Dumka

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For the Ukrainian musical genre, see Dumka (musical genre).
Dumka (Hindi: दुमका)
city
Dumka (Hindi: दुमका) is located in Jharkhand
Dumka (Hindi: दुमका)
Dumka (Hindi: दुमका)
Location in Jharkhand, India
Coordinates: 24°16′N 87°15′E / 24.27°N 87.25°E / 24.27; 87.25Coordinates: 24°16′N 87°15′E / 24.27°N 87.25°E / 24.27; 87.25
Country  India
State Jharkhand
District Dumka
Area
 • Total 4,404.02 km2 (1,700.40 sq mi)
Elevation 137 m (449 ft)
Population (2011)
 • Total 1,321,096
 • Density 300/km2 (800/sq mi)
Languages
 • Official Hindi
Time zone IST (UTC+5:30)
PIN 814101
Telephone code 06434
Vehicle registration JH 04
Sex ratio 974 /
Website dumka.nic.in

Dumka , headquarters of Dumka district (Hindi: दुमका जिला), is a city and municipality in the state of Jharkhand, India. It was made the headquarters of the Santhal Pargana region which was carved out of Bhagalpur and Suri districts after The Great Santal Hul 1855. Presently, it is Sub-capital of Jharkhand state & the commissionary headquarters of Santal Pargana division which has 6 districts. It was bestowed the status of sub-capital of newly born Jharkhand state, carved out of the southern part of Bihar on 15 November 2000.

Origin of name[edit]

There are two suggestions as to how Dumka got its present name. The first one being that Dumka got its name from the santali word Dumk which mean "shunted" or "small". Back during the British Raj it was a small town compared to Suri and Bhagalpur and hencce the name.

The other is that Dumka derives its name from a Persian word damin-i-koh, which means 'skirts (an edge, border or extreme part) of the hills'. The Mughals assigned this name to this and nearby areas on account of presence of hillocks and undulating terrain.[citation needed]

Geography[edit]

Dumka is located at 24°16′N 87°15′E / 24.27°N 87.25°E / 24.27; 87.25.[1] It has an average elevation of 137 metres (449 feet).

The Dumka district has an area of 3716.02 km2 and consists of only one sub division namely Dumka. Under the Dumka sub division, there are 10 blocks namely Dumka, Gopikander, Jama, Jarmundi, Kathikund, Maslia, Ramgarh, Ranishwar, Shikaripara and Saraiyahat.

Physiography[edit]

Dumka has predominantly undulating terrain with hard rocks in the underground. The entire district has a topography with high ridges and valleys bounded by mountains and rivers. The fertility of soil is poor due to extensive erosion, acidic character and low retaining capacity.

Climate[edit]

Dumka has a humid subtropical climate (Köppen climate classification Cwa), with warm, wet summers and mild winters.

Climate data for Dumka
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 33.3
(91.9)
35.6
(96.1)
42.8
(109)
46.3
(115.3)
48.3
(118.9)
45.2
(113.4)
41.5
(106.7)
38.6
(101.5)
38.1
(100.6)
37.6
(99.7)
35.8
(96.4)
31.2
(88.2)
48.3
(118.9)
Average high °C (°F) 25.9
(78.6)
28.9
(84)
34.3
(93.7)
38.4
(101.1)
37.5
(99.5)
35.5
(95.9)
32.7
(90.9)
32.5
(90.5)
32.9
(91.2)
33.0
(91.4)
30.5
(86.9)
27.0
(80.6)
32.42
(90.36)
Average low °C (°F) 10.2
(50.4)
13.2
(55.8)
17.4
(63.3)
22.3
(72.1)
23.9
(75)
24.7
(76.5)
24.1
(75.4)
23.7
(74.7)
23.6
(74.5)
21.0
(69.8)
16.0
(60.8)
11.1
(52)
19.27
(66.69)
Record low °C (°F) 1.7
(35.1)
1.8
(35.2)
5.8
(42.4)
13.8
(56.8)
14.5
(58.1)
17.8
(64)
13.4
(56.1)
16.8
(62.2)
13.8
(56.8)
11.8
(53.2)
4.8
(40.6)
2.8
(37)
1.7
(35.1)
Precipitation mm (inches) 9.0
(0.354)
15.0
(0.591)
21.0
(0.827)
35.0
(1.378)
72.0
(2.835)
198.0
(7.795)
343.0
(13.504)
293.0
(11.535)
273.0
(10.748)
116.0
(4.567)
9.0
(0.354)
7.0
(0.276)
1,391
(54.764)
Avg. rainy days 1.5 2.3 2.2 2.8 6.3 11.3 18.9 16.9 14.1 5.7 1.1 0.8 83.9
Source: NOAA (1971-1990) [2]

History[edit]

