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Map of Cebu with Dumanjug highlighted
|Region||Central Visayas (Region VII)|
|Congr. district||2nd district of Cebu|
|• Mayor||Nelson Gamiel F. Garcia|
|• Total||85.53 km2 (33.02 sq mi)|
|• Density||550/km2 (1,400/sq mi)|
|Time zone||PST (UTC+8)|
Dumanjug is a third class municipality in the southwestern portion of Cebu Province, Philippines, about 73 kilometres (45 mi) south from Cebu City. According to the 2010 census, it has a population of 46,754 people.
It was established in 1855 by Capitan Pedro Ricamora and Padre Agustin Melgar. Based on the Cadastral Survey Map of the Department of Environment and Natural Resources (DENR), the municipality has an effective land area of 8,544 hectares. It is situated between the Municipalities of Barili in the north and Ronda in the south. On the eastern border are the municipalities of Sibonga and Argao while on the western side is the Tañon Strait.
The origin of the name "Dumanjug" is shrouded in several legends. The most popular version is of a story about a certain Roman, popularly called by his nickname Duman, who was a coconut plantation owner and producer of tuba (palm wine) that was popular with the villagers because of its taste and quality. His bamboo cleaners would beat on the coconut palms to gather the tuba. One dawn, the villagers were surprised when the sound was not heard. At the same time some Spaniards passed by the village. When the strangers asked about the place, the villagers responded, “Si Duman nahulog!” (Duman fell!) Not comprehending what the people were saying, the strangers thought that the name of the place was Dumanahug. Later, the name was hispanized and became Dumanjug.
Another legend from the pre-Spanish era is about a small bay along Tañon Strait with a village called ‘Dunggoan’ (meaning dock or wharf). This place is now called Barangay Tangil. ‘Dunggoan’ was used by fishermen from the nearby villages to dock their fishing boats along its shoreline after a day’s catch. Among the villagers in ‘Dunggoan’ was a certain Ka Doman, who had a big, loud, roaring voice that he would use to shout to his brother across the bay. He therefore earned the nickname ‘Ka Doman Dahunog’. Again, when a Spanish officer visited ‘Dunggoan’, he heard the loud call of Ka Doman and inquired from the villagers about the sound. Thereafter, the place ‘Dunggoan’ was known as ‘Kang Doman-Dahunog’, gradually shortened to Doman-dahunog and eventually to Dumanjug for better articulation.
Dumanjug is administratively subdivided into 37 barangays.
- Poblacion Central
- Poblacion Ilaya
- Poblacion Looc
- Poblacion Sima
|Population census of Dumanjug|
|Source: National Statistics Office|
Dumanjug's population is characterized mainly by an increasing birth rate and a gradually declining mortality rate. The growth in population is thus greatly attributed to high birth rates over deaths. The 2010 NSO Census on population showed that the municipality has a total population of 46,754 people.
The bulk of the household population is concentrated in the coastal barangays located in the western part of the municipality. The urban area comprising barangays Poblacion, Sima, Ilaya, and Looc has the biggest chunk of the population. Barangays Bitoon, Tangil, Tapon, Balaygtiki, Cogon and Liong are catching up with the urban barangays in terms of household population. With the urban area fast becoming into a commercial hub, barangays Bitoon, Paculob, Cogon and Liong are foreseen to be upcoming bedroom communities in the municipality.
The people of Dumanjug are mostly Catholics. The town has three Catholic parishes: St. Francis of Assisi (Poblacion), St. Vincent Ferrer (Bitoon), and Our Lady of the Holy Rosary (Bulak). The St. Francis of Assisi Church was completed in 1864, as engraved at the main entrance. Its construction started around 1854, when the Dumanjug Mission Post was elevated into a parish. The work was commissioned by the Spanish Bishop Romualdo Jimeno, O. P. and was undertaken by the pioneerring Filipino Secular Priest, Rev. Fr. Matias Cabrera and Doroteo Godinez, with the free labor support of the early Dumanjuganons. The basic materials used were sea corals, limestone, and balayong (native black wood) which were abundant in the area then. The church, considered to be one of the biggest in the whole province of Cebu, is one of the few old church structures in the whole Philippines to be designed, executed, supervised, and completed by the Filipinos themselves.
