Dun Emer Press

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The Dun Emer Press at work, ca. 1903

The Dun Emer Press (fl. 1902–1908) was an Irish private press founded in 1902 by Elizabeth Yeats and her brother William Butler Yeats, part of the Celtic Revival. It was named after the legendary Emer and evolved into the Cuala Press.

History[edit]

In 1902, Elizabeth and her sister Lily Yeats joined Evelyn Gleeson in establishing a craft studio at Dundrum, near Dublin, called Dun Emer. This specialized in printing and other crafts, with Elizabeth Yeats in charge of the printing press.[1][2] While living in London, Elizabeth Yeats had been part of the circle of William Morris, and had been inspired by his printing work. Gleeson offered the Yeats sisters her large house in Dundrum, in which a crafts group providing training and work for young women, in the fields of bookbinding, printing, weaving, and embroidery, could live and work.[3][4] Bookbinding workshops were a later addition to the studio.[5]

The Dun Emer studio and press were named after Emer, daughter of Forgall Monach, wife of the hero Cúchulainn in the Ulster Cycle of Irish mythology, a figure famous for her artistic skills as well as her beauty.[3] The title-page device of the Dun Emer Press was designed by Elinor Monsell and shows Emer standing underneath a tree. Monsell also created the symbol of the Abbey Theatre, Dublin, which depicts Maeve with a wolfhound.[6] The focus of the Press was on publishing literary work by Irish authors,[7] and Elizabeth and Lily Yeats's younger brother, the artist Jack Butler Yeats, did much of the illustration work.[5]

In 1904, the Dun Emer crafts studio was organized into two parts, the Dun Emer Guild under Gleeson and Dun Emer Industries under the Yeats sisters.[8][9]

The Dun Emer Press produced limited editions of books, printed by hand in the manner of William Morris's Kelmscott Press.[10] The texts it published were written or selected by W. B. Yeats,[11] who was the press's literary editor and who also subsidized its operations, which lacked profitability.[12] In its prospectus issued early in 1903, the press boasted of "a good eighteenth century fount of type" and "paper made of linen rags and without bleaching chemicals".[13]

As well as books, the Press also printed broadsheets designed by Jack Yeats, and hand-coloured greeting cards.[12] In 1908, after the Press had produced eleven literary titles, the different elements of the Dun Emer studio separated completely, with Gleeson retaining the Dun Emer name. The Yeats sisters left Dundrum and took the new name Cuala for their operations, Elizabeth establishing the Cuala Press at Churchtown, Dublin.[14][15]

List of books published by the press[edit]

Device of the Dun Emer Press, designed by Elinor Monsell

References[edit]

  1. ^ John Sheehy, The Rediscovery of Ireland's Past: The Celtic Revival 1830–1930 (Thames and Hudson, 1980), p. 158
  2. ^ William M. Murphy, Dun Emer, 1902–1908
  3. ^ a b Elizabeth Yeats
  4. ^ Sheila Pim, 'Dun Emer: The Origins', in Irish Arts Review (1984-1987), Vol. 2, No. 2 (Summer, 1985), pp. 18-22
  5. ^ a b Cuala/Dun Emer Press at ubc.ca
  6. ^ Elizabeth Corbet Yeats at princeton.edu
  7. ^ Dun Emer Press at missouri.edu
  8. ^ Sheehy, op. cit., , p. 161
  9. ^ Paul Larmour, 'The Dun Emer Guild', in Irish Arts Review (1984-1987), Vol. 1, No. 4 (Winter, 1984), pp. 24-28
  10. ^ Robin Skelton, 'Twentieth-Century Irish Literature and the Private Press Tradition: Dun Emer, Cuala, & Dolmen Presses 1902-1963' in The Massachusetts Review, vol. 5, no. 2 (Winter 1964), pp. 368-377
  11. ^ Robert Hogan, The Macmillan Dictionary of Irish Literature (1980), p. 182
  12. ^ a b Patrick Maume, Dun Emer Press (from The Oxford Companion to Irish History, 2007) at encyclopedia.com
  13. ^ David Holdeman, Much labouring: the texts and authors of Yeats's first modernist books (1997) p. 32 online
  14. ^ Elizabeth Yeats at princeton.edu (Unseen Hands: Women Printers, Binders and Book Designers)
  15. ^ Dun Emer Press at encyclopedia.com
  16. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k DUN EMER & CUALA PRESS at uflib.ufl.edu (University of Florida web site)
  17. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k Liam Miller, The Dun Emer Press (New York: The Typophiles, 1974)

External links[edit]