Dumbarton Bridge (Washington, D.C.)
|Location||Q Street, Northwest
over Rock Creek Park
|Architectural style||Romanesque Revival|
|NRHP Reference #||73002080|
|Added to NRHP||July 16, 1973|
The Dumbarton Bridge, also known as the Q Street Bridge and the Buffalo Bridge, is a historic masonry arch bridge in Washington, D.C., built in 1914–15 to convey Q Street Northwest across Rock Creek Park between the city's Dupont Circle and Georgetown neighborhoods. The bridge's design was by Glenn Brown with engineering design by Daniel B. Luten. Its four famed buffalo sculptures, the largest cast in a single piece of bronze, are by Alexander Phimister Proctor.
The bridge is significant as showing the impact of the City Beautiful movement in Washington and the association of architects, engineers and sculptors with the city's new Commission of Fine Arts. The architects studied photographs of bridges around the world choosing as models a Roman aqueduct and a mountain bridge in Italy with intent to set a precedent for further city bridges. The color of the bridge's stone was intended to evoke the warm tones of Spain and Italy. Along with the buffalo theme the arches are decorated by Indian head designs by Glenn Brown based on a life mask of the Sioux chief Kicking Bear in the Smithsonian.
The curved design is due to need to match the section of Q Street NW in Dupont Circle that is slightly north of the section in Georgetown. To accommodate the bridge’s approach and to keep the street continuous within Georgetown the Dumbarton House, then known as Bellevue, was moved about 100 feet northward from its original site in the middle of the current Q Street to its present position on the north side of the Street.
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- List of bridges documented by the Historic American Engineering Record in Washington, D.C.
- List of bridges on the National Register of Historic Places in Washington, D.C.
- National Register of Historic Places listings in the District of Columbia
- "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service. 2009-03-13.
- National Park Service, U.S. Department of the Interior. "Historic American Engineering Record—Q Street Bridge (Dumbarton Bridge)—HAER No. DC-38" (PDF). Retrieved 23 September 2013.
- The National Society of The Colonial Dames of America (2012). "Dumbarton House: Chronology". Dumbarton House. The National Society of The Colonial Dames of America. Retrieved 23 September 2013.
- Historic American Engineering Record (HAER) No. DC-38, "Q Street Bridge (Dumbarton Bridge)"
- Q Street Bridge at Structurae
- Buffaloes & Indian Heads statues at the Dumbarton Bridge in Washington, D.C.