje stále dál…". Šestka - Noviny MČ Praha 6 (in Czech). Retrieved 15 November 2013. 
  12. ^ Czech article in the Sport daily from 19 November 2006.
  13. ^ Pivoda 2013, p. 36.

Bibliography[edit]

  • Horák, Jindřich, Král, Lubomír. Encyklopedie našeho fotbalu : Sto let českého a slovenského fotbalu. Domácí soutěže. Praha : Libri, 1997. 704 p. ISBN 80-85983-22-2
  • Jeřábek, Luboš. Český a československý fotbal - lexikon osobností a klubů, Praha: Grada Publishing, 2007. ISBN 978-80-247-1656-5
  • Pavel, Ota. Dukla mezi mrakodrapy. Praha : Slávka Kopecká, 2004. 183 p. Sebrané spisy Oty Pavla; vol. 1. ISBN 80-86631-14-1
  • Pivoda, Aleš. Legenda se vrátila Praha: MAC, 2013. 157 p. ISBN 978-80-86783-65-9
  • Sigmund, Stanislav. FC Dukla 1948-1998. Praha : MJF, 1998. 51 p. ISBN 80-86284-00-X