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|District||North 24 Parganas|
|Elevation||11 m (36 ft)|
|• Official||Bengali, English|
|Time zone||IST (UTC+5:30)|
|Lok Sabha constituency||Dum Dum|
|Vidhan Sabha constituency||Dum Dum|
Dum Dum (Bengali দমদম Dômdôm) is a city and a municipality in North 24 Parganas district in the state of West Bengal, India. It is one of the main entry points to the city of Kolkata, providing a number of transportation facilities into that city from the northwest, such as Netaji Subhas Chandra Bose International Airport, formerly Dum Dum Airport, which offers domestic and international flights. Dum Dum has developed into a modern commercial centre and also hosts the Ordnance Factory Dumdum (OFDC) of the Ordnance Factories Board, which manufactures armaments and other equipment for the Indian Armed Forces. Dum Dum region is about 10 km from the city centre, defined as the Esplanade, Kolkata. The nearby localities include Nager Bazar, Motijheel, Ghughu Danga, Private Road, Chatakal, Jawpur, Rajbari and Lal Bagan.
During the 19th century the area was home to a British Royal Artillery armoury, where, in the early 1890s, Captain Neville Bertie-Clay developed a bullet with the jacket cut away at the tip to reveal its soft lead core (see hollow point bullet), known informally as a dum-dum, or more correctly as an expanding bullet. The previous name of Dumdum was "Domdoma".
The 2011 India census reported that Dum Dum had a population of 117,637. The gender ratio was 927 females per 1000 males and 5.7 percent of the population was under six years of age. Effective literacy was 93.51 percent; male literacy was 94.09 percent and female literacy was 92.88 percent.
The Netaji Subhash Chandra Bose International Airport, or Kolkata Airport, is located on the periphery of Dum Dum and is therefore also called the Dum Dum Airport. There are flights to all major cities in India, as well as international flights to Dubai, Singapore, Bangkok, New York, Doha, Kuala Lumpur, Kunming, Kathmandu, Dhaka, Chittagong, Yangon, Frankfurt, and Paro.
Dum Dum railway station is on the Sealdah-Ranaghat line. The railway station and the metro station are in the same complex. The Circular Railway also terminates at the same station. The other stations in Dum Dum are located at Dum Dum Cantonment and Patipukur (on the Circular Railway line) and Airport Gate No 1 (on the single Airport line). Travel to airport by rail is inconvenient, as there are only a few trains at odd hours.
NH 34 starts from Dalkhola and ends at Dum Dum Road, one of the prime routes into the city of Dum Dum. Buses ply both arterial roads: the Jessore Road and the Dum Dum Road.
On Dum Dum Road the bus routes are 30B,30B/1, 202, DN9, Airport-Babughat Mini, Howrah-Nagerbazar Mini, Dankuni-Nagerbazar, Dum Dum Station-Ruby Hospital WBSTC Mini, Dankuni-Saltlake Sector 5 WBSTC Mini. On Jessore road there are more routes: 3C/2, 30, 30C, 30D, 30E, 45, 45A, 45B, 47, 47A, 47B, 79B, 91, 91A, 91B, 93, 211A, 215, 219, 221, 223, 237, DN8, DN18, Central Jail-Heritage WBSTC Mini. The minor roads on which buses ply are R.N. Guha Road (30B/1), Birati-Nimta road (237), Laketown connector (221, 223, 30C, 211A, 47, 47A), and Gorabazar-Cantonment Road (30D).
- From Airport to Bangur Avenue, 7 km
- From Airport to Cantonment, 5 km
- From Airport to Central Jail, 4 km
- From Airport to Dum Dum Station, 7 km
- From Airport to Laketown, 8 km
- From Airport to Nagerbazar, 5 km
- From Central Kolkata (Esplanade) to Bangur Avenue Jessore Road crossing, approximately 10 km
- From Central Kolkata (Esplanade) to Laketown Jessore Road crossing, approximately 9 km
- From Central Kolkata to Airport through VIP Road, approximately 22 km
- From Central Kolkata to Dum Dum Cantonment, approximately 15 km
- From Central Kolkata to Dum Dum Station through Central Avenue, BT Road, Chiriamore, approximately 10 km
- From Howrah railway station (Esplanade) to Nagerbazar, approximately 12 km through Central Avenue, Jessore Road
- From Subhasnagar to Airport, 5 km
Travel within Dum Dum
There are a plenty of blue private and mini-buses buses available, as well as a few CSTC or WBSTC or CTC buses. Autos are plentiful and can be used for short stretches, for example to travel from Dum Dum Station to Nagerbazar, or Dum Dum Station to Chiria. In addition, there are taxis: Nagerbazar and Airport being the largest taxi stands; others are in Birati, Central Jail, Laketown, Bangur, and Kalindi. The Dum Dum Station area does not have many taxis as the area is extremely crowded. The other popular means of travel over short distances is the rickshaw.
