Dun an Sticir

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Coordinates: 57°40′53.43″N 7°12′27.99″W / 57.6815083°N 7.2077750°W / 57.6815083; -7.2077750

Dun an Sticir
Photo of the broch
Dun an Sticir
Dun an Sticir is located in Outer Hebrides
Dun an Sticir
Shown within Scotland Outer Hebrides
Alternate name Dun an Sticer; Dun an Sticar
Location North Uist
Coordinates 57°40′53″N 7°12′28″W / 57.681508°N 7.207775°W / 57.681508; -7.207775
Type Broch
History
Periods Iron Age
Site notes
Public access Yes

Dun an Sticir is an Iron Age broch situated approximately 9.5 kilometers north of Lochmaddy in a lake on North Uist in the Scottish Outer Hebrides. A building was erected on the site in the late-medieval period.

Name and location[edit]

Dun an Sticir (grid reference NF89717767) is located on a small island in Loch an Sticir on the east side of the B893 road, 0.8 kilometers south of Newtonferry.[1] The name is also spelled Dun an Sticer and Dun an Sticar.[1] The island, on which the broch stands, is connected via a causeway to another larger island called Eilean na Mi-Chomhairle (Council Isle). This larger island is connected via two causeways to the mainland. Dun an Sticir is freely accessible. At high tide, the causeways may be partially submerged.

The name Dun an Sticir is derived from "dun", which means "fortress", and "sticir" which means "skulker". Thus Dun an Sticir means Fort Skulker.[2] Only in the second half of the twentieth century did it become clear that the structure was a broch.[3]

History[edit]

Dun an Sticir was probably built in the Iron Age in the period between 100 BC and 100 AD, like most brochs. Limited excavations resulted in finds of pottery.[2]

The broch was probably inhabited during the Viking period.[4] In the Middle Ages the broch was converted into a rectangular hall,[3][4] or small tower.[2] The entrance was enlarged and a window was constructed.[4] Outbuildings were added and there was a larger building on Eilean na Mi-Chomhairle.[4] The causeway from the north side of the lake to Eilean na Mi-Chomhairle was widened to 3 meters,[2] so that carts could get to the island.[3][4]

Hugh MacDonald of Sleat (Scottish Gaelic: Uisdean Macghilleasbuig Chleirich), son of Hugh the Clerk,[5] inhabited Dun Sticir in 1602.[1] He was the Factor to North Uist in the 1580s.[2] In 1586 he hatched a plan to murder his cousin, Donald Gorm, 8th Chief of the Macdonalds of Sleat.[2] After his plan was discovered, he fled to Dun an Sticir.[1] He was eventually captured when he tried to escape a siege of his castle, Caisteal Uisdean, on Skye.[6] As punishment, he was starved to death in the dungeon of Duntulm Castle on Skye.[1][6]

Construction[edit]

Medieval building within Dun an Sticir

Dun an Sticir is located on an island in a lake. A wide stone causeway leads from the north to the island of Eilean na Mi-Chomhairle.[4] A second, smaller causeway leads from the south side of the lake to the same island. A third causeway curves from that island to the east to the small island on which the broch lies. The causeways are partially submerged at high tide.

The broch has a total diameter of 18 metres.[4] The walls of the broch are 3.5 metres thick and in some places a little more than three metres high.[4]

The circular interior of the broch was in the Middle Ages transformed into a rectangular area 10 metres by 4.6 metres.[2] The axis is northeast-southwest. The entrances are 1.1 metres wide, located in the northwest and southwest of the rectangular space.[2] The wall at the southwestern entrance is 2.5 metres thick.[2]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e M. Coventry (2006), The Castles of Scotland, p. 266. Fourth Edition, Birlinn Limited. ISBN 1-84158-449-5
  2. ^ a b c d e f g h i Royal Commission on Ancient and Historical Monuments of Scotland, North Uist, Port nan Long, Loch an Sticer, Dun an Sticer.
  3. ^ a b c I. Armit (2003), Towers in the North - The Brochs of Scotland, pp. 138-139. Tempus Publishing Ltd . ISBN 0-7524-1932-3
  4. ^ a b c d e f g h A. Badcock (ed.), (2008) Ancient Uists. Exploring the archaeology of the Outer Hebrides. pp. 52-53. Comhairle Nan Eilean Siar. ISBN 978-0-9519490-1-6
  5. ^ According to the Site Record of the Royal Commission for Ancient and Historical Monuments of Scotland the son of Archibald the Clerk.
  6. ^ a b O. Swire (1999), Skye. The island and its legends. pp. 52-53. Third Edition Maclean Press. ISBN 1-84158-479-7

External links[edit]

Media related to Dun an Sticir at Wikimedia Commons