  • Stone-age: On the basis of tools unearthed the original inhabitants appear to be the Mon-khmers and the Mundas.
  • Early History: The earlier inhabitants of the present-day district of whom there is same record, it appears, were the Paharias (for example, the Maler and Sauria Paharias). The Greek traveler Megasthenes identified these people as Mallis. He referred to the Sauria Paharias as savars of Orisa.
  • Medieval History: Due to inaccessibility of the area caused by the cliffs of the Rajmahal Hills, it was a place of strategic economic importance, with a fort at Teliagarhi.
  • 1745: Raghoji Bhosle entered Rajmahal via the hills and jungles of Santal Pargana. The early stay of the English was spent in subduing the Paharias.
  • 1865: Dumka was made an independent district after being carved out of Bhagalpur.
  • 1872: Dumka was made headquarters of the whole district of Santal Pargana.
  • 1889: Paul Olaf Bodding started his service in India (Dumka/Benagaria) after Lars Olsen Skrefsrud, and Bodding created the first alphabet for the Santhals. The NELC-church was created as a Lutheran Church in this area - before the Catholics had established a mission in this area at all.
  • 1983: Dumka made divisional headquarters of Santal Pargana.
  • 2000: Dumka became the sub-capital of Jharkhand.
  • 2011: Dumka is connected with the newly built Jasidih - Dumka railway line.
  • 2012: Intercity express to Ranchi started via Jasidih.

Demographics[edit]

As of 2011 India census,[3] Dumka had a population of 1,321,096. Males constitute 52% of the population and females 48%. Dumka has an average literacy rate of 62.54%, lower than the national average of 74.4%: male literacy is 75.17% and, female literacy is 49.60%. In Dumka, 12% of the population is under 6 years of age. But after 5 years [timeframe?] its literacy rate has increased and is now 82%, also the literacy rate of female has increased and is now 79% .[citation needed]

Transport[edit]

Main article: Dumka Station
Jasidih-Dumka-Rampurhat
Track gauge: Broad gauge 1,676 mm (5 ft 6 in)
km from Howrah-Delhi Main Line
0 Jasidih
6 Deoghar
7 to Sultanganj
14 Nowadih
Jharkhand-Bihar border
25 Chandan
to Sahibganj Loop
---------------------------------
11 State Highway 6
16 Mohanpur
Trukati Hills 392m
26 Ghormara
40 Chandanpahari
49 Basukinath
59 Jama
64 State Highway 6
65 to Bhagalpur
71 Baraplasi
Nonihat
100 Hasdiha
109 Kumradol
Jharkhand-Bihar border
115 Pandetola
124 Mandar hill
128 Mandar Vidyapith Halt
133 Panjwara Road
to Banka
4 Telia
8 Murahara
15 Banka
---------------------------------
138 Barahat
142 Punsia
149 Dhauni
155 Sanjha
160 Tikani
165 Hatpuraini
166 Gani Dham Halt
168 Kollikhutaha
176 Bhagalpur
to Sahibganj Loop
---------------------------------
65 Madanpur Halt
72 Dumka
77 Kurwa
Patabari
Barmasia
Sikaripara
Harinsing
115 Piragaria
Jharkhand-West Bengal border
122 Adalpahari
134 Rampurhat
to Sahibganj Loop


Dumka town is connected by road to the neighboring city[where?]. However in July 2011 Dumka was connected with the newly built Jasidih - Dumka railway line. Since then city has seen a growing number of three wheelers on the road. There is also ongoing work on a new railway line, which will connect Dumka to Bhagalpur (Bihar) and Rampurhat (west Bangal) in coming years. Recently intercity express to Ranchi was added.

Buses are the preferred mode of transport and are run by both government agencies and private operators. Dumka has good connectivity to neighboring district with buses. There is a luxury night bus service between Dumka - Ranchi and Kolkata. The road network of Dumka is very well maintained .[citation needed]

Tourist places[edit]

Malooti mandir
Malooti mandir
Malooti mandir
Malooti mandir
Malooti mandir
Malooti mandir

Masanjore Dam[edit]

Masanjore is a famous picnic spot situated in Dumka District of Jharkhand. This small village is about 31 km south of Dumka. The picturesque Masanjore dam on the Mayurakshi River is a major draw. From the counterpart rupee fund created through supplies of wheat and other materials from Canada for use in India, Canada Govt. devoted those funds to further development of the Mayurakshi project And Masanjore dam was commissioned in 1955. That's why the Dam is still mentioned as Canada Dam. The dam is bounded by hills and forests, a perfect place for outing. Mayurakshi Bhawan Bungalow and Inspection Bungalow offer excellent and comfortable accommodation in the village. By road, Masanjore is connected with Vakreshwara (59 km), Sainthia (50 km), Tarapith (70 km), Rampurhat (62 km) and Deoghar (98 km).