Historically important places in the locality include:
- Bungalow of Lord Clive
- Dum Dum Cantonment, the birthplace of the Indian Rebellion of 1857
- Dum Dum Central Jail
- Netaji Subhas Chandra Bose International Airport
- The Little Dum Dum Club (current board members: Peter Warsaw and Jeff Kiev)
Sodepur, Birati, Sarat Coloney, Bangur Avenue, Lake Town, Tetultola, Patipukur, Paikpara, Dakhshindari, Dum Dum Park, Dakshin Para, Shyamnagar, Baguiati, Keshtopur, Teghoria, Nager Bazaar, Satgachi, Amarpalli, Kshudiram Colony, Nayapatti, Gora Bazaar, Durganagar, Padmapukur, Motijheel, Devinibash, Telipukur, M.M. Ghosh Road, Durgabati, Ajay Nagar, Kalindi, Greenpark, Lichubagan, Laxminagar, Subhas Nagar, Seth Bagan, Lal Bagan, Ghosh Para, Purba Sinthee, Madhugar and Nalta, Private Road, Chatakol, Hanuman Mandir, Fari, Jawpur,Baguiati, Deshbandhunagar and Rajarhat
There are four government general colleges in Dum Dum.
- Dum Dum Arts College
- Dum Dum Motijheel Science College (renowned college in the locality)
- Dum Dum Rabindra Mahabidyalay (formerly known as Motijheel Commerce College, located in Chatakal)
- Indian College of Arts and Draftsmanship, established 1893
- Sarojini Naidu Girls College
There is also a private engineering college: Dr. Sudhir Chandra Sur Degree Engineering College in Surer Math.
There are many government sponsored schools, including:
- Dum Dum K K Hindu Academy
- Dum Dum Kishore Bharati High School
- Dum Dum Kumar Ashutosh Institution (Branch) Boys'
- Dum Dum Kumar Ashutosh Institution (Main) Boys'
- Dum Dum Kumar Ashutosh Institution (Main) Girls'
- Dum Dum Motijheel Girls High School
- Dum Dum Sree Aravinda Vidyamandir
- Krisnapur Adarsha Vidyamandir, Dum Dum Park
- KV Cossipore
- KV Dum Dum ordanance factory
- Northern Girls'
- Prachya Banimandir (girls and boys)
- Prachya High School
- Rameswar High School
- Sahid Khudiram High School
- Seth Bagan Adarsha Vidyamandir
- Siksha Niketan High School.
- Private schools
- Aditya Academy (Nursery-XII)
- Auxilium Convent School ( Nursery - XII )
- Calcutta Airport English High School (H.S)
- Dum Dum Christ Church Girls' High Secondary School(Infant-XII)
- Howard Memorial English School (Nursery to X)
- Indira Gandhi Memorial School (Std. I to XII)
- Seraphim's Public School (Std. I to XII)
- St. Mary's Orphanage & Day School (Nursery to Std. XII)
- St. Stephens School (Nursery to Std. XII)
- Tender Hearts (Nursery to Std. IV)
- WWA Cossipore English School (Nursery to Std. XII).
- "Provisional Population Totals, Census of India 2011; Cities having population 1 lakh and above" (pdf). Office of the Registrar General & Census Commissioner, India. Retrieved 26 March 2012.
- Falling Rain Genomics, Inc - Dum Dum
- First world War
- India 9
- Specialist Ammunition Types
- 303 British
- BBC News
- "Dum Dum". Encyclopædia Britannica. 2009. Retrieved 2009-05-18.
- Indian College of Arts and Draftsmanship
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