Dummerston, Vermont

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Dummerston, Vermont
Town
West Dummerston Covered Bridge
West Dummerston Covered Bridge
Dummerston, Vermont
Dummerston, Vermont
Coordinates: 42°55′21″N 72°34′40″W / 42.92250°N 72.57778°W / 42.92250; -72.57778Coordinates: 42°55′21″N 72°34′40″W / 42.92250°N 72.57778°W / 42.92250; -72.57778
Country United States
State Vermont
County Windham
Chartered 1753
Area
 • Total 30.8 sq mi (79.8 km2)
 • Land 30.6 sq mi (79.2 km2)
 • Water 0.2 sq mi (0.6 km2)
Elevation 814 ft (248 m)
Population (2000)
 • Total 1,915
 • Density 62.6/sq mi (24.2/km2)
Time zone Eastern (EST) (UTC-5)
 • Summer (DST) EDT (UTC-4)
ZIP code 05301
Area code(s) 802
FIPS code 50-18325[1]
GNIS feature ID 1462084[2]

Dummerston is a town in Windham County, Vermont, United States. The population was 1,915 at the 2000 census. It is home to the longest covered bridge still in use in Vermont.

History[edit]

East Dummerston in 1913

Dummerston was part of the Equivalent Lands. It lies on a tract given to the Connecticut Colony about 1715 by the Province of Massachusetts Bay as compensation for land mistakenly awarded by the latter to its settlers. In 1716, the town was auctioned to a consortium (which included William Dummer, lieutenant governor of Massachusetts), and named Dummerston. On December 26, 1753, the town was chartered as a New Hampshire grant and renamed Fulham by Governor Benning Wentworth. But when the grant was renegotiated, it reverted to Dummerston.[3]

The West River provided the area with water power. Dummerston had five gristmills, five sawmills, one slate manufacturer, and one shop for making rakes. Raising sheep across the many hills was an important occupation.[4] By 1859, the town had a population of 1,645. The Vermont Valley Railroad passed through Dummerston.[3]

A house built in Dummerston in 1892, Naulakha, was home to author Rudyard Kipling. This is where he wrote several of his novels, including The Jungle Books and Captains Courageous.[5]

Geography[edit]

According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 30.8 square miles (79.8 km2), of which 30.6 square miles (79.2 km2) is land and 0.2 square mile (0.6 km2) (0.71%) is water. Dummerston is bounded by the Connecticut River, and the West River flows through the town.[6]

The town is crossed by Interstate 91, U. S. Route 5 and Vermont Route 30. It is bordered by Brattleboro to the south, Marlboro and Newfane to the west, with Putney and Brookline to the north. Chesterfield, New Hampshire lies across the Connecticut River from it.

Demographics[edit]

As of the census[1] of 2000, there were 1,915 people, 796 households, and 543 families residing in the town. The population density was 62.6 people per square mile (24.2/km2). There were 893 housing units at an average density of 29.2 per square mile (11.3/km2). The racial makeup of the town was 98.33% White, 0.05% African American, 0.63% Asian, 0.05% from other races, and 0.94% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.57% of the population.

There were 796 households out of which 31.8% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 58.0% were married couples living together, 6.8% had a female householder with no husband present, and 31.7% were non-families. 25.4% of all households were made up of individuals and 6.9% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.41 and the average family size was 2.89.

In the town the population was spread out with 23.1% under the age of 18, 5.1% from 18 to 24, 26.8% from 25 to 44, 31.1% from 45 to 64, and 13.9% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 42 years. For every 100 females there were 101.2 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 97.1 males.

The median income for a household in the town was $46,121, and the median income for a family was $53,375. Males had a median income of $35,664 versus $26,174 for females. The per capita income for the town was $23,742. About 1.1% of families and 2.4% of the population were below the poverty line, including 2.7% of those under age 18 and 6.5% of those age 65 or over.

Sites of interest[edit]

Built in 1872, the West Dummerston Covered Bridge has a floor length of 267 feet (81 m)

Dummerston has several interesting sites within its borders.

The longest covered bridge that is still in use in the state of Vermont is the West Dummerston Covered Bridge. Built in two spans which rest on a central pier, the bridge boasts a combined length of 267 feet along the floor. The gable ends overhang the floor at each end of the bridge by two feet; therefore, along the top of the trusses, the bridge is 271 feet long.[7]

Dummerston is home to the 593 acre Black Mountain Conservation Area. Black Mountain rises abruptly from the West River into a horseshoe-shaped ridge. The mountain has a summit of 1,280 feet.[8]

Author Rudyard Kipling made Dummerston home, building a house that he named Naulakha. His house is now a museum available for overnight stays. The house is a National Historic Landmark.[9]

The Dummerston Grange periodically hosts the Vermont Theatre Company.[10]

Notable people[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  2. ^ "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  3. ^ a b Coolidge, Austin J.; John B. Mansfield (1859). A History and Description of New England. Boston, Massachusetts. pp. 792–795. 
  4. ^ Hayward's New England Gazetteer of 1839
  5. ^ Virtual Vermont -- Dummerston, Vermont
  6. ^ DeLorme (1996). Vermont Atlas & Gazetteer. Yarmouth, Maine: DeLorme. ISBN 0-89933-016-9
  7. ^ West Dummerston Covered Bridge
  8. ^ Black Mountain Natural Area
  9. ^ Naulakha -- the Rudyard Kipling home
  10. ^ Dummerston Grange -- Vermont Theatre Company

External links[edit]