Kurwa (Shrishti)[edit]

It is a small picnic spot about 5 km to the south of Dumka. It has a beautiful park, facilities for boating and a small hill.

Chutonath[edit]

It is situated 20 k.m. away from the district headquarters. It is a beautiful place and picnic spot having natural beauty surrounded by hillocks and river. Chutonath is a religious place of Hindu god Lord chutonath.

Dharmsthan[edit]

It is temple situated in Tin bazar at the heart of Dumka Town,It is very famous for goddess kali, during the Durga puja 7 days special puja is organised here.

Politics[edit]

The first Chief Minister of Jharkhand, Babulal Marandi, hailed from Dumka constituency. In 2000, when Jharkhand was carved out of Bihar, NDA came to power in Jharkhand with Marandi as the Chief Minister. However, he had to resign and make way for Arjun Munda (BJP) for the post in 2002 following pressure exerted by coalition allies primarily JD(U). Recently, he formed his own party with Stephan Marandi, another political leader[vague] of the state.

Shibu Soren is another familiar and famous politician associated with Dumka. His political career has been mired in controversies, starting since Indira Gandhi's prime ministership. Recently, he was sent to Dumka jail after being convicted of murdering his private secretary Shashinath Jha. But, the Delhi High Court acquitted him of the murder charge of his private secretary due to lack of evidence. A number of cases are still pending before the Jamtara Session Court and some of the other courts of the Jharkhand. He is currently holding the place of MP from Dumka constituency, while his son Hemant Soren was representing Dumka in the Legislative Assembly & is deputy CM[expand acronym] of the state.

Hemant Soren is the current Chief Minister of Jharkhand, another familiar and famous politician associated with Dumka.

Culture[edit]

Dumka District contains many popular temples, such as Basukinath, Sirshanath, Maluti Mandir, Shiv Pahar, and Dharamsthana. Crowds visit these places during the month of Sawan. Chootonath is also very famous place of local KRAM KAND and MUNDAN.

Education[edit]

The district has some good schools and colleges which have been imparting the value of education .[peacock term] Zila School, National School, Govt. Girls School and Dumka Central School provide education till +2 level. Other reputable schools which provide education through secondary level are N.E.L.C.,S.S. Vidya-Vihar, Don Bosco School, Sido Kanhu High School, St. Teresa High school (for girls) and Holy Child, and St. Joseph's High School, . Other schools of similar repute include Ananda Marga School (in Kurwa), Modern Sainik School, Green Mount Academy and New Life Academy (in Kathikund block). They are known for a good standard of education. Santal Pargana College and A. N. College [expand acronym] run under the Sido Khanu Marmu University. S. P. College offers undergraduate, graduate and postgraduate courses in various disciplines of science, arts and commerce and also have 7 big Hostel for college students . Recently the B.Ed. course was also introduced. An IGNOU study centre provides for distance learning education in various certificate, diploma, graduation and postgraduate courses. Another well known university is Birsa Agricultural University which provides technical education related to agriculture.

Dumka also has a polytechnic institute and an ITI (Industrial Training Institute) but unfortunately no engineering, medical or dental college, so those who wish to pursue a career in these subjects have to move out of the city. A good number of schools are also there to provide the educational needs of the students of this locality[excessive detail?].

Dumka also has some private institutes which provide a good education environment in Dumka. Dumka also has institute working for the social growth; the most famous is Total Software Solution Centre which is working with Govt and gives technical and non technical (school to college) education and also provides placement to their students.

Banks in Dumka[edit]

  • Nationalized Banks
  1. Allahabad Bank (Neach Bazar Road)
  2. Axis Bank (Bhagalpur Road)
  3. Bank of Baroda (Tin Bazar Chock)
  4. Bank of India (Thana Road)
  5. Canara Bank (Thana Road)
  6. Central Bank of India (Tata Showroom)
  7. Indian Bank (Dudhani)
  8. Oriental Bank of Commerce (Neach Bazar)
  9. Punjab National Bank (Bagalpur Road)
  10. Union Bank of India (Neach Bazar)
  11. United Bank of India (Dhramshala Road)
  12. UCO Bank (kuldeep singh Road)
  • New Private Banks
  1. Axis Bank (Baghalpur Road)
  2. ICICI Bank (Chuha Bagan)
  3. HDFC Bank (Thana Road)
  4. IndusInd Bank (Coming soon in 2013)
  • Other Public Sector Bank
  1. IDBI Bank (Shyam Bazar Road)
  • Regional Rural Bank
  1. Vananchal Gramin Bank
  • State Bank Group
  1. State Bank of India (Main Branch)
  2. State Bank of India (Bazar Branch)
  3. State Bank of India (AMY Dudhani)

References[edit]

External links[edit]