Dumanjug has 27 schools offering basic education, seven secondary schools, two tertiary education institutions, and two school districts: District I (Dumanjug Central) and District II (Bitoon Central). One of the town's prominent schools, the Little Flower School, was established in 1946 as the Dumanjug branch of the Colegio de San Carlos (now University of San Carlos). It was later renamed as the Dumanjug Catholic High School. It is currently being administered by the Oblates of Notre Dame. Dumanjug's biggest school, Bitoon National Vocational School, is in the northern barangay of Bitoon. A satellite campus of the Cebu Technological University is also located in Bitoon.
Transportation and Communication
Dumanjug is currently serviced by nine bus operators ( Ceres Bus Line, Librando Trans. Inc., Chan Transit, SM Trans., Rough Riders, Britt, Acop, & Caiban Mini-Bus.) The municipality also has a Roll-On Roll Off (RORO) port situated in Barangay Tangil. This RORO port serves as the gateway of the southern part of Cebu to the mideastern part of Negros Island. There are two shipping companies serving the passengers and cargoes from as early as 3:00 A.M until 12:00 midnight.
Serving the communication needs of the residents is a postal office, a government-owned telecommunications office, and a Globelines Communications System for the household telephone connections. The municipality also enjoys coverage from communication companies like Globe, PLDT, Smart & Sun Cellular. One can also connect to anyone in the world through the internet. Internet cafés are found in the Poblacion and in barangays where Globelines Telephone service is available. Leading local TV stations are available while Dream Satellite Cable Services provide all out TV channel coverage, foreign and domestic.
Majority of the existing industrial establishments in Dumanjug are those of micro-scale industries or establishments. These include bakeshops, welding shops, and cottage industries. Their products are mostly bakery products, assembled vehicles and handicrafts. Most of these establishments are found in the Poblacion and barangay Bitoon. There are also four existing rice and corn mill operating in the municipality to serve the rice and corn farmers in the municipality. There are potential industrial activities or industrial ventures that could be established in the locality. Among these are mining, coco wood processing, and other similar industries which would make use of its mineral, natural and manpower resources. As to the mining industry, the municipality has considerable quantity of high-grade dolomite and large phosphate reserves found in barangays Kanghumaod, Balaygtiki, Bullogan, Kabalaasnan, Matalao and Kabatbatan.
The Dumanjug Agora Complex is the center of trade & commerce of the municipality. Within the complex, various commercial establishments contribute greatly to the movement of goods and generation of revenues. These establishments cover basic goods for daily needs to construction supplies, agri-feeds, dry goods and many more. Sunday is designated as market day wherein various livestock and farm products congregate in the market. Out of town peddlers create an atmosphere of competition and creating opportunities to the local consumers. Across the Agora Complex is the Gaisano Grand Mall, the first mall to be constructed in southwestern Cebu.
List of former mayors
Dumanjug Mayors/Presidentes from the American occupation to the present:
- Domingo Albino
- Fortunato Ricamora
- Fabio Beltran
- Diosdado Melgar
- Eladio Alpuerto
- Basilio Serna
- Diosdado Melgar
- Mariano Cañete
- Eladio Alpuerto
- Esteban Zozobrado
- Vicente Lozada
- Pacifico Alpuerto
- Jose S. Macoy, Sr.
- Jose S. Amadora
- Silvano Jakosalem
- Luciano Lucero
- Jose S. Macoy, Sr.
- Guntrano Gica
- Romeo A. Amadora
- Tomas P. Garcia
- Melecio L. Amadora, Jr.
- Leon C. Avila
- Teodulo Q. Opsima
- Cesar A. Baricuatro
- Nelson Gamaliel F. Garcia
- "Municipalities". Quezon City, Philippines: Department of the Interior and Local Government. Retrieved 8 April 2013.
- "Province: Cebu". PSGC Interactive. Makati City, Philippines: National Statistical Coordination Board. Retrieved 8 April 2013.
- "Total Population by Province, City, Municipality and Barangay: as of May 1, 2010". 2010 Census of Population and Housing. National Statistics Office. Retrieved 1 April 2013.
- Ronaldo S. Tan. "The Beginning of the ‘Pueblo’ called ‘Dumanjug’". History. Municiapality of Dumanjug. Retrieved 8 April 2013.
- Ronaldo S. Tan. "Si ‘Dumandahunog’: The Legend of Dumanjug". Municiapality of Dumanjug. Retrieved 8 April 2013.